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The Cub
Vol. 59, No. 1, Oct, 2002

56th Annual Reunion of the Golden Lions
Holiday Inn - Hampton, VA. September 18-22 2002
John Schaffner "A" Battery, 589th FAB, incoming year President, at Podium
Joseph Maloney, 424/HQ, President year 2001/2002
presiding over the 56th Annual Reunion
President's View...
To all members of the
106th Infantry Division Association:
It is with humility that I accepted the invitation to serve as your President for the year 2002-2003.
    Already, even before our reunion was over, some of you have volunteered your services and proposed your ideas to me in support of our Association.
I appreciate that more than you can imagine. It is YOUR Association'
If you know of anything that should be done, or NOT done, to benefit the Association, please let us know.
    Working together in support of our Association is our aim. To lend our talents for the benefit of our members is our mission. That is why we are here.
I am looking forward to another successful year and to meeting again
    with all of you next September for the 57th Annual Reunion at The Drawbridge Inn & Conference Center, Fort Mitchell, Ky. (Greater Cincinnati Area.) Reserve the days of September 10-- 15, 2003, on your calendar now.
    Past-President Joe Maloney gave me a tough act to follow at Hampton, but we will do our best to provide the best of times for you.
    You will be interested to know that at the Board Meeting at Hampton a proposal was passed that will allow the Association to spend the amount of money needed to establish an attractive memorial for the 106th Infantry Division POW's at the Andersonville, Ga. National Historic Site. The chairman of our Memorials Committee, Dr. John Robb, 422/D, is currently at work on this important project'
    The ball is rolling. Our men who became prisoners will not be forgotten. Director, Harry Martin, 424/L, is now the Mini-Reunions Chairman and will be encouraging all of you to participate in a Mini-Reunion in your area. These
meetings are more important every year as traveling longer distances becomes more difficult for us.
I thank you from the heart for being there for OUR Association.
May God bless and keep us all in good health until we meet again.
John R' Schaffner, 589/A
President 2002-2003
106th Infantry Division Association
the 01111 the Golden Lion
John R, Schaffner, President 2002-2003 106th Infantry Division Association
    "A" Battery, 589th Field Artillery Battalion 1811 Miller Rd, Cockeysville, MD 21030-1013 Phone: 410-584-2754 Email:
Chaplain's Message...
The 106th's "Red" Prendergast told this incident to Studs Terkel:
     We officer'platoons, maybe sixty men. We were in this huge forest. This was the Ardennes - the Schnee Eifel, snowy mountains. Wmajor fighting on the run. We had no food, no vehicles, no ammunition.
     We had no place to run because they were behind us too. ..So there I am wandeway' around with the whole German army shootitruth..'' and all I've got is a .45 aleft'"ic. Snipers were a big problem. They shot a major right out from under me.
It was always protocol for the lesser rank to walk on the left of an officer. So he insisted I walk on his left.
    Of course, the whole German army knew that lesser ranks walked on the left. The major got one right through the neck. There are times when pride goes before a fall. There are times when, despite protocol, humility is the better way.
    How vividly Red's story illustrates this truth.... "He INSISTED I walk on the left." A little more humility might have saved that major's life. Proverbs 16:18, "Pride goeth before destruction," was literally true for that Major.
    That is the way we are to conduct our walk through life with God. The prophet Micah wrote: "He hath showed you, 0 man, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you,God' to do justly, and love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God."
    To walk with God ! Walk with God! Is there any way one can do that other than humbly? To walk with God requires, absolutely requires, humility. Many of us may be caring people, doing justly to others, extending mercy...but life is completed when we come alive spiritually - and walk with God. Only then is life fulfilled.
    Fortunately, it is always possible to experience that rebirth - from the natural to the spiritual, says the Word of God. It is never tmountains'ery new day is a day to begin !
    "I will give them a heart to know me, that I am the Lord, and they shall be my people and I will be their God." (Ezekiel 18:31)
Dr. Duncan Trueman, 424/AT
29 Overhill Lane, Warwick NY 10990
TEL: 845-986-6376 FAX: 845-986-4problem'

The CUB of the Golden Liome'
Chaplain's Memorial Message...
Yesterday's Heroes 56th Annual Reunion Memorial Address
Holiday Inn, Hampton, VA
    September 10-18 2002 The Civil War ended in 1865, but it wasn't until 1997 that the last shot was fired. Two young boys were playing around with a metal detector when they came across a live shell dating back to the civil war.
    At first they didn't know what it was, but their uncle called the police, who exploded the shell in their yard, creating a crater four feet by five feet' The uncle said' "It was the last shot fired in the civil war'"
    Isn't it amazing that 132 years after the end of the war, its weapons could still be alive and capable of destruction? Yet that seems to be the nature of war ..' Its effects linger on in the lives of people for many generations.
    One of the most famous pictures from world war h must surely be the photo of five valiant marines raising the American flag on Iwo Jima. The young man in the center of that photo was John Bradley.
    After the war he moved back to Wisconsin, married his high school sweetheart, and raised a family. Although he won a Navy Cross, like most of us, he preferred not to talk about the war.
    And he absolutely refused to accept the hero worship that others tried to force upon him. In response to remarks about his heroism, he replied; "The heroes of Iwo Jima are the guys who didn't come back."
    No, John, it's not just the dead who are the heroes. Death was too often just an accident of time and place. The hero was every last man who looked death in the face and, for the sake of a cause or a brother, stared it down
    Still' We do, yet today, honor those men who didn't come back ... Those who have left us in the intervening years ... They all gave their last full measure of devotion, Heroes All!
    It's interesting to see the concept of heroism coming back into fashion since last September. The editor of Esquire magazine wrote to over 200 prominent people asking them about their ideas on heroism. Most who wrote back said they weren't even sum what a hero was. Actor Paul Newman wrote, "I'm embarrassed, but I have no heroes that I know of.."
    What makes a hero? Is our culture so superficial that we no longer recognize heroic qualities? Pulitzer prize winner Daniel Boorstein said this about the difference between heroes who we don't recognize, and celebrities who we do'
    "Celebrities are people who make news, but heroes are people who make history* The qualities of heroism are Eternal .... Self-sacrifice '... Courage .,.. Duty .... Honor. Those qualities are God given.
    Author Harold Coyle once wrote; "No man is expected to be A hero every day. No soldier is expected to willingly march into every battle ready to die' We are not like that." Wrong. We were like that, every one of us. Every bitter day of that great battle we were heroes... Ready-to-die heroes.
Not wanting to die, but willing to die.., Especially for each other,
Heroes ... We just didn't know it.
The CUR 0/ the Golden Lion
Chaplain's Memorial Message...
Sgt. John Ellery of the 1st division wrote;
"My contribution to the heroic tradition of the U'S' Army may have been the
smallest achievement in the history of courage' But at least, fora time, / walked in
the company of some very brave men'"
    In the Bible there are two main words for love' We translate them both L-O-V-E' Phileo and agape' Phileo refers to brotherly love ''.An affectionate bond between people' Agape refers to unconditional, sacrificial love. Not once are we commanded to have just brotherly love toward one another, but repeatedly we are commanded to have agape' Sacrificial love' That's what heroism is made of ''' Agape ''' Sacrificial love.
    Newscaster Sam Donaldson, interviewing a young American private during desert storm, asked' "How do you think the coming battle will go ? Are you afraid?"
The private replied; "We'll do okay' I'm not afraid cause I'm with my family and we take care one another'"
    Do you think that private would be willing to lay down his life for those he called his family ? Of course he would' He would be called a Hero and Heroism is made of Agape'
    One of the most inspirational Memorial addresses related to The Battle of the Bulge, was delivered a year ago by General William E, Carlson. He spoke mostly about the average GPI. The Infantryman...
    The Brave Rifles, as we are called. He attributed victory not to the strategy of the High Command, but to the extraordinary valor of GI''s there on the battlefield.
Though these excerpts are long, they're worth hearing' All I've changed are a few pronouns;
    "You are the soldiers who, when your officers lay dead and your sergeants turned white, held the enemy at bay. For a brief moment in history, you men held our Nation's destiny in your hands' You did not fail us' You blew the trumpets that toppled the walls. Yours was the face of Victory ''.'
Victory in the greatest battle ever fought by the United States Army'
    But the cost of victory was high' There on that cold brutal field of battle 19,000 young Americans answered the Angels' trumpet call and had their rendezvous with death.
    We look into the mirror of the past and we remember them. In the muffled cadence of memory only, they go marching by, and we salute them'
    Over 23,000 American soldiers were captured during the heat of battle ''' Prisoners of war who staggered in tattered columns as they were marched to German Stalags' There they were forced to serve behind barbed wire in silence and with courage..' Each in his own way, until the war's end'
    Amid the serene hills of the Ardennes to this very day, reposes the dust of American soldiers listed as missing or unaccounted for' Those known only to God, who were left behind, never to return' There on that field of battle they perished and disappeared as though they had never been' History cannot record their deeds, for it knows not even their names'
    Look at you - old soldiers gathered here' You are yesterday's heroes' Veterans bound together with a bond as strong as right itself and as lasting as a lifetime'
    With your fellow warriors on that field of battle, you followed duty's call and lived the code of the soldier..' Duty.'' Honor... Country.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Chaplain's Memorial Message ....
    We look afresh into the mirror of the past as we come together each year, and we do remember. We all do remember. In the muffled cadence of memory, those comrades of old still march by,.. A ghostly battalion. In spirit we march with them as we marched long ago.
    In spirit we warm our hands at their campfires once again. We accept a welcome cigarette, And those times when they notice our hands shaking from the horrors of the day, they offer that secret bottle of Armagnac saying, 'Take a swig, buddy."
    Oh, we do remember the ghosts of yesteryear' Sometimes we wish they'd go away, those ghosts of yesterday, but they are as precious to us as we in this place are to each other. If they were to march out of our memories, we would be poorer indeed, and a vacant place would exist in our lives.
    Bt that will not happen. The ghosts of yesteryear will not march out of our lives. They all come back to us. Everything always comes back to us.
Sergeant George Thompson wrote;
"When I'm home by myself at night, it all comes back'
I'll hear the noises, the shells exploding. I stay awake thinking about it'"
    In the thousands of cemeteries throughout this land, and in the sacred plots of ground in cemeteries far from home, rest the remains of those ghosts of yesteryear.
They were our comrades, our companions. Our families... sometimes our saviors. God gave them to us.
    Over the entrance to one such cemetery in another land, these words appear 'Tell them we gave our today's for their tomorrows'"
Tomorrows are always bought with a price... and heroes are the ones who pay the price'
My brothers -
You are the heroes who, one terrible Winter long ago, made history... and bought the world a -Tomorrow." -
Dr. Duncan Trueman Chaplain
106th Infantry Division Association
Dr, Duncan Trueman, Chaplain, and wife Grace with John Schaffner newly elected 1st Vice-Pres,

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Front & Center . . .
CUB Editor's Report
John Kline, 423/M
11 Harold Drive
Burnsville, MN 55337-2786
Tele: 951-890-3155
Web site: http://www,mm,com \ user \ipk
Ernad: jpk mrn,com
Editor's Note:
    I am always making apologies for being late. The fact is, I am busier now than when I was working full time at my regular job' The Web Site takes a lot of my time' But we get a lot of new members from that site. So bear with me. If them is a "due date" that date is the middle month of the tri-month date stamp. Oct-Nov-Dec means I should mail
The CUB in November, etc.
    This issue contains a GREAT story by John Califf, 423/I&R Platoon, about his return to the battleground. It will be in two parts, one now, the next in the February issue.
    MARK YOUR CALENDER January 12, 2003. Watch Oliver North's WAR STORIES on the FOX Channel. 7:00 P.M. Central Time. I was honored to be interviewed and furnished some background
material for that show.
since Jul-Aug-Sep 2002 c
Your generosity is appreciated.
Daniel, Charles T. 2
Robert Edwards 25
John Gatens, 50
Elliott Goldstein 100
Thomas S. Hammer 25
Alan W. Jones, Jr. 150
Jonell Mehr 25
Burt Mullins 20
John R. Schaffner 50
William & June Streeter 10
James E. Wells 5
IN MEMORY of Bill Dahlen 59 I/SV
William & Barbara Stevens 25
Hearts and Flowers c/o Joan Whitney 25
John Roberts, 1st Vice President,
Nominations Committee Chairman and Mini-Reunion Chairman for the Michigan delegation wishes to REMIND all.
PLEASE notify on if you have any change of Address, Telephone Number, Area Code Number and/or ZIP Codes.
The cost to the Association is 2.16 for each CUB magazine that is returned because of a bum address.
    Best way to save us money is for you to be sure to send us your change of address. The other items are important also, They help us operate more efficiently, keep us from calling information for telephone numbers, etc.
AGAIN, any changes of address, phone numbers send those changes to the CUB editor/Membership Chairman
My address is under my photo in the second column ..... John Kline, Editor
(Re-up for LIFE $75,00)
and save the hassle,
Treasurer: Sherod Collins
440 Monroe Trace
Kennesaw, GA 30144

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Front & Center....
ve-reur+s use
In Stem, of Dale Carver
Poet Laureate of the 106th Int Disision Association
424/I IQ 3rd Bn ASP Platoon leader
Silver Star recipient 1945
61 pages - + S2.50 S8411
%Ruth Carver
742 Druid Circle
Ration Rouge, LA 70808
"Keep your men away from the wire," was all I wanted to say;
The guards are green and jumpy - there's going to be hell to pay."
At the sight of the broken commander, at his dumb look of despair,
humanity welled within me and I pitied him sitting there.
I saluted the colonel prisoner - I was a lieutenant then-
and said to him slowly in English, "Please sir, control your men.
Keep them away from the wire; already too many have died.
Though the war for you is over and you are on the loser's side,
duty still calls; stand on your feet.
I'll be a Man in victory; you be a Mon in defeat."
"You have lost a war; no malice I have won.
If there is a way I can help, call and I will come.
The future will demand from us the finest we can give;
both of us are Men, Sir; with courage we will live."
If you were a Prisoner of War and do not belong to AX-POW!
Life Membership Annual
Under 35 $360 Membership
36-50 $300 Single $ 30
51-60 $180 Husband & Wife $ 40
61 & Over $120
Spouse Life Member $ 40
For information on who we are and what we do, contact us at
American Ex-Prisoners of War
3201 E. Pioneer Parkway, Suite 40, Arlington, TX 76010
Fone: (817) 649-2979 * * Fax: (817) 649-0109
email: pow @

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Front & Center...
    Recognizing that every member of our Association cannot attend the annual reunion for various reasons, the next best thing is to have one in your own neighborhood' If you have ever thought that it would be fun to get together, have a nice meal, shoot the breeze with real friends, and go home realizing that you had a good time, then let me share with you how you can make it happen. Say to yourself, "I want to make that happen!"
I. Select a place that will host your group. Get prices and menu.
    2. Write or call our Cub Editor, John Kline, and request a list of Association members in your area. He will do that, and he will print sticky labels for you to use for a mailing or start off small if you want to and just telephone what appears to be the logical or interested members. Those that you call may call their buddies and the chain reaction begins.
    3. Do step 2 well in advance of the date, which is usually December 16th. Write a short letter of announcement indicating what to expect, the cost and a return of their intentions and a check to you by a specific date. Your meeting place will need to know how many to expect'
    4. If at all possible, provide someone to speak to the group. You will be surprised that many qualified speakers will jump at such an opportunity.
    5. After the meeting be sure to send John Kline, CUB editor, copies of the group photograph. Usually taken with a men's group and ladies group. It's also O.K, for a mixed group. Just be sure to identify the participants that are in the photo.
    I have organized mini-reunions for a few years now and have found that, after the first one, it is a piece of cake' Get someone to work with you. Associate members are not excluded from doing this. Look forward to encouraging results and know that fellow veterans will deeply appreciate the opportunity for such an enjoyable gathering.
There may be some questions or guidance needed,
If so, feel perfectly free to contact me at the above address, or telephone number,
Harry F. Martin, Jr'
National Mini-Reunion Chairman
106th Infantry Division Association
121 McGregor Avenue
Mt' Arlington NJ 07856

The CUB of the Golden Lion
106th Infantry Division Association - PX Items . . .
Send Order to our PX Manager John Gilliland, address below No credit cards - make your Checks payable to:
John Gilliland
140 Nancy Avenue
Boaz, AL 35957-6060
If you call seeking information please refer to the line number of the item listed below'
1. Cap, ball, mesh back, adjustable, 106th Logo/Washington $10.00 + $3,50 S&H
2. Cap, ball, mesh back, adjustable, 106th Logo/WW II Memorial $12.00 + $3.50 S&H
3. 106th shoulder Patch, duplicate of original, 21/2" $3,00 PP
4. Patch, pocket, etc, 106th Inf. Div. Assn., 4" $3,00 PP
5. Flag Set, US & 106th w/base, miniature (limited) $10,00 PP
6. Address Index, expandable, magnetic, credit card size,
w/106th Logo, Gold, Nice! $3.00 PP
7. Decal, 4", like 4" Patch, peel and stick $2.00 PP
8. Decal, 4"x 6", 106th Logo on Red & Blue Flag, peel & stick $2.00 PP
9. Decal, 4° x 10", Combat Infantry Badge (GIB), peel & stick $2.00 PP
10. Decal, 1-3/8", Lion's Head, 60 to sheet, peel & stick $3.00 PP
11. Lapel Pin, Hat, etc, St, Louis, w/106th Logo (15 left) $3,00 PP
12. Lapel Pin, Hat or tie or dress (raised Gold) in red & blue circle $3.00 PP
13. Lapel Pin, same as above - with bar and chain for tie tac, $4.00 PP
14. Scratch Pads, 5" x 8*, (50 sheets) w/106th Logo, Battles, etc. $3.00 PP
15. Planner, Two Year, pocket size, w/106th logo (Nice) $3.00 PP
16. Windbreaker, lined, Blue w/106th 4" patch on left front XL and XXL $ 25.00 + 4.50 S&H
    17. T/Shirt, Jerzees w/ colored Artist Photo of 106th Logo and WWII Memorial on front Med, Large and Xtra Large $12,00 - 2X $14.00 - 3X $15.00 Plus $3,50 S&H each
18. Colored Artist Photo, 8x10 inch, suitable for framing $2.00 each PostPaid
    Your choice showing: :1_ World War II Memorial 2,106th WWII locations, as detailed on Afghans. State your choice and how many you want, Order both at this low price.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
106th Infantry Division Association - PX Items .

Dark Lettering on
slightly dark Walnut
     Special arrangements have been made for Members, Associate Members and Families to purchase a beautiful laser, engraved walnut plaque showing membership or service in the 106th Infantry Division Association. There are two sizes available, 9" by 12" for $43.50 and 7" by 9" for $33.00.
    The Golden Lion Insignia on the 9" x 12" is 5" in diameter, on the 7" x 9" the Lion is 4 1/4" Price includes Preparation and Mailing.
There are three categories:
    Select one: Life Member, Member, Associate Member. Provide correct spelling of name to be engraved. Provide Date'in which member served in 106th Division.
Pay by Check, Money Order or Credit Card.
Checks or Money Orders should be made payable to: BUDGET SIGNS, TROPHIES AND PLAQUES.
    Credit Card Purchases should include the following: Type of Card, (Vi,a, MasterCard, Discoverdelivery, the sixteen (16) numbers from the Credit Card as well as the Expiration Date.
Orders with Checks, Money Orders or Credit Card Information should be MAILED to :
Marion Ray, Adjutant
704 Briarwood Drive Bethalto, IL 62010
Payable to: Budget Signs, Trophies and Plaques
Cost of Plaques includes Preparation and Mailing . Approximately 30 days delivery.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
56th Annual Reunion - Hampton, VA ....
106th Int Div Association - Treasurer's Report
July 1, 2001 - June 30, 2002
INCOME S22 714.90
Members Dues S 7,490.00
Life Dues 3,520.00
Auxiliary Dues 260.00
54,5 Bandon Surplus 4,555.62
Interest Ea25,385'84) 3,605.45
Donations 2,357.58
Sale of St. Vith Books 289.00
Sale of CU74,152'39 5.25
Sale of Labels 10.00
Sale of Memorabilia 410.00
Sale of Merchandise 212.00
EXPENSE 12531....1514
CUB Expense: $14,134.79
Printing S11,104.00
Mailing S 1,878.79
Layout S 1,152.00
Postage 1,700.00
Mailings (other): 1,176.65
Reunion Packets 5363.25
Reunion /Registration Letters 5445.00
Past Due Notices $368.40
Telephone 1,341.74
Office S3,520'00 1,936.08
Computer Parts 215.78
OGL Medal4,555'62 366.00
Flowers for Me3,605'45ervice 344.2,357'58
Copies 51.33
Liabilit289'00rance 520.00
Race Ex5'25itures 3,000.00
Bond for Treasurer 170.00
Cost of St. Vith Books 39212'00
Cost of Battle Book 30.25
GENERAL F$14,134'79TY
Brought Forw1,878'79,823.33
Inc1,152'00 Year S 22,714.90
Expenses this Year (-5 25,385.84)
TOTAL S 74,152.39
THIS YEAR S 74,152.39
LAST YEAR 5 76 823.33
(- 1,341'7494)
BANK BALANCES (June 30, 2002)
Main Street Bank (checking) S 1,339366'00
Edward Jones Co. (savings & CDs) $14_,Lus
TOTAL 5 76,151'33
AS OF JUNE 30, 2002:
520'00 of Life Members 778
Operational Funds Withdrawn170'00Savings during Year S 2,347.17

The CUB of the Golden Lion
56th Annual Reunion - Hampton, VA ....
The Order of the Golden Lion The ribbon is red, white and blue,
The medal either Gold, Silver or Bronze
Gold for Commander's Class Silver for Officer's Class
Bronze for Companion Class
    The terms "Commander" and " Office( have no military meaning as to rank or association to any prior holding of such rank. The award is for services rendered to the Division Association, after the war, However, the ranks do designate an order of commitment, Gold the highest; Silver and Bronze.
By John 0, Gilliland, Chairman
Order of the Golden Lion Award Committee
    Any recipient of the Order of the Golden Lion or any member of the Association Board may nominate a candidate for the Order of the Golden Lion (reference: pages 331-336 "The Cub of the Golden Lion: PASSES in REVIEW" or the "Officer's Field Book." The purpose of the Order of the Golden Lion, is to honor members who have rendered outstanding and exemplary service to "the Division" in peacetime, ie: President, member of the Board, Chairman of a Mini-Reunion or anything contributing to the welfare and enhancement of the membership for the Association,
    Nominations, with reasons for the award, must be submitted in writing, and be received by no later than May 1, 2003' Send to: John Gilliland
140 Nancy Avenue
Boaz, AL 35957-6060

The Order of the Golden Lion Medallion
Presented at the final banquet ceremony
of the 106th Infantry Division Association's
56th Annual Reunion
Hampton, Virginia Sept 17, 2002
This prestigious medal was awarded, to the following:
    Orfeo Agostini, President 1989-1990: Commander's Class - Gold John Gregory, President 1999-2000: Commander's Class - Gold
his wife Shirley, Companion Class - Bronze.
John Swett, President 1998- 1999: Commander's Class - Gold
Marion Ray, President 2000-2001: Commander's Class - Gold
Agostini and Swett were not present for this presentation'
(See page 19 for photographs)

The CUB of the Golden Lion
56th Annual Reunion - Hampton, VA ....
DIV/HQ 424/HQ 1
106 MP 4 424/AT 1
106 SIG 4 424/CN 2
424/SV 1
331 MED/HQ 1
331 MED/A 1 424/HQ 1BN 1
331 MED/C 1
424/B 4
424/C 2
424/D 8
422/HQ 1
422/AT 1
422/CN 2
424/HQ 2BN 1
422/HQ 1BN 1 424/E 4
424/F 3
424/G 3
422/A 422/B 422/C 422/D 2
424/HQ 3BN 1
424/1 424/L
422/HQ 2BN 1
422/F 81ST ENG/
81ST ENC/A 2
81ST ENG/B 5
422/HQ 3BN 1 Attached 1
422/1 2 401ST FAB
422/K 1
422/M 5
422/MED 1
589th FAB
589/A 4
589/B 3
423/HQ 3 590/HQ 3
423/CN 1 590/A 3
423/SV 1
591/HQ 2
423/HQ 1BN 2 591/SV 3
423/A 423/B 423/C 423/D 2 1
4 592nd FAB
10 1
592/C 592/SV 1
Grand Total 179
423/HQ 3BN 3
423/1 4
423/K 3
423/M 3
423/MED 2
Div/HQs & units 8
422nd 41
423rd 47
424th 34
81st Eng 7
589th FAB 7
590th FAB 6
591st FAB 5
592nd FAB 2
331 MED 3
Attached 1
Total Vets 179
Associates 18
Total Guests 157
Grand Total
Tours / Functions
Colonial 85
Air & Space 43
Thur Dinner 318
Men Luncheon 186
Friday Wharf 195
Sat Cruise 217
Sat Casmate 35
Sat Banquet 325
Registered 331

The CUB of the Golden Lion
56th Annual Reunion - Hampton, VA ....
Men's Business Luncheon
l/r: Mike Zenn, Eugene Timm,
Honor Guard at the Memorial Ceremony
Damon Young and David Hunter
Adda RIKKEN (L), John Driscoll
Richard Idstein (sitting) his wife Geraldine Idstein to the right, Driscoll is her brother
L/R Jim MMrs', Gifford Doxsee, Louis Grivetti
& Wayn Troxel
All former POWs from Slaughter House Five work Kommando
Murray and Mrs. Stein

The CUB of the Golden Lion
56th Annual Reunion - Hampton, VA ....
423/D Group -Tour Boat' Most had on special yellow shirts' UR on the photo to the right:
Ruth Yingst, Mike Zenn, Leona Hunter, Elaine Zenn, David Hunter and Mary Lou Marsh
Dinner Cruise Ship Vincent Gerard, his mother, Annne Marie Gerard
from Belgium and Virginia Strohmeier, wife of Bernard. 589/B
Adda R1KKEN, GOUVY, Belgium left,
President elect John and Lillian Schaffner
Part of 589th group, standing 1/r unknown,
Roy Burrnesiter. Sitting Jesica Kuizema,
Virginia - Bernard Strohnieler,
Nick Spagnolia
POW Display Desk
Paul Boschert (standing) Wendell
Hoffrnaster and Doris Jenks POW NSO
and Roy Burmeister facing camera
Some of the excellent orchestra players, that
wandered through the dinner crowd. A
fantastic young group of musicians
they made your heart sing

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Various WWII Rifles and personal lir Light and Heavy Machine gun
equipment and BAR rifle

Schortemeyer/ Michael Pumphrey Army Equipment Display Associate members
56th Annual Reunion - Hampton, VA ....
Donald Herndon,424/L furnished a great
map display for the troops
Foot locker w/ Pinups Wowl
Bazooka Grenades
U.S. Army Field Phone
Donald Herndon w/ refreshments

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Silver Springs Orchestra
A fantastic young group presented Strings, during final banquet meal
banquet entertaintment
    The orchestra members made their way through A young country dancer getting prepared the diners during the final closing banquet to do her stuff
Pat Homan, white hair, wife of Bob Homan
    Another young country dancer doing her Homan,424/D, center, behind the dancer in a stuff! Donna Lee, our Armed Forces white shirt, and Ann Marie Keech, flowered
Reunions Coordinator dress. right, daughter of CWO Stan
    Bachmurskl, 401st FAB doing their stuff! Thanks to all you, for all the 56th Annual Reunion photographs. I could have filled The CUB with the numbers of photos I received. If your photos were not used, it doesn't mean that they were not appreciated. If I missed you in the followingappreciated,ase let me know, I will give you special credits in the next CUB magazine.
    Photographers: Wayman Troxel, 422/Amagazine, Massey, 422/C; George Peros, 590/A: Herb Sheaner, 422./G; John Gillespie, 422/C; Al Vitali, 424/B; Victor Breite, 422/I;
    William Yingst, 423/D; William Ivy, 422/H; Rinard Davis, 422/H0 3Bn; James Mills, 423/I; Adda/Willy RIKKEN, Associates, Belgium; Frank Koehler, 424/D; Ray Twardzik, 106 SIG; Donald Herndon, 424/L. Special thanks to the GI's in the WWII display room,
    John Schortemeyer and Mike Humphrey, for the opportunity to view and photograph the real thing. Allows us to "show and tell" at home and say, "That's the weapon, uniform or equipment I used in WWII." Thanks John and Mike for your dedicatiWWII,"us guys from WWII.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
56th AnnuWWII,union - Hampton, VA .
p 454!
New Members ....
7441 MARGARET AVE, WEST OLIVE, NY 49560, Tele: 616-399-6455
    Retired from the construction business. Mission work with the Methodist VIMers. Else, when home, I'm a beach bum, living on the shore of Lake Michigan.

419 Hiway 3408 Blackey, KY 41804

5238 RIVER PARK VILLA DRIVE, ST. AUGUSTINE, FL 32092, Tele: 904-284-5250


1801 E WALNUT ROAD VINELAND, NJ 08361 Tele: 856-692-7410


PO BOX 14338 COLUMBUS, OH 43214-0338




23109 GLENBROOK, ST CLAIR SHORES, MI 48082, Tele: 586-296-5851

109 VIRGINIA STREET E ST ALBIN, WV 25177 Tele: 304-727-7959
    After I was captured we marched several miles day and night. We were put on a train, were horses had been' The train was parked on a siding and we were bombed that night. I was a small guy and they put me through a window. I opened the doors, with some help from some other GI' No one was hurt. Now if anyone remembers the name of the pills we got to give us a appetite at Camp Lucky Strike, France' I can sure use some. I weighed 79 pounds when I got out of Stalag 9B at Bad Orb

66 BROOKSIDE DRIVE, NORTH KINGSTON, RI 02852, Tele: 401-884-4877
    In a letter to Sherod Collins Jonell wrote: "My husband, Joseph Mehr, 424/I passed away Nov 2,2001. We lost the love of our life and a true warrior. I related some of the things to John but not all. Just numerous big battles this man endured during his lifetime' He was always so exuberant and happy.
Editor's note: Julien, it mu nice to see you in Hampton. J. Kline

1005 LOVELACE RD, PELHAM, NC 27311-8511, Tele: 336-388-2336
    I think of myself as a "Bulge Buff" I am planning another trip to the Ardennes and would like to meet people that were there. I was at the 2002 Reunion in Hampton.

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New Members...

Tele: 949-673-9194

LUMBERTON, TX 77657-6845

Tele: 409-755-1043 5711 HENRY BAILEY RD, BUFORD, GA 30518

5201 RAYMOND ST NHCU ORLANDO, FL 32803 Tele: 407-629-1599

Awarding The Order of the Golden Lion (OGL)
See Page 12.
Sherod Collins OGL Committee-man presenting John Gregory
Past-President 1999-2000
the OGL Commander's Class
and his wife
Shirley the OGL Companion
Class for services rendered to
the 106th Infantry Division
Joseph Maloney, sitting
President 2001-2002.
At the closing banquet of the
56th Annual Reunion,
Hampton, VA, Sept 2002
Marion Ray, Past-President
year 2000-2001
with his OGL Commander's Class
presented in the same ceremony as
above, The 56th Annual Reunion of the
106th Infantry Division Association,
Hampton, VA Sept 2002
Gus Agostini, President
Year 1989-1990
John Swett, President
Year 1998-1999
were also awarded the Order of the
Golden Lion, Commander's Class, but
were unable to be present for the
(See page 12 for details on the
Order of the Golden Lion,)

The CUB of the Golden Lion

AURORA, CO 80014-3710
Tele, 303-632-7051

John Califf, 423rd Infantry l&R Platoon

The CUB of the Golden Lion


Return and Remembrance, John Califf, 423rd Infantry, MR Platoon
423rd Infantry Regimental Headquarters
I&R Platoon 1944
Oil FP
423rd INF'RSC'T 106th INF.DIV.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Return and Remembrance, John Califf, 423rd Infantry, I&R Platoon
    Interesting Mil, from tourism brochures end a ea. cpioe hove peen t•ztuded nere to itusumte some of the htotmation mentioned in the text T. larger scale maps follow show, speafic areas wnere the 101^In Infantry Division Arid trbo 423rd I&R and CorreNIrry A/424 weft, involve.
Where it happened

The CUB of the Golden Lion

From a Michelin tour map, locations, above, mentioned in this story are marked with black
dots. Are„'.c7'1led are shown later in this story at a larger scale.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
General dots,of 106th Infantry Division activity in late December 1944scale,arly January 1945.
. _

From WANDERKARTE Nr. 17 des Eifelvereins,
Cartographer: KEB Landkarten, 56075 Koblenz, Germany
Printed by: Bastian Druck (Bastian Printers) 54347 Neumagen-Dhron
    A popular hikers map depicting the area of the Ardennes where the 106th Infantry Division was in place during early December 1944. A beautiful full color map showing all the hiking and
nature trails in the area. Also available in local book stores in that area.
This portion of Wanderkarte Nr. 17 shows thNr,23rd regimental area.
Note: 423rd headquarters was located in Buchet east northeast of Bleialf

The CUB of the Golden Lion
,*7-4t., lowly
    My return trip to the Ardennes, which resulted in this endeavor, was made possible by my son Rob. Either of my other two sons John and Jim, or my daughter Sis, surely would have done likewise had such an opportunity arisen for them
    With great patience my wife Sarah survived my greater impatience and bad temper to give me enough knowledge about the computer for this production.
    Henri Rogister, CRIBA, made the arrangements for our tour and spent two days getting Rob and me through the snow, joined at times by Anne Marie Simon and Karl Noel and Christian Kraft de la Saulx. Adda and Willy Rikken welcomed us with warmth and food on a frigid night. Henri, Ann Marie and Karl along with Adda and Willy also spent much time and effort in providing many of the photos and maps shown here as did John Kline, editor of The Cub, the 106th Association quarterly'
    Wesley Johnston, son of a 7th Armored Division veteran, supplied its combat interviews pertaining to the Bulge which helped to verify the participation of the 423rd l&R platoon in the action at St.Vith.
    And my old I&R friend Dick Sparks reinforced Sarah in prodding me along to finish getting this material together after much procrastination on my part.
    Just surviving life in the ranks of the army was quite a struggle for one of my nature, but far worse was being in the midst of the greatest American battle and biggest preliminary setback of World War II in Europe. For many years afterward my only wish was to forget the army and the Bottle of the Bulge, not to mention snow and freezing weather.
    Then, as retrospective articles and books about that momentous event began to appear, my interest awakened and I started to collect material pertinent to it. Sometimes my thoughts would turn to the fellows who had been in the 423rd I&R ( Intelligence and Reconnaissance ) Platoon of the 106th Infantry Division, At the time of my assignment in the summer of 1944 at Camp Atterbury, Indiana, it had twenty-four interesting individuals, some in established cliques, but there was an overall friendly spirit and sense of pride binding all of us together' As the last man to join the group, I found several kindred souls and got along without any major problems. Just how I wound up there is another story, but the I&R was a good place for me at that time.
    For more than forty years after returning to civilian life, I never heard a word from anyone in the I&R or the 106th, except for an exchange of letters in 1945 with Sam Davis, our company commander who had been a senior at Clemson my freshman year. Then during dinner one Sunday in the summer of 1989 a phone call came from Sam who had tracked me down through Clemson connections. He urged me to attend an upcoming reunion of the division.
    Reluctance and health problems prevented attendance at that time, but Sam sent me a copy of an account of the exploits of the I&R platoon written by Dick Sparks while he was awaiting his discharge. Included in his account was my long forgotten sketch of a platoon emblem which we had wanted to paint on our jeeps. Reading Dick's account of our experiences altered my memories which had been rather distorted by trauma and bitterness and I looked forward to the 1990 reunion. It proved to be a most meaningful occasion, full of sentiment and camaraderie'

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    Somewhere there must be a study of war veterans which shows interest in the recall of wartime experiences and reunion with comrades to be rather low until about the age of sixty, then increasing and peaking in their early seventies' Such was our experience. Newsletters from Dick Sparks and The Cub, the publication of the division association, helped to create interest and attendance grew at the yearly reunions. Only three of the group have not attended at least once. In 1994 the peak for the I&R was reached when twelve of the sixteen living members showed up for the 106th reunion here in Columbia and held a get-together at our house.
    In 1991 Dick Sparks expanded his account to include information from some of the others and printed the result as A Walk Through the Woods. Then Al Shoffit sent us a copy of the journal that he had kept during our training days at Camp Atterbury and an account of his experiences as a prisoner of war' These efforts made me think about putting together some of the material that I had been collecting to serve as a supplement to them in rounding out our story.
    Stories abounded in The Cub about men from the division who had returned to the scenes of their ordeals in Belgium and Germany, guided by Belgians from that remarkable organization CRIBA. At several of our reunions there was some talk about going on such an expedition together, but nothing ever came of the idea' My son Rob, a cardiologist and director of the Clinical Research Institute at the Duke University Medical Center' had been working on medical studies which included Belgian doctors and went over there at intervals for consultations. We had talked about the possibility of my going with him sometime and venturing down to the Ardennes, but no definite plans had ensued'
    Then in the fall of 1998 Rob called and said that he had a conference in Brussels that December and wanted me to go with him. My acceptance was not made without some apprehension about being over there in the Ardennes during winter, but it proved to be a really great experience. This album contains an account of the trip and photographs taken then, woven in with material both from my collection and from my Belgian CRIBA friends who continue to send interesting information, thus giving me a valid reason for my procrastination in completing this effort. Much of the material from the album has been reproduced in a different format for the men of the platoon, family and friends.
    One of a hundred divisions authorized in November 1942, the 106th Infantry Division was formally activated at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, in the following March. A classic Roman lion's head in gold on a blue circular background rimmed with white and red was adopted as the division insignia and the troops were known as the Golden Lions. After ten months of basic and unit training there, it successfully completed winter maneuvers in Tennessee. Now at the height of its training efficiency, it was judged to be ready for battle and with some 13,000 men moved to Camp Atterbury, Indiana, to await shipment to a theater of operations.
    Then came a sudden change in plans. With mounting battle casualties in Europe and the Pacific the Army from April through August of 1944 ordered 7,000 of these unit-trained men from the 106th to be sent overseas as replacements.

The CUB of the Golden Lion

    Their places were taken by participants in disbanded specialized and flight training programs, personnel from replacement depots and volunteers from coast artillery, antiaircraft, military police and service forces. With only two months of retraining incorporating these newcomers, the division left for Europe in October.
    After a brief encampment in the English Cotswolds it made a rough crossing of the Channel in the first few days of December and landed at Rouen. Then in miserable weather it proceeded across France and Belgium to the front lines just across the
I border in Germany. On December 11th this newly composed outfit replaced the
    veteran 2nd Infantry Division "man for man and gun for gun" along an overextended twenty-two mile front, almost five times the recommended divisional coverage, in the most vulnerable part of the Allied line from the North Sea down across Holland, Belgium and France.
    The undertraining and the overextension of the 106th in this vital location, compounded by the lack of combat experience of its troops from its commander Major General Alan W' Jones down through the ranks, put the division at a disadvantage against the German breakthrough,
    In accordance with the Army tables of organization of that time the 106th Division had three infantry regiments - the 422nd, 423rd and 424th - along with artillery, engineer, medical and service components' Commanding the 423rd was Colonel Charles C. Cavender, who had been an enlisted man in WW I and was known to many of his troops as "Parade Rest Charlie'"
    Each of these regiments had three infantry battalions, an attached battalion of division artillery and cannon, anti-tank, service, medical and headquarters companies. In addition to the colonel, the regiment also had an executive officer and other staff officers in charge of its many functions. The working personnel for operations,
    communications, motor pool and intelligence were organized in headquarters company. The staff officer for the intelligence function was a major designated as the S2 and had a platoon at his disposal to do the work.
    Commanded by a first lieutenant with the assistance of a platoon sergeant and a radio chief, this intelligence and reconnaissance platoon was composed of two squads of twelve scout-observers, drivers and radiomen. It carried out patrols for the S2 near and behind enemy lines on foot and in jeeps with mounted radios and .50 caliber machine guns. In the 423rd many of the original platoon members lost in the replacement fiasco were succeeded by men from the abandoned specialized training programs with high scores on the standardized Army IQ tests.

The CUB of the Golden Lion

    Rob's overseas trips are usually very tightly scheduled - overnight flight, ride from airport to hotel, conference at hotel, ride back to airport, flight home, On this occasion, however, he allowed an extra day after the conference so that he could go with me on part of the journey into the Ardennes. This meant two and a half days in Belgium and a tight schedule of my own to be worked out.
    A close study of the area on a Michelin road map resulted in a logical division of the expedition. After an arrival at noon the first afternoon would be spent seeing some of Brussels, then St.Vith would be the crucial point for the next two days with the first day in the towns, hamlets and countryside to the east and the second in those to the west.
    Accomplishing this goal would not have been possible without the help of the Belgian organization CRIBA "Centre de Recherches et d'Informations sur la Bataille des Ardennes" which means "Center of Research and Information on the Battle of the Bulge" [never Bulge in Belgium The 106th Cub magazine often praised it for, in addition to collecting material on the battle, taking returning veterans back to the places where they had been in 1944-45. When contacted through e-mail about my proposed itinerary, the secretary of CRIBA, Henri Rogister, immediately responded that it could be accomplished and detailed planning and coordination were carried though e-mail, somewhat easing my resistance to that medium.
In October 1944 our transatlantic
crossing had been made on the Queen
Elizabeth, awesome in size and
magnificence, but packed with more
than 15,0()0 troops. In December 1998
    it was first class on an American Airlines 767 with luxurious space and seating, gourmet meals, constant attention and VIP lounges' It will be hard to face future air travel "on the other side of the curtain'"

The CUB of the Golden Lion
1944: With my brother and our dog before going
1998: Looking over a map of the Bulge area with
Rob, my son, before returning there,

    Quite by coincidence, during that summer we had seen a large scale model of the Queen Elizabeth' at least thirty five feet long, in the lobby of a Myrtle Beach seafood restaurant. It was accurate down to the rivets and while studying it, a most personal experience on that spectacular ship came to mind. Our advance party from the 106th was one of several small groups aboard along with a full division of some 14,000 men. Somewhere along that seemingly endless stretch of deck rail was the spot where I had been when an ex-roommate at Clemson just happened to come up and lean on the railing next to me. Neither of us had known that the other was on board' We had stayed there and talked as long as we could, then reluctantly went back to our units' We never saw each other again; like more than ten percent of his classmates, L'O. Matthews didn't get back home'
    The ocean voyage was marked by the constant vibration of the powerful engines and the odd rolling sensation of the hull in the water' Then one morning when we awoke the great vessel was still and the only noise was the raucous cries of seagulls coming through the portholes open to the harbor of Greenock, Scotland.
    Inside of Captain Benjamin's, the Queen Elizabeth, huge even as a model, lay still forever. As we stepped outside, the cries of the seagulls echoed those of more than a half century ago' And my thoughts turned to L.O. and to the countless others who had made a one way ocean voyage.
    Our flight to Brussels was uneventful, except for my experiencing the increasing luxury of first class travel as mentioned before. We left Chicago late at night and approached the North Sea coastline of Belgium in the morning. It was a strange, linear vista with the vertical cranes of the docks and shipyards separating the flat gray surface of the sea from the flat green surface of the land.
    When we landed around noon, the sun had faded and there was a light dusting of snow to welcome me back. At the terminal we were met by a driver in a Mercedes Limo and whisked through the city to the Hotel Conrad International on the stylish Avenue Louise, the posh shopping area for clothing, antiques, chocolates and such' The Conrad had a sleek contemporary interior behind the classic facade of an 1865 mansion.
    With only half of a snowy afternoon left in which to see the sights of Brussels we decided to concentrate on the old Lower Town, known as "The Heart of Brussels", containing the celebrated Mannekin Pis, the magnificent Grand'Place and the Centre Beige de la Bande Dessinee (Belgian Comic Strip Museum).
    As we arrived at the Mannekin Pis, (see next page) the world famous bronze figure of a chubby little boy urinating into a fountain, it was decorated for Christmas and a crowd was standing around it listening to a brass quartet. Regarded as the city's oldest and most celebrated citizen, it was erected in 1377 as a public water source and has become a symbol of the Belgians' indifference to authority. For hundreds of years costumes have been given for it, some from kings and queens. They are displayed in a showroom close by and put on the statue on special occasions.
A narrow street alongside the fountain wound away for several blocks before
suddenly bursting into the gilded splendor of the Grand'Place, perhaps Europe's most
ornate public square, Faced on all four sides with elaborate Baroque facades and the

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Return and Remembrance, John Catiff, 423rd Infantry, l&R Platoon
    Gothic tower of the town hall, this vast open space is the site of historical pageants, ceremonies, concerts, flower ,a markets and seasonal celebrations like this one at Christmas time' The area was filled with rustic booths selling all sorts of holiday items and
, food' Shiny lights and decorations reflected off of the surrounding gilded facades.
Snow began to fall as young people rushed along gaily and older folk strolled by.
It was truly a beautiful place of history being used for the benefit of the people'
It is most fitting that amidst the general nonchalance which prevails in
A Christmas concert with Mannekin-Pis,
Belgium's most famous citizen,
    Belgium, the comic strip should be regarded as an art form, housed in a museum which itself is an example of an art form, the Art Nouveau. A taxi took us into one of the commercial areas of the city and there standing out amidst some grimy mundane buildings were the flamboyant swirls and curves of the museum which Victor Horta had originally designed to house the showrooms of a hardware merchant before World War I. The interesting interior spaces had been skillfully adapted for museum use' My Mercury station wagon with its similar curving lines would have looked just right on display in the lobby'
    That night at the hotel there was a "walk-around" dinner, a buffet with two dozen hot and cold dishes and seven desserts from all regions of the country varying from delicious to unusual, such as
Brussels' Grand place, a magnificent setting
for many varied events,

The CUB of the Golden Lion

    eels and rabbits cooked in beer' The table conversation with Rob's colleagues from several European countries was most interesting and their regard for him quite rewarding to me'
    About the size of Maryland, Belgium is divided into three parts by ethnic and lingual differences' To the north next to Holland in Flanders, Flemish, a derivative of Dutch, is spoken and in the southern region, Wallonia, the inhabitants have Walloon, a derivative of French' The Eastern Cantons, a much smaller area , once the western border of Germany and now the eastern border of Belgium, of course, speak German. The three areas overlap and many people speak two languages, some three.
    Brussels lies in the overlapping region between Flanders and Wallonia and is a bilingual city with separate radio, television and newspapers in Flemish and French and commercial and public signage in both. This bilingual quality was quite evident the next morning with the TV and papers displaying big black headlines, La Neige in French, and those short, odd words in Flemish, with predictions of the heaviest snowfall in many years, particularly in the Ardennes' A repeat of that fiendish winter of 1944-45 had been just waiting for my return.
    Henri had written me to take an early train to Liege and go in his car to the Ardennes' He had confirmed this plan in a telephone conversation the night before, but after looking out at the deepening snow in the hotel courtyard and getting the weather reports, I put in another call' He was not at all concerned' "Come on' I will be at the station". That was to be his unflappable attitude throughout the trip which eased my apprehension about driving conditions'
    My taxi (a smaller Mercedes) slushed through six inches of snow to the Bruxelles Midi station where my introduction to the sensible European rail travel system began. The Midi station was a cavernous structure with heavy steel arches curved in a modern industrial version of Art Nouveau. Trains to and from Liege came at half hour intervals; my ticket was for the 7:21' A great little bakery in the station provided hot coffee and fresh rolls right out of the oven' At exactly 7:21 the train pulled up and off we went on the sixty mile ride to Liege.
    The coaches were clean with no graffiti and had comfortable seating and fold-down tables for eating and working, good features for the majority of the passengers who appeared to be students going back and forth between the universities in Brussels, Leuven and Liege' Even at that early hour, they were as lively and spirited as they had been on the night before in the Grand'Place, Accenting their attire were long woolen scarfs looped nonchalantly around their necks and over their shoulders' They chatted with much animation in French and Flemish and both the automated digital signs at each end of the coach and the vocal announcements before each stop were in both languages for the railroad route ran through the ancient province of Brabant where the Flemish and Walloon peoples merged.
    Outside the snow deepened with each mile and covered the undulating expanse of open land between the cities, interrupted only by the church steeples rising above the rooftops of scattered villages' Peasants hard at work or play would have created a living Breughel landscape, but the only human activity seen from the train window in this 20th century panorama was a small group of young men spinning a VW around on an icy parking lot'

The CUB of the Golden Lion

    Right on time the train arrived in Liege and there waiting on the platform was Henri' When we got into his little subcompact, the snow was up to its hubcaps' Henri's radio had reported that it was still falling in the Ardennes, but off we went, true to his word' The thirty five mile ride to St'Vith was on the autoroute or motorway, the equivalent of the German autobahn or our interstate, with four lanes of concrete well curved and banked with continuous overhead lighting and only necessary informational signage' As we progressed, the terrain became familiar, much more hilly with increasing forest coverage, both small "Christmas" trees and the tall, brooding pines and firs' Low dark clouds, fog and intermittent falling snow added to the well-remembered scene from another winter fifty four years ago
    As we pulled into St.Vith though, nothing was familiar' The war had almost totally destroyed the town and it had been rebuilt in a new minimal style' German speaking CRIBA members Anne Marie Simon and Karl Heinz Noel met us there for the trip eastward into the Eifel area and we all went into a nearby bakery for coffee and pastries before setting out' Looking out of the window, the realization hit me that we were sitting right across from the corner where the I&R platoon had been overrun by the German panzer attack on the night of December 21, 1944' Before we headed out of
    town for the little hamlet of Bucket where our adventure had begun back then, we found some more familiar places which will be told about in the overall story on St.Vith'
    The winding road ran through the Prilmerbeig Wald, a thick, gloomy forest of tall evergreens, one of many which covered this area where we had bivouacked on the way to the front lines. There in his own inexplicable way, Gnome Mowery, the platoon scapegoat, had lost his cartridge belt and made quite a fuss, thinking that we had hidden it I could see him now wandering through the trees, cursing and muttering. A sharp bend in the road was accented where the snowy haze was lifting and I expected to see a Gennan tank come around it creaking and clattering, flanked and followed by grenadiers with burp guns. Nearby was a memorial to an engineer battalion which had made a valiant stand when the Pawns had come through this forest.
    Further on, we broke out into more open countryside and passed through Bleialf which had been hit hard by the initial German attack and apparently had been rebuilt and expanded' Two roads from behind the German lines converged in Bleialf and ran north across the sector to the Losheim Gap making its control essential to the movement of supplies, armor and artillery' The I&R had sent out a jeep patrol to try and make contact with Cannon Company which had been cut off there, but we couldn't get through to them and a short time later they were overwhelmed'
Road through through the Prumerberg Wald
on which the Tigers came Into town.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Return and Remembrance, John Catiff, 423rd Infantry, l&R Platoon
    A mile to the north we reached Buchet where the 423rd Regiment j•'" had been headquartered' The little cluster of houses and barns had not It, changed very much in half a
    century; however, the road which had run in front of the schoolhouse where the I&R stayed now was behind it and the schoolyard had become a thicket' For a moment the picture called up from my memory became confused, but on
the exterior the schoolhouse ••
looked the same, except for the
addition of a covered terrace at the The front of the schoolhouse
rear and a cover on the front dormer' as seen from the 1944 roadbed'
    A freestanding structure with restrooms had been built near the schoolhouse before it had been abandoned due to consolidation of the schools in the area. The family of Frau Helga Hagen then occupied it, living upstairs as had the schoolmaster before, with her husband using the old schoolroom downstairs for some computer related business' At its location on a current map a symbol labeled Hutte mit Fluerstelle (barbecue hut) is shown' Rolled umbrellas and stacked tables on the terrace bore this out.
    The front steps and landing leading to the arched entry way, deeply recessed in the blank wall, brought to mind another coincidence related to my wartime experience' Quite by chance, some ten years after the platoon had been at the schoolhouse, I met a colonel who had served in postwar Germany with Ike Long and had gone back to Buchet with him and had taken a snapshot of him standing on that landing with the arch in the background'
    Perhaps in her early forties, Frau Hagen was the only person in the village who spoke English and she was very friendly, allowing us to look around inside on the main floor' The tan and maroon hexagonal tiles extending into the stairwell were still there as well as the curving stair, but the typical European water tap in the corner had been replaced with an odd stove encased in stone.The classroom's high coved ceiling had retained its elaborate plaster decoration' The floor was covered with computer equipment and catalog stacks, eliminating the chances of getting any decent pictures'
    The terrain out beyond the schoolyard looked much as it did, open hillside falling down to thick tree lines, behind which had been the bunkers, gun emplacements and tank traps of the Siegfried Line and the Germans' Snow now covered any vestiges of the observation dugouts from which we surveyed this landscape for anything that moved' There were some sightings, mostly imaginary'

The CUB of the Golden Lion

This house in Buchet had been Ernest Hemingway's Schloss Homingstein
before it was the 423rd Command Post
    In Buchet there was another building of interest, not only to us, but now also to the literary world. It was an old farmhouse with attached barn which had been used as regimental headquarters' Present day villagers are proud of it because of its association with Ernest Hemingway, who according to a plaque on the wall, had stayed there as a war correspondent with the 4th Infantry Division when it captured this area which was just across the German border. In Battle of the Bulge Danny Parker says that Hemingway nicknamed the house "Schloss Ilcmingstein" and surrounded himself there with booze and AWOL literary types who called themselves "Hemingway's Irregulars", One officer recalled that the writer always offered you a drink and never turned one down, Once I was assigned there to work on some maps. Perhaps Hemingway had written his reports on the table where I worked. If I had known at the time that he had been there, I would have looked around for something that he may have left behind. The only thing of interest that I could find was some Nazi stationery with the swastika emblem and the names of local party officials on its letterhead'
    From Buchet we had planned to retrace the route of the I&R through the Eifel back to St'Vith, but it was apparent that the snow clearing effort by government and local farmers was steadily declining on the backroads between the smaller villages, Henri and Karl's expert driving kept us going, though, on north to Halenfeld. Somewhere along here, on December 18, 1944, we had pulled our jeeps off the road and Ike had taken a bottle of White Horse Scotch out of his knapsack for everyone to have a swig for reinforcement before we made our dash into the unknown. Since it was my birthday' the little bit remaining in the bottle was my present. Now on my birthday every year there is a toast to the men of the I&R with a nip of White Horse Scotch.

The CUB of the Golden Lion

    Then we had moved up through Oberlascheid to Radscheid where,we had made contact with the regiment and were ordered to set up a roadblock, which had consisted only of a fallen tree covered by our small arms and .50 caliber machine guns on our jeeps and a disabled half-track Fortunately, it was not tested by enemy armor. My recall is that there was heavy tree growth bordering the road and the little cluster of houses, but this had changed.
    A splendid German map furnished by Anne Marie Simon showed that the Eifel area now was in the Deutsh Bchanged'r Naturpark and was crisscrossed with hiking and bike trails and peppered with symbols denoting the presence of flowers, butterflies, rabbits, wild boars and even wolves. The West German government had instituted a postwar land use program, clear cutting some of the forests for crops and grazing. Apparently, the trees around Radscheid had been taken out and now little was recognizable, but as we approached the intersection of the road from Radscheid with Skyline Drive, it was obvious that the roadblock had been along there. Off to the left was the farm road known as the "Engineers' Cutoff' used to escape detection and shelling and the logging trail where we had to abandon our vehicles under fire to avoid capture after seeing the regiment surrender in the valley below, much to our dismay. Separated from our comrades and friends by enemy troops, the platoon had cut back towards Oberlascheid where we found some other remnants of the 422nd and 423rd which had also been cut off. One of these units was lost in a pointless attack against the Germans and another joined up with the I&R in our attempt to get through to St. Vith IMPASSABLE ROADS IN THE PRESENT
    Now the secondary roads towards the north were impassable and Henri and Karl kept on the main road to Auw which ran between Laudesfeld and Schlausenbach around which we had walked in 1944. My hopes of retracing at least a few hundred yards of our venture to St.Vith on foot were dashed by weath1944'nditions similar to those which had not stopped us then.

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A view through the falling snow from Skyline Drive over the . toward the surrender area of the 423rd Regiment.

    Auw was the northernmost point of our tour through the Eifel. We stopped for lunch at a gasthaus across the road from the village church whose cemetery held the graves of German soldiers from the area killed in the battle' Mostly older or younger than their American adversaries, they ranged in age from the lower teens to the upper fifties. Inside the gasthaus some locals gathered by the window, having seen the Belgian license plates on our cars and heard our conversations in English and French, glared at us with the same sullen looks as had their predecessors.
    With the snowfall becoming heavier we headed back to St.Vith through Schonberg, which the ill-fated 422nd and 423rd Regiments had never reached. Along the way we passed shiny white on blue or black on yellow road signs which had replaced the wartime black and white wooden ones, but which had directional arrows pointing the same little places of great significance back then.
Fox Movietone news: Featured Irish Sheehan, Sam Bordelon and Ike Long, Bob Brendlinger shown
behind them, copied from one of the many television shows on the 50th Anniversary of the Bulge.
    As we moved along the road from Schonberg to St.Vith, we were a bit south of the route that the I&R had taken moving forward with the enemy troops who were jamming the roads westward on foot and in trucks and armored vehicles' Trying to get through this area, in addition to the 18th Volksgrenadier Division with its attached 244th Sturmgeschiitz (low slung assault gun) Brigade, were the Fiihrer Escort Brigade and the 9th SS Panzer Division, headed for St.Vith and beyond.
    Composed of men from a disbanded grenadier unit, a Luftwaffe field division and naval outfits, the 18th VG was formed in September 1944 when German infantry divisions were reorganized with greater firepower compensating for less manpower' These successors to the old line infantry outfits are often confused with the Volksturm, the local home guard. In spite of its varied composition, the 18th was among the best of the Volksgrenadier divisions and had been on the front lines in the Eifel since arriving from Denmark in October.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Map from a German publication showing breakthrough and spearheads
    The Fuhrer Escort Brigade was organized in 1939 as a motorized guard battalion for Hitler's headquarters and had been upgraded to regimental and then brigade status as a combat unit' Led by one of the dictator's few favorites in the regular army, Oberst Otto Remer, this brigade included an antiaircraft unit of 88's, a Sturmgeschutz battalion and a battalion each of MkIV tanks and grenadiers from the crack GrossDeutschland Panzer Division. These troops still wore their GD arm patches and misled Allied intelligence which assumed that the entire GD Division had been moved from the Russian front' Though a regular army outfit, the Escort Brigade was receive superior equipment equal to that of the elite SS organizations. At the war's end it was one of the last holdouts against the Russians in Berlin.
    The 9th SS "Hohenstaufen" Panzer Division was one of the best in Hitler's "private army" and had fought in the West since Normandy where it suffered heavy losses in men and equipment' It had since been rebuilt and had on the roads a formidable force of 32 MkIV and 49 MkV tanks, 28 tank destroyers, 28 Sturmgeschutz and a werfer (screaming meemie) battalion'

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    Swinging to the north and then to the west the I&R had run into these forces at night on roads leading from Andler, yelling and singing the Nazi marching songs-a Hollywood movie in reality' General Hasso von Manteuffel, commander of the Fifth Panzer Army, had assigned the Escort Brigade to provide armored support to the 18th VG in its attack on St'Vith and the 9th SS was planning to cut through above the town. Next day when the platoon had stopped in a wooded spot to rest, it was surprised by a group from one of these armored units which set up a command post in the surrounding area' Our escape from this dangerous situation was nothing short of miraculous and we continued on, now caught in between enemy and friendly artillery fire, but knowing that we were getting close to our lines. The other group from the 106th which had come with the I&R from Oberlascheid then got separated in the dense forest which suddenly ended at the edge of a large open space beyond which the western sky was lit with continuous flashes from American artillery.
    A combat interview from Company B of the 33rd Armored Engineer Battalion contains a verification of the arrival of these men at its positions along the Aachener Strasse on the northeastern outskirts of the town: "About 2300, a body of men was observed moving across the front. Not wishing to give away their positions, the engineers withheld their fire. The men crossed the road and turned toward the engineers' positions. When they got close enough, they were halted and it was found that there were 26 men and one officer from the 106th Division who were making their way back to friendly lines after having been behind enemy lines for four days." One of the GI's in this group remembers crossing railroad tracks and approaching the American positions together before being challenged. A prewar map and an aerial photograph show tracks running northwest from the railroad station then turning northeast to parallel the Aachenerstrasse'
(See Katasterplan von St.Vith urn 1939 on the following page.)
    Unfortunately, no account of the l&R's arrival in St'Vith could be found in the combat interviews of the 7th Armored Division' According to Dick Sparks' journal and my memory, we moved due west from the cover of the woods down a draw out across the open plain. When something was seen on the far edge of the plain. Ike Long went ahead to scout out the situation and ran into a dug-in Sherman tank with supporting infantry along a tree lined roadside. After he was checked out, the platoon was called in, much to the disbelief of the tankers since the approach across the plain had been heavily mined.

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    Just published in February 2000, the aerial photo shows a large open area beyond the northern edge of the town, bordered by woods on the east with what appears to be a draw running across it to Malmedyerstrasse on the west and the railroad tracks and the Aachenerstrasse on the south. In the photo Malmedyerstrasse was lined with trees and scattered buildings matching my recall of our entry road.
    Anne Marie Simon of CRIBA sent me a prewar map and aerial photograph of St.Vith. In addition to giving a good overall picture of the town, the important places in the story of the I&R platoon have been located and identified on the 1939 map and can be seen clearly in the rare 1940 photo which was just published in an area newspaper last year. The buildings of St. Josef's Kloster (A) are in the left foreground. Beyond the five important ryear'al roads come together to form the An den Linden (B) whereforeground's overrun in the German attack in front of the drugstore whose
um 1939.
L. Kalasterplan von St.V1th

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    corner was angled with the Prumerstrasse' Looking north from here up the Hauptstrasse can be seen the intersection with the oddly curving Rodterstrasse (C) , the last road open to the west, on which we departed under fire. Going on to the north is Malmedyerstrasse (D) where we had probably come in on the previous night and to the east is Aachenerstrasse (E) along which the other 423rd group separated from us had arrived according to the combat interview from B/33rd Armored Engineer Bn.
    What appears to be the draw through which we crossed the open plain runs from the woods held by the enemy over to Malmedyerstrasse. This aerial and the one after the bombing were taken from opposite ends of the town, but this difference in orientation is minor when compared to the difference in appearance of the town in a springtime of peace and a winterscape of war.
    Current aerial photographs and maps show a new town which has expanded in all directions. Commercial development now covers the part of the open field bordering Malmedyerstrasse and Aachenerstrasse where the two groups from the 423rd had come in. Local promotional material touts "ST' VITH: DIE KLEINE STADT MIT DEN GROSSEN EINKAUPSMOGLICHKEITEN'" ( St'Vith: the little city with the big shopping possibilities)' This motto was borne out by the bustling Hauptstrasse with no noticeable empty storefronts and the heavy traffic with a large number of luxury Mercedes and BMW's. Parks and sports facilities were interspersed among the modern businesses and well kept housing.

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    St.Vith was a brooding, somber town with a German speaking population of some 2,000 brooding, somber people' Named for the Saint associated with that strange chorea, St. Vitus' Dance, it was almost 600 years old, having been granted city status in 1350, and is located in the Eastern Cantons, the narrow strip of territory between Belgium and Germany extending from the Dutch border in the north down to Luxemburg and containing a great variety of peoples, languages, cultures and landscapes.
    From the time of its capture by the Romans in 51 B'C' this area has been governed successively by the Franks, Charlemagne, the duchies of Luxemberg, Brabant and Burgundy, and Austria, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Prussia, Belgium, Germany and again, Belgium. As a result, the town has been destroyed by war and rebuilt four times, in 1543, 1602, 1689 and 1945. Only one structure, a round tower called the Buchelturm, has survived the cannons of the Spanish and the French, the artillery of the Germans and the Americans and the bombs of the English.
    By the time we reached St'Vith, the Allied command had decided that the enemy penetration around and beyond it had become too great and had planned a withdrawal of the defending forces from the "fortified goose egg", composed mainly of the 7th Armored's CCB and the 106th's surviving 424th Regiment and 81st Engineer Battalion. Simultaneously the Germans had stepped up their attack with the 18th VG and a regiment of the 62nd VG, supported by the armor of the Fiihrer Escort Brigade and the 506th Heavy Tank Battalion (Tigers). POW's also had been taken on the edges of the sector from the 560th VG and the 1st SS, 2nd and 116th Panzer Divisions. The capture of this town where five regional roads came together was crucial to the success of the enemy drive and it was several days behind the schedule set by Hitler and his generals'
    After a brief rest and some hot food, the I&R was attached to an armored infantry company of the 7th at the vital crossroads. After finally being overwhelmed in night attack led by the Tigers, it was the last organized infantry unit to leave the town and its members have been included in the award of the Presidential Unit Citation for that action with the 7th Armored, whose Brig. Gen. Bruce Clark commended them in his account of the battle. He stated "...their enthusiasm was high, and subsequent reports obtained from troops with whom they fought indicated that without exception these men discharged their duty in exemplary fashion."
    Access to the important road network was now open to German armor, troops and supplies' When the weather had cleared a few days later, three hundred RAF Lancasters and Halifaxes leveled St.Vith in an afternoon carpet bombing attack, which an SS trooper, observing from a mile to the east, called "apocalyptic" because the boiling cloud of dust rising from the rubble was turned red by the setting sun.
    An aerial photo taken just after the American recapture of the town in January shows its almost complete devastation, Hundreds of bomb craters pockmarked the entire area, even extending out into the surrounding fields. Most of the buildings had been leveled, but some fragments of walls still stood with gaping door and window openings and only a few rooftops remained, mostly on the eastern and northern outskirts.
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In this aerial photo taken in the opposite direction from the 1940 shot on page 36.
St. Vith shows the terrible effects of the shelling and carpet bombings,
There were three distinct bombing runs on St. Vith during the Battle of the Bulge.

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    St, Vith Today: When compared with the pre-war photo, this rebecome,rSt, photo shows how large the rebuilt, "little city' has become.
    St. Josef's Klinik, successor to the Kloster, is in the left it,eground with An den Linden traffic circle standing out beyond it.
    At the other end of town a commercial development has spread out over the open area through which the !SR came to temporary safety and
    reaches almost to the edge of what appears to be the draw which provided us with cover over to the lines of the 7th Armored Division.

St' Josef's Kloster after Battle of the Bulge
    When the I&R got back through to St.Vith, we were taken to the headquarters of the defending forces for debriefing, nourishment and a short rest. It was in St. Josef's Kloster, a Catholic institution for medical care and education, housed in two large buildings with its own dairy and extensive vegetable gardens and orchards. Because of its size it became the headquarters of the occupying American forces, in succession the 4th, 2nd and then our 106th Infantry Division, which had withdrawn back to Vielsalm by the time that we got there and had been replaced by CCB of the 7th Armored Division.
    All that remains in my memory of the Kloster are the high ceilinged halls where we napped and the long flights of steps on which we ran from the third floor down to the cellar when the heavy shelling started. Though that cellar gave us some protection from artillery shells, more than three hundred townspeople were killed five days later by the RAF bombs, most of them in the cellars of St. Josef's' The Kloster had survived World War I and had been had been remodeled and expanded before its destruction a quarter of a century later. After WWII the few walls left standing after the artillery and bombing attacks were razed with the exception of one wing, which was renovated as an element of a new facility. St' Josef's Klinik is now a modern health care institution with components like a helipad and an elderly care wing. Its future building plans at the time of my visit proposed to replace that last surviving piece of the old Kloster, one of the town's very few remaining bits of prewar construction.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
On the left end of St, Josef's Kloster, today, is the only surviving portion of the wartime Kloster,
    Apparently the aiming point for the attack was the crossroads for the area around it had been obliterated making verification of the l&R location during the tank advance almost impossible. Etched in my mind by the blinding white light from the flares has always been the iron railing along one side of the crossroads where we faced the Tigers with several 7th Armored TD's. When revisiting that site with my Belgian hosts, much to my disappointment there was no sign of the iron railing or of anything else recognizable from 1944. However, in the several mailings of material that Anne Marie Simon sent me after my return were two copies of prewar photographs of the An den Linden crossroads. My recollection had been correct for there was the railing alongside a three story building identified as "der Apotheke Shiltz" (the Shiltz Pharmacy). My memory was jogged again.
    Battle, John Toland's very readable book about the Bulge, had given the following description of the encounter at the crossroads, but had not identified the units involved: "There was a great flash to Captain Britton's left and an American tank destroyer on the corner burst into flames. White parachute flares floated down like aerial jellyfish, Britton, caught in the middle of the firelight, jumped into a drug-store'" After fifty-four years here was verification of my recollection!
    Toland's account of the incident itself has been verified by a combat interview from the 7th Armored which was obtained from the son of one of its veterans last year. In it Major Alva McDaniel of the 38th Armored Infantry Battalion stated: "'..Our TD's at the CR at 867879 fired at the enemy tanks when flares were sent up outlining them, but no results were observed. Shortly afterwards, Major McDaniel met Captain Britton, B/23, and as the two of them were going down the street 'all hell broke loose at the corner by the TD's'' The enemy had infiltrated into that area, and they opened up on the TD's with burp guns and other weapons as the TD's were illuminated by enemy flares. Major McDaniel, Captain Britton and Lt' Randall of the TD's ducked into the drugstore on the corner of the crossroads."

The CUB of the Golden Lion
    On his trip back Dick Sparks happened to take a shot of the An den Linden crossroads from the same spot where the prewar photographerreminders,. A new building had been erected on the exact site of the Schiltz Pharmacy, but except for size, the two bear no resemblance to each other. Neither the iron railing of my memory nor the big linden trees have been replaced.
    In addition to being the site of the last holding actiother'St.Vith, the Anden Linden crossroads was the scene of another debacle of a different nature the next day. A terrific bottleneck developed when it was converged upon by the troops, armored vehicles, trucks and horsedrawn artillery of the 18th andday'd VG Divisions with their support units and corps and army headquarters. Then upon this intermingled mass descended elements of the Sixth SS Panzer Army refusing to follow directions of the military police. Finally, in the middle of the crossroads in a desperate effort to sort out priorities and direct traffic, stood Field Marshal Walther Model, commanding Army Group B, relieved by Generals von Manteuffel of the 5th Panzer Army and Lucht of LXVI Corps.
The An den Linden crossroads as photographed by Dick Sparks in 1999.

An den Linden, the crossroads with drug stow and iron fence as reminders.

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The 106th Memorial, St, Vith, buikt by 106th veterans, maintained Cody by St, Vith townspeople.
    Nearby St. Josef's on Klosterstrasse a memorial to the 106th had been built by veterans of the division and maintained by the local populace' Revised several times, at the time of our visit it consisted of a huge boulder with a plaque in front of a contemporary pavilion featuring a cross, altar shelf and flagpoles'
    Leaving St.Vith in a worsening snowstorm just as in 1944, we pushed on towards Liege amid my doubts that Henri would get there in time for me to catch the train back to Brussels in time for the scheduled dinner with Rob's group. Nonchalantly, Henri and Karl plowed on in their trusty little subcompacts while the big luxury cars were spinning their wheels or lying off of the road in the deep snowdrifts.
    Between St.Vith and Liege just outside of Malmedy lay Baugnez crossroads, site of the infamous massacre of captured GI's from a field artillery observation battery by SS troopers of Kampfgruppe Peiper, the armored spearhead of the enemy attack in the northern sector, which had caught their jeeps and trucks by surprise. After surrendering, the prisoners were lined up in an adjacent field and shot. Though the exact number of Americans involved was never verified, it is known that eighty six bodies were recovered later and as many as forty three escaped, some badly wounded and all demoralized' Heavy snow completely covered the frozen bodies and when the area was retaken a month later, metal detectors had to be used to find them.
    As we arrived at the crossroads, swirling snow made visibility almost impossible and covered the field as deeply as it had then. Sounds were muffled and there was an eerie silence, but inside my head the horrible noises of that deadly mayhem resounded. sharpened by the realization that this could have been the fate of the I&R had we been sent out on a motorized patrol and tun into this spearhead at some isolated crossroads.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
The kiting field at 13augnez Crossroads "Malmedy Massacre site," The field after the bodies were
uncovered and numbered for evidence in the ensuing war crimes trials
    Before this incident eleven black enlisted men of the 333rd Field Artillery Battalion supporting the 106th had been captured and killed by a kampfgruppe earlier at Wereth, slightly north of our location in the first hours of the breakthrough. In all, the confirmed deaths of 419 unarmed victims, 308 Americans and 111 Belgian civilians, with a probable true total near 750, were attributed to them.
Photo to the left
OberstOrmbannfurher Joachim Peiper
SS Panzer - Reg 2
    After the war seventy three SS men known to have been connected with these killings, were brought before a war crimes trial held at the Dachau concentration camp. They ranged from the commanding officer of the 6th SS Panzer, Oberstgruppenfuhrer Sepp Dietrich, down to the enlisted men who fired the weapons. Included was Obersturmbannfuhrer Joachim Peiper, leader of the infamous kampfgruppe' All were convicted. Forty three were sentenced to death by hanging with the remaining thirty receiving prison terms from life to ten years. Then the
obsessive American fear of communism which led the rebuilding of Germany
    against the Soviet Union, overwhelmed our nation's sense of justice for the murdered soldiers and sentences began to be commuted. Not one of the convicted men was hanged nor did one serve his full sentence. All were free by 1956'
    Standing across from that killing field in the gathering dusk, I recalled the words of Lt. Virgil Lary, the only surviving officer, who said on revisiting there, "... the screams of my men who were massacred that seventeenth of December 1944 still ring in my ears, more so now that our country has lost every vestige of honor for them ..."

The CUB of the Golden Lion
    As we left the crossroads, Anne Marie and Karl turned northeast toward their home in Eupen and Henri continued on through Malmedy proper. There 1 had hoped to visit the local cathedral which had been noted in my architectural studies of the German Neo-Classical period, but time and weather restrictions forbade stopping. Probably just as well though' for through the snowy haze loomed the twin towers, now topped with "witches' hat" peaks. The classic edifice apparently had been remodeled in the local late 19th century building vernacular.
    Darkness began to fall and more and more cars were having trouble in the snow, but Henri went right on. Off in the distance the lights of the motorway to Liege gave a golden tint to the snowy sky' Once on the motorway, progress became better although abandoned vehicles littered the roadsides and my doubts about getting to the dinner didn't subside very much. But sure enough, we pulled up to the railroad station in Liege with several minutes to spare before the train arrived right on schedule. Henri looked at me and smiled. La Maison du Cynge (the House of the Swan) lived up to its reputation as one of Europe's finest restaurants in both the quality of its food and the ambience of its setting. It is located in one of the twelve guild houses around the Hotel de Ville (town hall) in the Grand'Place, built in the days when trade guilds were powerful forces in local government and rebuilt in the gilded Baroque style after the French bombardment of 1695. These structures have names with no relation to the guilds which occupied them. The House of the Swan housed the butchers' guild and in the 19th century had a tavern on its ground floor frequented by Karl Marx.
    The only signage for the restaurant was a very small and discreet brass plaque on the wall by the single glass entrance door. Inside the vestibule a spiral stair led up to the mezzanine which displayed two original Brueghel paintings and gave access to the formal dining rooms panelled in dark wood and hung with crystal chandeliers and more old Masters.
    The meal was a classic five course affair whose cuisine matched the decor. My lack of sophistication for continental dining became evident when I noticed on the menu that the main course was to be roe and connected it with the fish roe which was standard fare with grits down South in my boyhood days , but rather out of place in one of Europe's premier restaurants. Thankfully, I did not comment for when served, it turned out to be venison. Mention of roe deer in my travel guides had gone unnoticed.
    Lights glittering off of the gilded facades across the Grand'Place and the gaiety of the crowds below came through the large windows and lightened the flawless, but frosty, service of the waiters in the grand manner' It was a most elegant ending to a day of vivid contrasts and memories.
To be continued in the February 2003 CUB magazine
John Calif 423rd HQs l&R Platoon 1441 Idalia Rd
Columbia, S.C, 29206-2919

The CUB of the Golden Lion
In Memoriam...
Bartz, Richard E. DIV/HO
216 Rustic Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15210
    Date of death: November 02, 2002 reported by a Co-Executor for Richard, He died at home and his instructions were to notify his old Army buddies,
Brooks, Dr. Douglas 424/MED
    45 Scenic Way, Francisco, CA 94121 Date of death: November 27' 2001. Steven Brooks, a son, notified Dr, John Robb that Dr, Brooks died in the Stanford University Medical Center from complications arising from leukemia, He was 77 years of age and is survived by three children and seven grandchildren.
Cooley, James H. 423/D
    13009 Twisted Oak Road, Oklahoma City, OK 73210 Date of death: November 16, 2002. Wife, Carol reported via email that Jim had passed away, Still in shock and trying to make arrangements. She stated that the Reunion in Hampton meant a lot to Jim. She thanks use for any prayers offered,
Drumm, Leo 590/B
    % Son Greg: 12552 Carmel Way, Santa Ana, CA 92705 Date of death: Sept 21' 2002, Son Greg wrote: " Sadly I must inform you and the Association of my father's death, He was diagnosed with melanoma about 2 years ago, He passed away peacefully with his family beside him. He was buried at Arlington October 9' 2002 with military honors, Our entire family was extremely proud of his service in the 106th and World War II and his ability to endure what was a terrible POW experience, He never talked about the war in great detail, instead frequently saying he could not remember, However, all of the family members of his age group, when commenting on his burial at Arlington' said he deserved it for what he went through, We will miss him much, It has been an honor for me to be an Associate members and I look forward to a continued membership, I am enclosing a blown up view of his POW card taken from the files at Stalag IV-B, MUhlberg, Germany, Thank you all very much. Greg Drumm and Family.
Elkin, Morton 422/SV
42 Gerard Avenue, New Hyde Park, NY 11040
Date of death: February 4. 2002, Shirley, his wife, called and gave me the date of death,
Guggenheim, Charles E. 424/E
3121 South Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20007
    Date of death: October 9, 2002, Charles Guggenheim, 78, winner of 4 Academy Awards and 12 nominations – an achievement equaled only by Walt Disney -- for his documentary films. One of the most memorable was a biography of Robert F. Kennedy made shortly after the presidential candidates assassination in 1968. In 1969, "RFK Remembered" won an Academy Award for the best live-action short subject,
    He was a veteran of the 106 Infantry Division and member of our Association, He died at the Georgetown University hospital of pancreatic cancer. A few weeks before his death he completed his final film, the story of 350 American POWs -- many of them from the 106th -- who were removed from Stalag 9B to the slave labor camp at Berga, a branch of the infamous the Buchenwald concentration camp. The film is scheduled for release next April. Most of us remember him for his graphic award winning documentary "D-Day" which was viewed during the 50th anniversary of World War II, As befits a local residents of such prominence the Washington Post carried a very large obituary in the Metro section as well as a 2 page "appreciation" in the Style sectioN,
Hiltbrand, Walter F. 423/AT
    930 Fair Avenue, Salem, OH 44460 Date of Death: October 30, 2002, Survived by his wife of 54 years' Arlene' and a son and daughter, He was wounded and captured in the Bulge, spent two years in Army hospitals recovering from his wounds, Attended many 106th Reunions,
Rest In Peace
In Memoriam...
Killian, B'F. 81st Eng/C
P.O. Box 362, Houston, MO 65483
    Date of death: August 27' 2002, Bea. his wife, reported his death, She reported that he died at the Cox hospital in Springfield MO, lie had been and for complications from pneumonia when his heart and kidneys failed, Her e-mail address is bkillian@train,
Kmush, Stephen E' 422/C
Plymouth, PA,
    Date of death: January I3.2_002, Age 78. No address given, He was an AX-POW life member and the current chapter commander of the Keystone Chapter, He was also Past Dept, Commander, He was captured in during the Battle of the Bulge and held prisoner at STALAG - IV-B until liberation, He is survived by his daughter, Bonnie' son-in-law Randy' and two grandsons, "What we have done for ourselves alone dies with us; what we have done for others and the world remains and is immortal,"
Kwaczek, Carl S. 422/C
    122 Connellsville Street, Dunbar, PA 15431 Date of death: September 2002. exact date not known, His death reported by one of our members, Will Dohoney. No other details known,
Long, Ivan 423/HO l&R Platoon Leader
    18610 Hummingbird Lane, Penn Valley, CA 95946 Date of death: H/15/2002, Dick Sparks' 423/I&R reported' '1 received and e-mail from Ivan's wife Edna last evening telling me that Ivan passed away early that morning, He was 85 years od age, After WWII' he remained on the Reserve Officer's list and served as an Instructor at the Non Resident School of the Command and General Staff College, He was called to active duty in Korea where he was wounded and spent six months in the hospital recovering. He retired with the rank of Lt, Colonel,
Ivan is survived by his wife Edna, a son David and a step son and step daughter,
Maleug, Russell J. 423/HO
    1st BN 4045 Cokesbury Road, Rockford, IL 61103 Date of death: July 31' 2002 reponed by his wife Dorothy, She stated that he died from bean problems, She further stated that he truly enjoyed the reunions being with his Army buddies,
Matthews, William P. 422/HO
    57 Allegheny Road, Hampton, VA 23661 Date of death: January 6' 2002, Barbara. has wife of 53 years' wrote: !apologize for not writing sooner however, when you lose a loved one it isn't always easy to take care of all the things that need to be taken care of. My husband William' died after several years of declining health, It has been a hard adjustment for me after so many years of marriage. I do hope that lie will be kept on your roster of deceased members, If I need to pay dues for another year' I will he most happy to do so. He was really looking forward to attending the reunions and Hampton Reunion was so close to home He was survived by 2 daughters, Susan and Carol' a son Rev. William P Matthews Jr, two sisters and a brother, nine grandchildren and four great-grandchildren, I remain sincerely, Barbara Matthews
Mayotte, Russ J. 424/F
    9628 Cavell Street, Livonia MI 48150 Date of death: September 9' 2002, Milton Schober, 424/F reported that he had a telephone call from Barbara, Russ's wife telling him that he had a heart attack. was taken to the hospital and passed assay there, Barbara' mentioned that their son had taken his life on September 15 and this undoubtedly was a factor in Russ's death,
Rest In Peace
In Memoriam ....
Mehr, Joseph 424/1
66 Brookside Drive, North Kingston' RI 02852
    Date of death: November 7, 2001, Joseph's death reported by Joncll, his wife, The report was accompanied by a one-page letter' and a photocopy of a Fort Collins obituary, four columns, from a North Kingston newspaper, In part she said in the letter. "We registered for the last reunion in Falls Church, Due to an emergency we had to cancel at the last minute, He had a very had stroke on October 29th and never regained consciousness in the intensive care unit at the Rhode Island hospital and died on November 7th, Joe and I went to 4 or 5 reunions after we first found out about them in 1994,
    Orlando was our first and Camp Atterbury was our last, Joe had a brain hemorrhage in 1992 after having retired from the Providence Journal nine months earlier, After rehabilitation he had a speech problem, brace on his right leg and no use of his right arm, He was a real fighter with determination that was astounding. I am sure a good deal of this was due to his training and lighting with the 424th Infantry regiment. He had bad eyesight when he was in the Army but that didn't stop hint from becoming a marksman and getting other important jobs done in his career, I am enclosing a copy of his obituary, Feel free to use whatever you want for the CUB.
    The four column news article described the 21 years he served with the Courier-Journal in Louisville KY before moving to Rhode Island in August 1968 to take over the Providence journal's news library. which in the newspaper parlance of the Times was known as "morgue," At the Journal he oversaw the implementation of an online storage and retrieval system that eliminated the need for manual clipping and filing of newspaper stories, The Journal and its sister publication was .tong the first and a country to fully automated its clipping operations, He was honored twice by the Rhode Island chapter of the Special Libraries Association whose news division presented him with the Agnes Henebry Roll of Honor Award. in 1991, There was a long-listing of professional colleagues who praised Joseph for his excellence in his profession, The obit described in the part what role the 106th Infantry division played in World War II, It mentions that during the Korean War Joseph served as an intelligent specialist in the Air Force 514th lighter-bomber squadron, He also served in a KY National Guard, He left four sons - Kevin' Brian' Lawrence and Charles, a daughter JoAnn; a brother; a sister, nine grandchildren and four great-grandchildren, He was a father of the late David Melts and brother of the late Helene Fohner,
Patton, BG Oliver 423/F
    9074 Belvoir Woods Parkway, Ft. Belvoir. VA 22060 Date of death: September 15, 2002, Oliver B, Patton' 81, a retired Army Brigadier General who was executive secretary of the U,S, Capitol Historical Society from 1974 to 1979, died of congestive heart failure in his home at Fon Belvoir. He was a 1944 graduate of the U,S Military Academy, During the Bulge he commanded a rifle platoon that was overrun, Badly wounded twice during the action and the balance of the war in German hospitals and POW camps, He later recounted his experiences for a PBS documentary about the battle, During the Korean War' he served in Korea. he was wounded again' and he was Assistant Chief of StafT for XXIV Corps in Vietnam in the late 1960's, In his last tour of duty was assistant Chief of Staff for Army intelligence at the Pentagon, Among his decorations were the Army distinguished Service Medal, three awards of the Legion of Mcrit, three awards of the Bronze Star and three awards of the Purple !lean, Beginning in 1976' five of his historical novels were published the last of them, "The Silent Stow." was a story about the Battle of the Bulge from a foot soldiers view, Survivors include his wife of 57 years. Anne Patton of Fort Belvoir; four daughters' Shelby, Anya' Ellen and Sarah; a son Oliver II and nine grandchildren,
Poellet, John A. 422/HQ
    1517 Stnysor Drive, Bartlesville, OK 74006 Date of death: Nov 07' 2002, this wife Pearl wrote "He died peacefully after fighting bean problems for a long time, Keep us in your prayers."
Rest In Peace
In Memoriam .
Puskarich, Charles H' 424/M
W238 N4625 Woodsedge, Pewaukee, WI 53072
    Date of death: Scpteniber 10, 2002. age 80 years, Loving husband of Ann, Dear Father of Charlene Kosterman, Janice Mundt, Doriane Pored. Victoria Gronoski; Grandfather of Tinamarie and Gina Biancuzzo, Nathan Mundt and Tony Pored, Great-grandfather of Jordan Licrnpeck, Further survived by a host of friends and relatives, Thanks to the ER staff of the West Allis Memorial Hospital,
    Battle of the Bulge participant and holder of the Purple lean for wounds received, Member of several service organizations, Dedicated volunteer of the local Veterans Administration' 34 years as an employee of Singer Sewing Machines and owner of "Chuck's Sewing Machine."
Samples, L Orvis 591/SV
3421 Lee Ave, Belle, WV 25015 Date of death: June 26' 2002, Reported to Dr, Duncan Truman' no other details given.
Satrang, Russell G 424/D
    2844 Brunswick Ave S, St Louis Park, MN 55416 Date of death: Oct 5' 2002 at age 79, Born in Kidder. South Dakota December 31, 1922, Survived by wife' Judith: son Ron (Marilyn): Daughters' Jerrilyn (Jon) Mathisrud and Renee (Rick) Herman:, Grandchildren Julie, Jill and Jenny Mathisrud. Heather and Nick Satrang: three sisters, Irene Berger, Genevieve Volk and Marvie (Clarence) Hopfingers,
Scales, Frank 423/1
    15130 Community Ave, Pen Charlotte, FL 33953 Date of death: August 7' 2002 Reported by Annie Scales, his wife, She stated "I shall miss him terribly,"
Skardon, Alvin W. 590/B
210 Oakwood Court, Greenville, SC 29607
    Date of death: Oct 9' 2002 A Hooper Skardon wrote. "My uncle Alvin passed away October 9, just two month shy of his 90th birthday.
    was with Uncle Al on a trip to Belgium for the 50th Anniversary Celebrations, Our trip was feature in The Cub of Oct-Nov-Dec 1994, Uncle Al is pictured on page 36 on the far left as well as in the same position on page 38' 2nd photo down in the second column, Uncle Al left all of his military mcmorbilia to me. One is a key to the front gate at the POW camp he was in, Also a small America flag made from a drapery from the German Officer's mess hall, We used that flag on his coffin, We are loosing many now, What your
generation did for my generation and all to come will not be forgotten, Gad Bless America,
Vaughn, Ray 423/CN
    620 Bell Hill Road, Cobden, IL 62920 Date of Death: September 15' 2002, Annette Lee. his wife, reported his death, Ray and Annette and their daughter Jenifer, were with our group that returned to the battle area in September 1995, We enjoyed them so much, Ray was a gunner in the Cannon Company, His health failed him over the years but he kept his spirit and kept in touch with all of us.
Williams, Oliver G. 591/H0
    206 East Highland Or, Pensacola, FL 32503 Date of death: March 14' 2002, Mildred' his wife' reported that Staff Sergeant Williams had died after a four year illness, He left three children' two girls and one boy,
Zicker, Gordon 423/HQ
    4485 Chalmette Court, Port Orange, FL 32127 Date of death: August 23, 2002. Zicker's death, at age 78, was reported by Dick Sparks, 423/HQ l&R and Joseph DeSantis' 422/H 1st Bn, Sparks said' "Zicker was a Staff driver and an original member of the Headquarters unit through the end of the war, He, Zicker, was captured along with the men of 423rd headquarters, Most of his time was spent in Dresden's Slaughterhouse Five and he experienced the "fire storm" in the Allied bombing of the city," Sparks continued, Gordon was 78, He is survived by two sons and two daughters, His wife preceded him in death, He was a member of the AX-POW and VFW organizations, Joseph DeSantis, 422/H 1st Bn sent a copy of the Zicker obit with a personal note stating that he could not make the 2002 Reunion. due to a stroke, but he would see us in 2003."
Rest In Peace
From the Officers and Board
of Directors of your
106th Infantry Division
Stay Well -Be Good
Pay your ANNUAL Dues by June 30, 2003
Keep in touch with your buddies
JANUARY 12, 2003
1 A quarterly publication of the
    106th Infantry Division Association, Inc. A nonprofit Organkation - USPO #5054 St Paul, MN - Agent: John P Kline, Editor ..,Membership fees include CUB subscription/
Paid membership November 15, 2002 - 1,579
President John R. Schaffner
Ng-President (Ex-Officio) Joseph P. Maloney
1st Vice-Pres John NI. Roberts
2nd Vicc-Prcs Walter G' Bridges
Treasurer/Historian Sherod Collins
Adjutant !Harlon Ray
CUB Editor' Membership John P. Kline
Chaplain Dr' Duncan Trueman
Memorials Chairman Dr' John G. Robb
Atterbury Memorial Representative Philip Cox
Resolutions Chairman Richard Rigatti
Washington Liaison Jack A' Sulser
Order of the Golden Lion Chairman John O' Gilliland
Committee ,,, Joseph Massey, Sherod Collins
Nominating Committee Chairman . John M' Roberts Committee: Ilarry Martin, Walter Bridges
Mini-Reunion Chairman ,,,, Harry Martin
Editorial Matters, Membership Committee:
John P Kline -- CUB Editor
11 Harold Drive' Burnsville' MN 55337-2786
952-890.3155 - jpk@mm,com
Business Matters, Deaths, Address changes:
Marion Ray -- Adjutant
704 Briarwood Drive' Bethalto, IL 62010-1168
618-377.3485 -- raybusleboy@charternet
Memorial Matters and Inquiries:
Dr. John G Robb -- Memorial Chairman
238 Dcvore Dr,, Meadville, PA 16355
Membership Dues, Historical Items:
Sherod Collins -- Treasurer/Historian
448 Monroe Trace. Kennesaw. GA 30144
Dr' Duncan Trueman, Chaplain
29 Overhill Larw, Warwick, NY 10990
845.986-6376 FAX 845-986-4121
email: dttrueman@yahoo,com
Membership Fees
Life Vets/Associates .., S75 Auxiliary $15
Annual Vets/Associates,., SIO Auxiliary S2
Annual Dues payable by June 30 each year,
Checks Payable to
"106th Infantry Division Association"
in care of Treasurer, See address above.
Board of Directors
John 0. Gilliland, 592/SV ,,,,,.. (2003)
140 Nancy Street. B0j, AL 35957
Frank ',spats, 422/HQ (2003)
RD 8. Box 403. Kittanning, PA 16201
7.548,119 Email. flapatoitalltel net
Harry F' Martin, Jr, 424/1 , , , , . (2003)
PO Box 221, Mount Arlington, NJ 07856
973.663,110 rn,atinjrfidI0calnel,com
George Peros, 590/A (2003)
19160 !huhu( Tree Court' NW Fon Myers, FL 33903
Charles F. Meek 422/H (2003)
7316 Voss Parkway, Middleton. WI 33562
Pete Yanchik, 423/A (2004)
1161 Airport Road. Aliquippa, PA 15001-1312
Richard L' Rigatti, 423/B (2004)
113 Woodshire Drive, Pittsburgh' PA 15215-1713
412.781-8131 rigatti@libcom,com
John R. Schaffner, 589/A (Exec' Comm.) , . , (2004)
1811 Miller Road, Cockeysville, MD 21030-1013
410-584-2754 Email: jschaffn@bcpl,net
Jack A. Sulser, 423/F (2004)
917 N Ashton Street. Alexandria, VA 22312.5506
703.354-0221 Email: sulser, I .earthlink,net
Robe. R. Ikons, 422/IIQ (2005)
7215 Linda lake Drive. Charlotte. NC 28215.3617
John M' Roberts, 592/C (Exec. Comm') (2005)
1059 Alter Road. Bloomfield Hills. MI 48304-1401
248,38-2667 Email: jmr810@aol,com
Waid Toy, 422/K (2005)
4605 Wade Street. Columbia, SC 29210-3941
Frank S. Trautrnsua, 422/13 (2005)
9 Meadosxcrest Drive, Parkersburg. WV 26101-9395
Walter G' Bridges, 424/D (2006)
225 laird Ave' litieytown.AL 35023-2418
813-988.7013 Email: wgbridgesOriebra,net
Joseph A' !Hassey, 422/C (2006)
4820 Spunky Hollow Rd. Remlap, AL 35133-5536
Walter NI' Snyder, 589/A (2006)
2901 Dunmore Rd Apt F4, Dundalk' MD 21222-5123
Robert F. Sowell, 424/E (2006)
612 Via Del Monte' Palos Verdes Estates, CA 90274-1208
310-378-5404 marThasowellrOeturhlink,net
Hal lltylor, 423/CN ,(2006)
2172 Roc-ridge Dr, Grand Junction' CO 81503.2534
970.245-7807 Email, hal 1 271 (tr sitbi,com
Donald F' Herndon (424/L) . (2007)
8313 NW 102, Oklahoma City, OK 73162-4026
405-721-9164 Email: oklastamps@aol,com
Irwin C' Smoler (424/B) (2007)
87 Spier Road' Scarsdale, NY 10583-7318
914.723-8835 Email: invio,e,
Dedicating 106th In/ Div Monument at Andersonville May 25, 2003: LIR: MemoriDIVIS/ONman, Dr. John Robb 422ID;
2nd Vice•Pres Walter G Bridges 424ID; Pres, John R. Schaffner 589/A; Past Chaplain Ewell C. Black Jr. 4221,4;
1st VP John M. (Jack) Roberts 592IC; Joseph Massey 422IC and John F Gatens 589IA
See article inside this CUB

The Cub
Vol. 59, No. 4, JUL, 2003

President's Message . .
     When I sat down to write about our trip to Andersonville for this issue of The Cub I really didn't know where to start. To begin with, I was not captured during WW II. I was never a POW. I don't pretend to know what it is like to be one. From what I have learned about life as a prisoner of war, I certainly do have much respect for those who were. I felt the need to be at Anderson-vile for this occasion, but also I had the feeling that I was intruding. I do not qualify for membership in this fraternity.
    I can tell you about the National Park Site atAndersonville and the wonderful "down home" treatment that we received from all those nice people that we met, and, of course, the ceremony that we participated in to dedicate the Memorial to the veterans of our 106th Infantry Division who had been prisoners. The Park Service staff was most helpful with setting up our program and enlisting the participation of the Color Guard and Rifle Squad from Robins AFB.
     When we departed from home the weatherman said "It looks like rain through the whole Memorial Day weekend," but then, we are about 900 miles north of where we are going, so we were optimistic' It was a two-day drive, and, without incident, no problems.
     When we arrived at the hotel in Americus on Saturday, many of our group was already there. Things were looking up. It was just great to see our good friends again. And, of course, some I had not met before. These are wonderful people and I am proud to be counted among them' Seems there is never enough time to play "catch-up."
    Sunday, the day of the ceremony dawned beautifid. We could not have ordered weather more perfect. The Park Superintendent, Fred Boyles, requested to meet early with Dr. John Robb and the others of our group who would participate in the ceremony. There would be no "dress rehearsal" as such, but we all sat around the table and became familiar with the agenda for the day. Everyone was ready
    The time for the ceremony was 11 AM and the Color Guard and Rifle Squad from Robins Air Force Base was there at the site where the plaque was installed in front of the museum building. The plaque was in place and covered, and the lectern was set up. The Park provided us with programs and a block of chairs for our audience.
    The ceremony began on time at 11:00 AM. Sunday, May 25, and it included, as a Special event, our past Treasurer and Historian, Sherod Collins, who was honored with the presentation of a framed guidon representing his former unit, 423/SV. The frame also included an engraved plaque detailing Sherod's service to the 106th Infantry
Division Association over many years.

Page: 1

John R. Schaffner, President 2002-2003
106th Infantry Division Association
"A" Battery, 589th Field Artillery Battalion
1811 Miller Rd, Cockeysville, MD 21030-1013
Phone: 410-584-2754 Email: ishaffn@bcptnet
President's Message...
     Now, I must say just a little bit about the Andersonville Museum and Memorial to all of the U. S. Prisoners of War. I believe that the Civil War has only a passing interest for a great many of our citizens. Maybe it occurred too long ago for it to be relevant to our younger generations.
     Apparently the history of America's struggle to remain "one nation, under God," was not given the importance that it deserved when our generation attended school. It has only been since the advent of the modern communications media that much of the story has been brought to light.
     This entire National Park Site is now dedicated to all of those Americans who became prisoners of an enemy force since the American Revolution. Upon entering the park I felt something different about this place. I have visited many cemeteries in my time including those in Europe that hold the remains of our service people who died there. They are all solemn places that have an effect on one.
     Many stories have been written about this place as a POW camp and in recent years a movie was released. Since I have made the visit I have accumulated more than enough material on my desk to fill this issue of The Cub from cover to cover. Rather than do that, I would encourage you to seek out those stories from your local library and video store' Catch up on the history of our U.S.A.
     From the Park Service brochure: "Andersonville, or Camp Sumpter as it was officially known, was one of the largest of many Confederate military prisons established during the Civil War' It was built early in 1864 after Confederate officials decided to move the large number of Federal prisoners kept in and around Richmond, Virginia, to a place of greater security, and a more abundant food supply. During the 14 months the prison existed, more than 45,000 Union soldiers were confined here' Of these, almost 13,000 died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, or exposure to the elements'" Sgt. David Kennedy, 9th Ohio Calvary wrote," it takes 7 of its occupants to make a shadow" "The end of the war saved hundreds of prisoners from an untimely death, but for !many the war's end came too late' Of 194,732 Union soldiers held in Confederate prison camps, some 30,000 died while captive. Union forces held about 220,000 Confederate prisoners, nearly 26,000 of whom died."
     This historic site, dedicated to all U.S' prisoners, now contains a memorial specific to our 106th Infantry Division soldiers. It is placed there and dedicated on 25 May 2003 to ensure that the men of the 106th Infantry Division who suffered the indignities of being a prisoner of war, and sometimes death, under horrific circumstances, will long be remembered.
     If the opportunity arrives for you to visit the Andersonville National Historic Site I hope that you will take advantage of it. All of us who were there are indelibly impressed with the importance of this place. J.R.S' 2003
For more information contact:
Andersonville National Historic Site
496 Cemetery Road
Andersonville, GA 31711
    Next page is the agenda of the program which includes my remarks. I don't have written copy from any of the other speakers' \\

Page: 2

President's Message .
106th Association President John Schaffner and Supenntendant Boyles, Andersonville
Opening by Superintendent Boyles:
Fellow veterans of the 106th 1.D., Families and friends, Greetings everyone,
    Thank you for being here on this day that has so much meaning to those of our 106th Infantry Division who became prisoners during WW II in Europe It is gratifying indeed to realize that this site is dedicated to all those young Americans who have suffered as prisoners of war.
    It is our fervent hope and prayer that no more names be added to this roster. But, we all know by now that our freedoms exist only because we are willing to pay for them'
It seems that a war is the only tender that our enemies recognize'
The cost is always paid by our most dedicated and bravest defenders'
The Andersonville National Historic Site will remain an ongoing Memorial to all United States Prisoners of War
Color guard - Advance The Colors
    The Pledge of Allegiance will be led by Mr. John M. Roberts, 1st Vice President of the 106th Infantry Division Association
    The Invocation will be offered by the Reverend Ewell C. Black, Jr. veteran of the 106th Infantry Division (Invocation)
Remarks by 106th Infantry Division Association President, John Schaffner,
    There was a time in our young lives when we were faced with a very uncertain future. However, once involved with battling the enemy on a daily basis, the young men of our division did not have the option of choosing their fate. Some died even before they needed to shave every day. Dying, or being wounded, or made a prisoner, seemed to be a random event for us
    Will it happen to me was the question? And, I think that most of us thought it would not. The expression, "There, but for the Grace of God, go I," seems to sum it up. Many of us were made prisoners of our enemy.
    But, it was not necessarily a soldier's option to lay down his arms and surrender' We did not want to do that. With the intent of saving the lives of many, their commanders made the decision for them. In retrospect it may have been the correct decision.

Page: 3

President's Message...
    From then on the fate of many of our soldiers was in the hands of their enemy. But, once a prisoner, "what now?" was the question.
    Most of the men of our division were in good physical condition when they were captured and of a mind to do all that it was possible to do, to ensure their survival. Many did not survive' It was a close call for many more.
    Deprivation of the ordinary comforts of life was an every day condition. Those who survived may have been broken in body, but never in spirit. This memorial is placed here, and dedicated today, to ensure that the men of the
106th Infantry Division who suffered the indignities of being a prisoner of war under
horrific circumstances will long be remembered'
+ + + + + + Special Tribute to Sherod Collins 423/SV + + + + + +
Past-President, Past Treasurer, member since 1949
Holder of the Order of the Golden Lion Commander's Class - Friend of all.
Presentation of a special ...card for services rendered. (Plague and Certificate)
Pres Schaffner, presenting Sherod Collins with a 'Special Tribute" for services rendered. Andersonville
Superintendent Boyles to the right More photos in this CUB magazine
    Remarks - Walter G. Bridges, 2nd Vice President of the 106th Infantry Division Remarks and Unveiling of the plaque - Dr. John G Robb
Rifle Salute, Taps Recess the Colors Benediction by Reverend Ewell C. Black
(See more in another section of this CUB)
John R. Schaffner; 589/A
President 2002-2003 106th Infantry Division Association

Page: 4

Chaplain's Message .
     I was fortunate to spend some time listening to and reacting to a West Point professor who teaches military ethics to cadets at the academy' Very thought provoking! And meaningful to anyone was has "been there'" It motivated this chaplain's page.
    Most of were "warriors", as distinguished from "murderers." The murderer was the German who executed GI's at Malmedy. And there were surely some American murderers too. The murderer, for example, was the pilot of either air force who shot down the parachuting flyer as he floated helplessly to earth.
    The trouble is that when warriors fight murderers, they may be tempted to become the mirror-image of the very evil they abhor. Their only protection is their code of honor... their ethic.
Legend tells us that when Spartan mothers
sent a son off to war, she would tell him, "Come ChaplainDr' Duncan Trueman, 424/AT
back with your shield or on it.: This meant that 29 Overhill Lane, Warwick NY 10990
a young warrior should fight bravely, main- TEL/FAX: 845-986-6376
tain his martial discipline (ethic) and return
with his body and honor intact.
    Spartan mothers wanted their sons to return with their sense of self-respect still with them, not tortured by guilt and shame. Get that? To come back with their shields was to come back still feeling like warriors, not like cowards or murderers' I have tried to help two men who felt tortured that way for years. It is a sure invitation to PTSD'
    As superb as this professor's analysis was, it lacked the sense of reality and intensity that only a combat soldier could have brought to it. It was hypothetical, though abundantly true'
    We should be proud that American forces have always had a code of honor that has been exemplary even in times that try the soul. Occasionally violated in the heat of battle ? Of course ! But outstanding among all the nations of the world.
    The code's origin can be found in our religious faiths. Religion was, after all, the source of almost all of our standards of ethics and morality. The underlying ethic we know of as "The Golden Rule" It is found in virtually every major religion.
    In Christianity Matthew 7:1; in Judaism, Talmud (Shabbat 3id); in Islam, Sunnah; and in Confucianism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism, etc, etc'
    So the core ethic that underwrites all others is the Golden Rule. It is also the basis for the military code of honor' It is the code of your faith and mine and of your army and mine' May it be the code of every 106'er's life!
"What is hateful to thee, do not unto thy fellowman." (Hine!)
"Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them'" (Jesus)
"Do not do to others what you do not want done to you." (Plato)

Page: 5

Front & Center ...
Editor, John Kline, 423/M
11 Harold Drive
Bumsville, MN 55337-2786
Tele: 952-890-3155 Fax 952-707-8950 Web site: httpi/\userljpk
    Due to the hectic Summer, personal committments, time crept up on me for this issue. Then we had some formatting problems' Mostly due to our print shop converting to "Digital" printing this old dog had to learn a few new tricks' It isn't easy when you are the only guy in the fochole that thinks he knows how to use a computer' I'll try to get on track for the November CUB'
Since Apr-May-Jun 2003 Cub
Your generosity is appreciated
Andersonville Donations
Mack, Ewell memory of Lee Gilliland as
Mck, Jr., Ewell memory of Mattis Rutland as
Hawkins, Harold - Lorraine /00
Parker, David W. 100
Phelan, William 15
Rinkesna, George 100
Seism°, Joe 20
Spires, James A. 25
Unknown - Memory of Wm Paquette 20
Regular Donations
Emmert, PhyNis
Jones, Jr. Alan, Col (USA Ret) in memory of General and Mrs. Man Jones and in
recognition of the efforts of John Mine 150
Reed, CE 5
Rkitie, Leonard 15
Sheldon*. Eimer 17
Smite; kwin in Honor of Roger Rutland 50
Todd., Peter 5
Whitehead, John
Wright Calvin 10
Head Count 08/17/2003
See you at the
57th Annual Reunion
Fort Mitchell, KY
Sept 10 - 11 2003
Have a safe trip.
The November CUB will contain a complete report of the activities.
Life Members (Vets) 699
Annual Members (Vets) 629
Total Vets 1,328
Life Associate Members 138
Annual Assoc Members 140
Total Associates 278
Comp Members 20

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Front & Center ....
Are one of the 29,000 former prisoners of war
who do not belong to AXPOW?
TOM Disability Compensation.
V. A. Claim Assistance
Medical, Research
hionfitlY Bulletin
Washington Office
National Organization.
Veterans & Families
Under 35 $360 ANNUAL MEHQ(litpow,org
36-50 $300 Single $30
51-60 $180 Husband & Wife $40
61 & Over $120
American Ex-Prisoners of War
3201 E. Pioneer Parkway, Suite 40, Arlington, TX6010
Fone: (817) 649-2979 Fax: (817) 649-0109 email: HQ(
106th Infantry Division Association Members
June 30, 2003 was the DUE DATE of your annual dues

Page: 7

Front & Center...
Pennsylvania Mini-Reunion John Gallagher 81st ENG/C Temple, PA
    John writes that his Mini-Reunion group will meet Friday Evening October 31 at the Dutch Colony, Motor Lodge. With Dinner on Friday. Rooms are available for those that want to stay for breakfast on Saturday.
Missing in Action:
    George S. Patrick, Lakeland, Florida Last known address 1126 Colony Arms Court' Anybody with information about this LIFE Member let me know John Kline
    We are a small group of 106 Recon Troop survivors from the Battle of the Bulge We are planning our annual reunion October 23-26, 2003 in San Antonio, Texas'
Joseph C. Haines
7503 Haines drive
El Reno, OK 73036
405-262-3867 General Bulletin Board
Page 6 APR-MAY-JUN CUB 2003 I indentified Claude BILLIET as a Vietnam vet. He was a KOREAN vet.
Sorry Claude. J Kline, editor
Thanks to William Blaher, 422/I This may be old news to most all. The U.S. Army News Service just
    circulated a notice: World War II veterans who earned the Combat Infantry Badge or Combat Medical Badge are eligible to receive the Bronze Star.
Contact the Service officer in your County Court House, or some other service organization for papers to apply.
Rule changes in Memoriam Listings
    In all the years that the CUB has been published the rule for listings of deaths of Association members was that "Veterans Only have been listed"'
    That rule still applies. "Veteran's deaths" will always be listed - when the details are known' General opinion of our veterans and overall age of our organization suggests that this rule is be relaxed.
    Any "current" Association member's death with the status of an Associate or Auxiliary Membership will be published in a separate section of the "Memoriam" when requested by a surviving member of the family.
Note, this is "when requested."
    Write or call the editor, John Kline, or any other officer with the details. See the inside front cover page for "Officer's list" or the "Editor's" page for address/telephone number of the editor.

Page: 8

Front & Center ...

106. Infantry Division Association, Inc, Treasurer's Report
July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003
Associate DueL' $410.00
Auxiliary Dues 237.00
Life Dues 5,725.00
Members Dues 8,130.00
Total Dues 14,502.00
55. Reunion Su237'00 5,748.29
Cavanaugh Manuscripts (8,130'0025.00) 227.414,502'00
Donations 1,353.00
Interest and Dividends 3,153.82
Sale of Books 32.227'47
Sale of Merchandis1,353'00 421.00
Total Receipts $25,438.08
ADA Represent32'50 $91.22 2,983.80 903.00 126.37 38.64 608.15
Andersonville Memorial (net of 810.00) Backup Computer
Bank Charges
Sherod Collins Plaque
Computer Supplies
Layout $1,901.00
Mailing 1,963.38
Printi$91'22 2,983'800903'00
126'37C38'64 608'15.38
Equipment Supplies 356.72
Liability Insuranc12.590'00 545.00
Mailing and 16,454'38 1,512.84
Office Exp356'72 1,829.74
Office Supplies 143545'00
Officers Bond 170.00
OGL Medals 472.17
Postage 179.80
Reunion Mailing 613.28
56° Reunion Souvenirs 591.00
St. Vith Memorial 30.91
179'80 Memorial 552.49
613'28Expenditures $30,202.52591'00
Need of Funds from30'91ngs $4,764.44
Main Street Bank Edward Jones
Beginning Balance ($667.13) $74,811.56
Tran$4,764'44 12,000.00 (12,000.00)
Receipts 22,284.26 3,153.82
Disburse$74,811'56 (30,20232) -0-
Balance J(12,000'00)3 $3,414.61 $65,965.3,153'82
Respectfully submitted: Richard L. Rigatii, Treasurer

Mini-Reunions Continued....
     It is apparent, as time goes by, that our Mini-Reunions are being spread out over the year' This used to be a December event, celebrating, the anniversary of the Batik of the Bulge. Now beeause of our age, bad weather conditions, we have them held in just about every part of the year That's Great! - Who cares when they are held, as long as we get together, at least once a year in remembrance of those days in 1944-45, and in comradeship with our 106th buddies, wives and families. Go at it. Do it, then send me a report with a couple of well lighted photos. I would appreciate either the original glossy or a digital camera file. Ink Jet print photos do not reproduce well for technical reasons.
John Kline, CUB Editor
Topeka, Kansas
1311 and Mary Lou Stahl, 211 Arapahoe Ct, Junction City, KS 6641
     The 2002 8th Mini Reunion for k\Kansas and the Kansas City Area were held on December 16th at the Coyote Canyon, Topeka, Kansas. Following a steak buffet, an interesting and lively discussion with books, written material, pictures and memories was shared by all
     The 2003 Mini-Reunion will be held on the same date, December 16, 2003 commencing at 11:30 am, at the Coyote Canyon, comer of Wanamaker and Huntoon - just off 1-70, at Topeka. KS. All are invited to attend'
    Back Row from left: Richard Schoeck, 106th SIG; John Stewart, 423/SV'     Front Row from left: Dennis Wright, 424/A; Arletia Stewart; Mary Ellen Mock; Mary Lou Stahl; Phyliss Jones; Martin Jones, 423/G
Guests of John and Arletia Stewart were their son, Bob Stewart and his fiance' Nancy Berm.
I lie (lilt ihi• Golden Lion
Mini-Reunions Continued....
Camp Hill, Pennsylvania
Truman W' Christian, 27 Center Drive, Camp Hill, PA 17011
    For many years we have held our may Mini-Reunion at Downingtown, PA at Hoss's Restaurant. Art and Ruth-Alice drive approximately on and one half hours from Manasquan, NJ for our "annual" reunion. Six of us in Harrisburg PA meet and ride for an hour in Elmer Brice's van and that also provides us with more reunion time' We decided this year to stay overnight at a nearby hotel. Thanks to Art Potts for the photos.
    Men Ur: Elmer Brice, Sr' 422/L; Norman Simmons, 424/D; Truman Christian, 424/D; Art Potts 424/K Ladies Ur: Ruth-Alice Potts, Betty Simmons, Janet Brice, Anne Christian
    PS: Each year Dec, Jan or Feb we also have a mini-reunion in Mechanicsburg and that one ineludes Ralph Coble, 424/A' Since the Brices are in Florida and the Potts in New Jersey we have a second reunion in May'

Page: 11

WAR STORIES - Personal Histories
Author: John M. "Jack" Roberts 592/C
1059 Alter Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304 248-338-2667
    1st Vice President Roberts has written a book about his experiences while with 592/C which highlights being ambushed and captured by the Germans on the first day of the Battle of the Bulge.
    The book gives a detailed account of his harrowing escape while being marched behind enemy lines as a Prisoner of War. Early chapters tells about his youth including his military training leading up to his capture and finishes with his adjustment to civilian life with its rewards.
    The Book will be for sale in the Hospitality Room at the Drawbridge Inn in Ft' Mitchell, KY along with the other memorabilia that John Gilliland has for sale. Each book bought at the Hospitality Room a percentage of the cost will be donated to the 106th Association Treasury. Autographs will be given upon request."
Author Hal Taylor, 423/CN, 2172 Rockridge Dr., Grand Junction, CO 81503
    hal@jg'net 970-245-7807 Available hWp://www. I as a hard copy or electronic transfer' A Teen's War describes the experiences of a small town boy in the latter stages of World War II. Portions originated from letters written home about induction, training, and time overseas with the 423rd Regiment of the 106th Infantry Division and that unit's short period of combat in the Battle of the Bulge.
    The story is unique compared to most war books, for it contains none of the pedantic pretenses of most military histories, filled with strategy or the so-called 'Big Picture.' Instead, A Teen's War tells how a young, private soldier became aware of reality and the world around him despite his limited view.
    All readers who have ever heard the words, 'missing in action,' will find this book interesting' Readers who were prisoners of war themselves, particularly of the Germans, will recall those hellish times and understand that recollection enables one to live and to cope with the realities of today.
456 pages $50'00 + $6 shipping
Author Dean F. Jewett 168th Combat Engineers, PO Box 249, Saco ME 04072
    Author made two trips to St Vith, Rhine River, Armor School Library, Military History Institute, plus personal information from 168th Combat Veterans
    168th Combat Engineer Battalion, was attached to the 106th Inf Division at St Vith. Their three line companies were defending the Prumerberg. A battalion of 600 men suffered 335 casualties, 33 KIA, the others wounded, POWs or MIA. The 168th is credited with Normandy Invasion, Northern France, Rhineland, assault crossing of the Rhine River (where it had not been successfully crossed in over 1,000 years, Central Europe. Ending up near Czechoslovakia.

Page: 12

106th Infantry Division Association - PX Items ....
Send Order to our PX Manager John Gilliland, address below No credit cards - make your Checks payable to:
John Gilliland
140 Nancy Avenue
Boaz, AL 35957-6060
If you call seeking information please refer to the line number of the item listed below.
1. Cap, ball, mesh back, adjustable, 106th Logo/Washington $10.00 + $3,50 S&H
2. Cap, ball, mesh back, adjustable, 106th Logo/WW II Memorial $12,00 + $3,50 S&H
3. 106th shoulder Patch, duplicate of original, 21/2" $3,00 PP
4. Patch, pocket, etc. 106th Inf. Div. Assn., 4" $3,00 PP
5. Flag Set, US & 106th w/base, miniature (limited) $10,00 PP
6. Address Index, expandable, magnetic, credit card size, w/106th Logo, Gold, $3.00 PP
7. Decal, 4", like 4" Patch, peel and stick $2,00 PP
8. Decal, 4"x 6", 106th Logo on Red & Blue Flag, peel & stick $2,00 PP
9. Decal, 4" x 10", Combat Infantry Badge (CIB), peel & stick $2,00 PP
10. Decal, 1-318", Lion's Head, 60 to sheet, peel & stick $3,00 PP
11. Lapel Pin, Hat, etc. St, Louis, w/106th Logo (15 left) $3.00 PP
12. Lapel Pin, Hat or tie or dress (raised Gold) in red & blue circle $3,00 PP
13. Lapel Pin, same as above - with bar and chain for tie tac, $4.00 PP
14. Scratch Pads, 5" x 8", (50 sheets) w/106th Logo, Battles, etc. $3,00 PP
15. Planner, Two Year, pocket size, w/106th logo (Nice) $3,00 PP
16. Windbreaker, lined, Blue w/106th 4" patch on left front XL and XXL $ 25,00 + 4,50 S&H
    17. T/Shirt, Jerzees w/ colored Artist Photo of 106th Logo and WWII Memorial on front Med, Large and Xtra Large $12.00 - 2X $14.00 - 3X $15,00 Plus $3.50 S&H each
18. Colored Artist Photo, 8x10 inch, suitable for framing $2.00 each PostPaid
    Your choice showing: j, World War II Memorial 2' 106th WWII locations, as detailed on Afghans. State your choice and how many you want, Order both at this low price,

Page: 13

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003
Dr. John 10 Robb Memorial Chairman, at the "Unveiling of the Plaque"
John Schaffner Association Pres 2002-2003, to his left
The 106th Infantry Division - Plaque Dedication Ceremony
Sunday, May 25, 2003 Andersonville
National Prisoner of War Museum
    In our 11 AM Dedication Ceremony, there were about 75 in attendance, of which 20 were 106th Infantry Division veterans. Fourteen States were represented.
    Andersonville Prison was in operation fourteen months in 1864 - 1865. There were 45,000 prisoners. There were 13,000 deaths.
In 1970 Andersonville was made an National Historic Site. In 1998 Andersonville was made a "Prisoner of War Museum."
    The color guard was from Warner robins Air Force Base. The Andersonville National Historic Site afternoon Memorial Day Service was very impressive.
    In the closing ceremony - laying of wreaths - John Schaffner, 106th Infantry Division Association President and John Roberts, Association 1st Vice- President, placed the 106th Wreath. It was a Memorial Day we shall remember. Dr. John C Robb, 422/
106th Infantry Division Association Plaque
from the
who fouglit in the
of the 111.11,CV.,
many of Whom were captured
after exhausting their means to resist
when surrounded in the
Schnee rifel region of Cennany,
and during actions near St. Nish, Belgium
in December 1444 and WWI 1945.

Page: 14

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 ..
Opening by Superintendant Boyle Pledge of Allegiance by John Schaffner, Pres
Andersonville NationaF.1,1),ric Site 106th Infantry Division Association
Invocation by Past Chaplain Ewell C. Black Jr.
Walter Bridges 2nd VP 106th Assoc at Podium Dr. John F.1,1). 106th Assoc Mem, 11 Chairman
John Schaffner, Pres at the side

Page: 15

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 ....
Above: Association President
John Schaffner
presenting Sherod Collins with a
plaque for many long years of
"Services Rendered"
to the 106th Infantry Division Association
Below: Carl Canup 424/C and John Robb, 422/D,
Memorial Chairman in front of the newly dedicated
106th Infantry Division POW plaque
Send your donations for POW Memorial
Plaque to Association Treasurer
See inside front cover for address
Sherod Collins, 423/SV w/ friend Martha Brocata
with his newly acquired plaque inscribed:
Presented to Sherod Collins,
106th Infantry Division 423/SV
ORDER of the GOLDEN LION Commander Class 1973
President 1975; Adjutant 1964-1968;
Historian 1961-2003; Treasurer 1964 - 2003
With warmest friendship from his comrades
in arms 2003"

Page: 16

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 . .
Presenting the wreath at the Red River Valley Fighter Pilots Association Ceremony
1st V. P. John (Jack) Roberts, 592/C, John Schaffner, 589/A, President
and Jr. ROTC Cadet as Flower Bearer
Color Guard from Warner Robins Air Force Base

Page: 17

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 ....
106th MEMORIAL PLAQUE DEDICATION PROGRAM Opening Remarks John R. Schaffner President
Advancement of Colors' Robins Air Force Base Warner Robins, Georgia
Pledge of Allegiance . John M. Roberts First Vice President
Invocation'' Reverend Ewell C. Black, Jr'
Welcome 'Fred Boyle,s,Superintendent, Andersonville NHS
Remarks John R. Schaffner President
Tribute to Sherod Collins
Remarks Walter G Bridges Second Vice President
Unveiling of the Plaque/Remarks .'...............Dr. John G Robb Memorial Chairman
Benediction Reverend Ewell C' Black
Facts of the 106 Infantry Division
TYPE OF DIVISION: Army of the United States
NICKNAME: Golden Lion" Division
SONG: "Onward Lions of 106 to Victory," words and music by Frank Power.
    ACTIVATION DATE: 15 March 1943. INACTIVATION DATE: 2 October 1945, Camp Shanks, NY COMPONENT UNITS: 422,423 and 424 lnf Regis; 81 Engr Combat Bn; 106 Cav Rcn Tp (Mee.); 331 Med Bn. Div Arty: 589, 590 and 591st FA Bns (105 how) and 592 FA Bn (155 how). Sp Tps: 106 QM Co, 106 Sig Co, 806 Ord Co (LM), Hq Co, MP Plat and Band. TRAINING UNDER ARMY GROUND FORCES: The division was activated at Fort Jackson SC, and was assigned to the DI Corps of the Second Army The 106th came through its first test, during the Second Anny maneuvers held in Tennessee from Jan to Mar 1944, with flying colors. In March 1944, the division was transferred to Camp Atterbury, Ind., under the second Army'
DATE ENTERED COMBAT: (Division) 10 December 1944.
COMBAT DAYS (DIV): 63 RETURNED TO U.S.: 1 October 1945
BATTLE CREDITS: (Division) Northern Franee, Ardennes; and Rhineland.
    SUCCESSIVE COMMANDING GENERALS: MG Alan W Jones from 15 Mar 1943 through Nov 1944; MG Donald A Stroh from Feb 1945 to inactivation.
    DISTINGUISHED UNIT CITATION: 81st Engr Cmbt Bn for 16-23 Dec 1944 action in Germany. COMBAT HIGHLIGHTS: On I 1 Dec 1944, the 106th Infantry Division went into the line in Belgium. It was a quid sector. Five days later all the hell of modem war broke loose in that sector. The full force of Von Rundstadt's breakthrough spearhead came up against the 106th. The regiments of the division absorbed all the power which the Germans could deliver at that point. Only a handful of men from the regiments came back, but it could be said of the division as a whole that it went down fighting' The German attack started 16 Dec 1944' The enemy turned its guns on the 422nd and 423n1 Inf Regis and followed up with infantry and tank assaults. On 23 Dec the division pulled baek to reorganize, but was thrown into the line once again the next day. It finally helped to halt the Germans on the north side of the salient between Stavelot and Manhay. During the gigantic GOT111111 offensive the 106th suffered 8603 casualties, which included more than 7000 men missing. Before the last big drive into the Reich could gain momentum, the division was pulled back to Rennes France for rehabilitation While there it also eonstituted the reserve for American troops investing the St Nazaire and Lorient pockets. When the Germans began to surrender by the thousands in April and early May 1945, the 106th was rushed east to take over the partly-built prisoner of war cages and to handle the masses of humanity who were milling about in American held territory. The division in June 1945, had a strength of 40,000 men, three times the size of an ordinary Infantry Division, because of the gigantic task it had to undertake on caring for prisoners and displaced persons' Late in June the division had headquarters at Bad Ems, and was disposed along a 340 mile front. The division sailed for the US in late Sep 1945 and was inactivated upon arrival in this country.

Page: 18

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 ....
Sponsored by Red River Valley Pilots Association and Andersonvill National Historic
Site' The National Park Service, Andersonville, GA
Master of Ceremonies. Dave Lorenzo Red River Valley Fighter Pilot
Advaneement of Colors „ Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany
Pledge of Allegianee
National Anthem
Invocation Fred Smith Red River Valley Fighter Pilot
Retirement of Colors Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany
Special Presentation Gordie Tushek, Georgia Chairman Red River Valley
Fighter Pilots
Welcome Fred Boyles, SupT Andersonville National Historic Site
Remarks . Paul Dallas National Senior Vice Commander American Ex-
Prisoners of War
Recognition of Veterans. Wayne Waddell Past President, NAM-POWs
Introduction of Speaker . James Sehom Georgia's State Inspeetor General
Address' George Harrison Director, Research Operations Georgia Tech
Institute Closing Ceremony Laying of Fred Boyles
Patriotic & Civic Organizations ...... .........''.' Escorted by Americus/Sumter High School JROTC
Directed by Major Johnny Womack
Rifle Salute. ..„ Robins Air Force Base Rifle Team
Benediction Dick Stratton Past President, NAM-POWs
"God Bless America"

Page: 19

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 ....
Overlooking the AndersonviNe Cemetery
.1111=6111g um gut i13,11"4111.-
Andersonville Cemetery
Walter Greve, 423/HQ 1Bn at POW Museum
Photo Credits throughout this
Andersonville display:
John Schaffner, Pres;
Jack Roberts, 1st VP;
Walter Bridges, 2nd VP;
Joseph Massey, Board Member
John Robb, Memorials Chairman
and Mrs. Robb;
Walter Greve 423/HQ;
John Gatens 589th FAB

Page: 20

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003
Monument at Cemetery Entrance

Sculpture at National POW Wall
W Wall and Sculpture - National POW Museum

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 . . .
Rostrum Area used for dedication ceremonies
1st VP Jack Roberts and Pres John
Schaffner strolling by Rostrum area
Walt Greve at entrance POW Museum
Flower display at Rostrt at.

The CUB of the Golden Lion
Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 ..
Site of the only water available for all the prisoners ofAndersonville
-._-_--..111111111^111111111111b' 7INTRINEEP
Representing shelters built by the Andersonville POWs
Stockade area

Page: 23

Andersonville Memorial Dedication May 25, 2003 ....
    ATTENDING THE MEMORIAL PLAQUE CEREMONY Dr. John Robb, 106th Infantry Division Memorial Chairman reported approximately 75 persons from five states attending.
The following veterans, their familDr' and friends.
John Schaffner, 589/A; Jack Roberts, 592/C; Ewell Black Jr., 422/A;
Walter Bridges, 424/D; Dr. John Robb, 422/D; Sherod Collins, 423/SV;
Joseph Massey, 422/C; John Gilliland, 592/SV; Randolph Pierson, 589/HQ;
John Gatens, 589/A; Walter Snyder, 5Dr'A; Russell Gunvalson, 590/A;
Alvin Powers, 422/HQ 1st BN; Fred Smallwood, 423/HQ 1st BN;
Bill Jenkins, 422/H; Bob Howell, 424/HQ 2BN; Bob Peters, 422/K;
Walter Greve, 423/HQ 1st BN; Jack Woodward, 590/HQ and Carl Canup, 424/C
I hope I haven't missed any, if so let John Kline, CUB Editor know
and he will report it in the next CUB
World of Lost Souls
Old photo showing thousands of
POWs huddled together
Andersonville POW Camp
Old photo showing an
area of Andersonville
POW Camp tents

Page: 24

New Members ...

Note to ALL new members:
Welcome back to the 106th
    If you are on email and have not indicated so, please send me an email address so that you can be added to the nearly 400 members that are on my "Bulge List."
    Total membership at this moment is 1,617. If, as a new member you failed to make a statement with your application please do so now, and I will include it in the next CUB' My address appears on the inside cover and on the editor's page of every CUB magazine' John Kline, Editor. jpk@mm'com

Known as "Ankas." Wife's name: Friebl.
    He writes, "A post-Bulge replacement at the surrender of the St Nazaire and Lorient pockets in Northern France, plus Camp Coetguidon, France where the division colors were restored. When the division returned Stateside was transferred to the 65. Signal Battalion in Bad Orb, Germany, Stalag 9-B where many soldiers of the division had been kept as POW's.
Welcome back to the 106th. Ankis'


Welcome back to the 106. good buddy' John Kline, 423/M Editor, The CUB

ocestes35 @ wmconnect'com

Wife's name Reva

Son of Dharlys (associate) and William 592/ A (deceased).
Thanks Bruce for the Life membership' Thanks also to your mother', Dharlys'
John Kline. Cub Editor

BLOOMF7ELD, IA 52537 414-291-0825
My father was PFC Joe Friday, 422/B

CORDOVA, IN 38018-7207 12175 QUAL RIDGE ROAD
rdickerson2 midsouttur'com HUNTLEY, IL 60142
Was drafted 5th of march 1943. A 847-961-6007
    week later was sent to Fort Jackson, SC. Stayed in the 424th to Camp Atterbury where I was sent to POE, Germany and the 30th Infantry Division, 117th Regiment Was discharged from A Welsh convalescent hospital in April.

423-396-9470 Buck78@comcast.cony(
    Wife's name Elizabeth. Thanks to you Marion Ray. In your last email you gave me a list of names, none rang a bell' I do remember my Squad Leader was Sgt Obersack(?) from Philadelphia. Platoon

Page: 25

New Members ....

    Leader was Sgt McCool from Altoona, PA and the CO was W'B' Stewart from Tenn. I was born, raised and drafted from Baltimore, MD.
I would also like the "Division History Book'"
    Editor's Note: Charles the book we call our "Division History Book" could possible be purchased as indicated below Current prices are not known, if they are available.
    The history of the 106th Infantry Division is well documented in a book that was written, shortly after the war, by Colonel Ernst Dupuy a renowned World War II historian' Entitled ST. VITH: A Lion in the WAY. It is available in some libraries (ISBN 0-89839-092-3). A reprint of the book is available from Battery Press, Inc', PO Box 198885 - Uptown Station; Nashville, TN 37219. ($39'95 + $4'00 shipping) 615-298-1401 There are very few copies left and there will be no more reprints'
Give it a try' Let me know at , John Kline CUB editor.
You might also try the "Used Books" locations on the interne'

1478 S. VALHALLA DR UPLAND, IN 46989 dnihuberObpsbetcom
Joined 106th Spring of 1945 as a replacement. Please send a few back issues of The CUB magazine.
    Editor's Note: David Will do. Also will send a list of your buddies that currently belong to the Association and some other propoganda. John Kline, editor.

    A member of 422/A as a PFC I was captured with others of my unit in the Ardennes. Sent to Stalag IV-B, shipped out to a small German town named "Bitterfeld'" Held there in a small makeshift jail with 20 other Americans' We worked in an open soft-coal pit mine in the day time' There was a factory nearby that made "brickets." We also filled "Bomb Craters'" We had our share of cold weather living, starving, bomb raids. We were lucky to get back home. Some were not that lucky.
Editor's Note: Sounds like you were in the
same place as Dan Beid, also of 422/A, your unit
    Thanks Bob, nice talking to you. That made my day! His wife Millie is an Associatie member. I will send you Millie's address -- you may want to touch based know she would appreciate it. J Kline, editor)



YOUNGSTOWN, OH 44511-1047
    Dorothy, his wife wrote, "Enclosed find a check for a LIFE membership for Charles. He is an EX-POW. Headquarters Company, Pi Battalion, 422. Infantry Regiment"

22 W BRYAN ST #240
    My uncle Carl Arthur Koski was a member of Company A of the 424. Combat Infantry regiment. I am researching the experiences of the Koski brothers in World War II. All six of them were in the war' Would
appreciate hearing from any person that, knew him.

    I was a radio operator in 1061. Signal during the Bulge. I joined the division when it was activated in 1943 at Fort Jackson, SC. I stayed with it through the Bulge when it was split up. I've forgotten all the code I ever knew. I am now retired and spending Summers in Hyannisport, MA. I'd be interested in hearing from any of the "Radio Section" who are still active.

Page: 26

New Members...

EUSTIS, FL 32726
    A rifleman in :K Company, 423. Infantry I was a POW in Slaughterhouse 5, Dresden. After the war worked as a tool & die manufacturer and retired in 1981' My hobbies are fishing and playing Senior Softball. Have a World Series Ring with the Kids & Kubs Team of St. Petersburg, Florida in year 2000 at Detroit, Michigan. My wife, Via Marie and I had two children' Lived in Ann Arbor, Michigan' 1945 - 1981

Harold my apologies for not listing you in the last edition. Welcome back to the 106*' John Kline, editor.

Raymond Is the son of member Harold Palmer 331 MED/HQ, above
Thanks Raymond and welcome to the 106..

PO BOX 222

Son of Joseph, above'
    Dad recalls this after 50 years' We also sent in our application for membership in the Association yesterday. I think he will enjoy reading the CUB magazine. We have printed off some of the accounts we have read.. Some too long to print off for now.
This will be rather long and we tried to get it down in the order that it happened,
To the best of his memory:
Joe Patzuer's Account of Battle of Bulge
    I was in the Service Battery. I went to Ft. Jackson at activation and I was there from start to finish until captured. We went to St. Vith to pick up some supplies on probably December 14.
We then took supplies to B Battery and nothing happened that night.
    The next day, we were taking supplies to Battalion headquarters and saw an MP at the intersection and told him I wanted to head for Battalion headquarters and he told me to go straight ahead. I came to Bleialf and noticed it looked deserted, but kept going and started observing things and thought I could see something going on in the woods up ahead that didn't look right to me, so I went back to Bleialf and to where that MP was supposed to be and there wasn't anyone there, so I took the other road to where I thought headquarters was, got there and unloaded my supplies.
I then went back to the bivouac area.
    I think the MP that was supposed to be at that crossroad that sent me to Bleialf was killed by the Germans and they used his uniform and impersonated the MP and directed me in the wrong direction. I later found out that the MP had been killed.
    " A" Battery called for ammunition for the howitzer and my truck was available, so they loaded the ammunition onto my truck and when I got there, they were taking it right off the truck and putting it into the gun and started firing at some tanks. As soon as I was unloaded, they sent me out of there. I went back to the bivouac area. This was on December 16.
    The German forwarding party came through the morning of the 17th of December and we had some casualties, so they loaded them into my truck and sent me to St. Vith or Schonberg to get medical aid wherever I could.

Page: 27

New Members ....

    What happened to the Service Battery after that, I don't know except from what I have read. Apparently the main attack came through and they were getting circled by tanks, etc. and I had no communication with them after I left our Service Company.
    I just got to Schonberg where I ran into resistance. The roads were blocked with trucks and someone took the casualties and we were told to take our truck to the farmhouse on the west side of the road and stay there to see what happened. There were stragglers coming through and stayed with us at the farmhouse. It was late that night when the Germans came, kicked in the doors and took us prisoneis. We were taken to Stalag 9-B at Bad Orb on Christmas Eve by train and was strafed by American planes which I assume were returning from a mission and didn't know there were American soldiers aboard the train. I was there about a month and then we moved to Zeigenhain, Stalag 9-A.
    Medical care was nonexistent. We were fed thin soup at noon and a slice of bread in the evening. Sleeping quarters consisted of beds made of boards 18 to 20 inches wide' One of these was assigned to each two prisoners. The men spent most of their time in these since their lack of food kept them so weak they were barely able to get up to walk to meals.
    Some Red Cross packages that had been sent to prisoners in the camp never found their way into the camp. The packages were later found in German homes by the prisoners after their liberation on March 28 or 29.
    When the American tanks came through, they were throwing their K rations and whatever they had in their tanks to the prisoners. I lost down to about 110 pounds'

3198 NW 125. STREET MIAMI, FL 33167 305-681-4444
    Andy comes to us from George "Rocky" Moyer , a Life Member from 424/CN. Rocky wrote, "I have a friend who is very interested in the 106. Infantry Division. I have been sending my CUB Magazine to him and he enjoys it. Here is a check for $75.00 to sign him on as a LIFE Member Associate.
    Editor's Note: That's the way to go Rocky. Thanks for your Interest in our division. Hope you enjoy The CUB' J Kline, editor.


    I am ,a niece of a veteran, Coleman Estes, 81. Engineers. I am also writing a book about the battle focusing on Company B, 81. Engineers.
Any input would be appreciated.

    Editor's Note: Harold, Nice to see your name come in as a new member. 1 contacted you many years ago, 1987' 1 mention you in my "War Diary" on my web site' The website is at: httr/Iwwwmm.conduserejpiclwardiary.htm
    I said this, in part: In 1917 I acquired a list of the 106th Division members belonging to "The Veterans of the Battle of the Bulge. I called one of the fisted awn, Harold Gene Sanger of Danville, Illinois (6/4/87) He, was a member of I Company,'423rd Infantry Regiment. He said, "Yes, I was in the woods. I don't know exactly where. "
Welcome back to the 106th John Kline, CUB Editor

Page: 28

New Members...

Sign me on as an annual member along with
my wife, Margaret as am Auxiliary member.

SUPPAN, VINCENT V. 591/C -- 591/HQ
EXTON, PA 19341
Please sign me on as a LIFE MEMBER' Also please sign my wife, Josephine on as a Life Associate
    involving the messages that flowed during the Bulge' These messages were used as a basis for the Colonel's "Tank Commander's Training Session at Fort Know, when he was active Commander of the training school' Excellent position maps of several of the units involved in the BULGE' I have only those connected to the 106th and will send you a set along with the Welcome Letter you will have received before you read this
Also, thanks for the donation. It will be listed in the Front & Center column.
We are proud to have you aboard. John Kline, Editor The CUB.


PSC 9 Box 1767
APO AE 09123
    david'westhausen@spangdablem' My father-in-law was in 424/E' My wife's name is Eileen. Susan, David's wife also joins us as an Auxiliary LIFE member.
    I'm a history buff and a member of the WWII Society-Europe' The "Society" is a small non-profit organization that provide WWII battlefield tours to the local military community at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany to heighten their awareness of the sacrifices American made in the Second World War' Our motto is "Dedication, Honor and Remembrance."
    During our tours I've become quite attached to the 106th Infantry Division's history and have personally conducted site visits and provided commentary around the Schnee Eifel, Bleialf,
Schonberg and Parker's Crossroads.
I would consider it an honor to become an Associate member of the 106th Infantry Division Association,
    David, thank you for the service you have done to our division in your tours and teachings' It is OUR honor to have you as an Associate member. We have a fairly large group of supporters in Belgium, France, Holland and a couple of members in Germany.
    I have some excellent maps that were prepared by Colonel Nicholas Andreachhio, (USA, Armor Ret)' The maps are part of an unpublished book

I am enclosing a check for $75'00 for Life Associate membership'
    My husband (deceased) was Lewis B' Williams 422/HQ. I did not want my membership to expire' I enjoy reading The CUB from cover to cover.
    Some of the things I read reminds me of "things" that my husband told me about his experience as a soldier and as a POW.
I always attend our "Mini-Reunion" each year at Fort Jackson, South Carolina'
(Editor's note: Thank you Lucille for your support and the kind words. J Kline. editor)

I am renewing this membership for my Father as a father's Day gift'
Ingrid Young Jenkins

Page: 29

In Memoriam . . .

    In all the years that the CUB has been published, the rule for listings of deaths of Association members was that "Current paid Veterans Only" were listed'' Due to time, general opinion, and overall age of our organization that rule is being relaxed.
    There will be two sections: One section for current paid veteran members. Another section, by request only, for current paid Auxiliary (spouses) and current paid Associate members'

Milton L. Brown 591/? CWO (USA Ret)
2503 Clinton Street (last known) Longview, 7X 75604. Date of death unknown -- CUB returned marked "deceased"

Hiram Cary (H.C.) Coan 423/B
200 Fairview Drive, McDonough, GA 30253
Date of death March 7, 2003. Reported by Susan Dickerson, daughter

Frank J. Gombotz 422/HQ 1Bn
315 S Ridgeland Ave, Oak Park, IL 60302
Date of death March 15, 2003. Reported by his sister Maryrose Thoma, 118 N Fairview Ave, Mt Prospect, I160056

Glen O. Hartleib 592/Service Battery
1805 Olive Street, Highland, IL 62249
% Gary Hartleib, 103 South Tower Rd, Carbondale, IL 62901 618-529-1920
Date of Death February 22, 2003. Reported by Gary G. Hartleib, son.
    Glenn died a week after suffering a stroke, My mother, Nadine Hartleib suffered from a broken hip and complications died on January 13, 2003. Dad was almost 84. His 84th birthday would have been on February 26, 2003. Dad was a radio operator and mechanic, operating both code and radios. He was responsible for the repair and maintenance of radio equipment. He was in charge of twelve men. He returned to Highland where he lived his entire life. He worked as a Railway Express clerk, propane gas delivery man, furniture salesman and installer of floor coverings. He worked well into his 70's' My parents enjoyed traveling, visiting Europe and Hawaii several times, as well as Russia, Denmark, Sweden and the Czech Republic. In later years they traveled to many USA locations. Glenn and Nadine leave one son and a daughter-in-law, Gary Glen and Karen Twitty-Hartleib of Carbondale, two grandchildren, Chris and Wend Hartleib of Highland, IL and Jennifer and Don Howard of Murphysboro, Illinois and three great-grand children, Geoffrey and Hannah Hartleib and Ella Katherin Howard, born less than a month after Glenn died.
Rest In Peace

In Memoriam...

Raymond T. Makowske, Sr 423/C
8261 Valleyfield Road, Latherville, MD 21093
    Date of death June 10, 2003. Ray was a member of a 60mm mortar squad, captured and held in Kommando 557 at Dresden, later known as "Slaughterhouse 5'" In April 1945, on the approach of the Russian Army the prisoners were turned out to make their way to the American lines. He eventually made contact with the 87th Infantry Division and was returned to the USA. After a lengthy R&R Ray was discharged on 12 December 1945'

Dr. John B. Martin 422 MED
Box 252, Brownsville, PA 15417
    Date of death July 21, 2003. Past-President notified us he had a call from Mrs. Pearl Martin that the Doctor had died after a lingering illness. Dr. Martin was a Captain in the 422"d Medical' He was captured and incarcerated in Stalags 11 and 111 according to his wife Pearl.

Wilbert F. Paquette DIV ARTY/ HQs Battery
28931 Bestes, Saint Claire Shores, MI 48081
Date of death January 2, 2003 Reported by Shirley Paquette, Wilbert's wife'
    She reported the death of her husband of 53 years. A graduate of Lake Linden High school Wilbert was the proud father of daughters Cynthia, May Pat and Leslie' After recovering from wounds from his capture Wilbert raised a family. He was loved and respected by all and never missed any of his grandchildren's activities. Recipient of the Purple Heart and other WWII medals, he was a Life member of the 106. Infantry Division Association' His wife Shirley would like to hear from his friends'

Roger M. Rutland 424/B
971 Point Drive, Marietta, GA 30068
Date of death June 25, 2003
Note: In the May CUB we reported the death of his wife Mattie as of March 7, 2003'
    I am sure we could fill this book with testimonials about l' Sergeant Rutland' My information seems sparse compared to the great gentleman and soldier that he was' He was loved and honored by every person that ever met him.
    Roger was a Past President of the 106' Infantry Division Association' He was the loved First-Sergeant of "B" Company, 424. Combat Infantry Regiment. He was held in high esteem by his men. Articles have appeared in the CUB magazine about he and his "B" Company. This editor remembers him, on one occasion remarking that the hardest part of his front line duty was the reporting of the deaths of young soldiers who the night before had been placed in his command and sent immediately up front He was sadden deeply because he "hardly" knew them. He was kind and gentle man'
He was a very active member of the Association, since 1976. Served on the Board
of Directors, then through various offices. He held the Order of the Golden Lion,
Commanders Class, a prestigious award for services rendered to the Association and
not in any way connected to Army service. He helped conduct or organize three 106.
Association Reunions at Fort Jackson as well as the Mini-reunions held in his area'
Rest In Peace

In Memoriam ....

    Irwin Smoler, 424/B wrote, "Roger and Mattie had two daughters, Rubye Hunberger and Elaine Helms. I do know that Roger was a regular Army man that retired after many years of service all over the world. He told me once that he earned the second Combat Infantry badge in Korea and the Soldiers medal sometime during his career' He seldom talked about himself.
I do know that the 106. Infantry Division was his first love. He came to the
division as cadre from the 80"' Infantry Division. He was a soldier's First Sergeant!
    Jay Tronco, Roger Rutland's Nephew wrote, "It is with great sadness that I write to inform you of my Uncle's death. I was in Europe when Mattie died, his wife of over 60 years' Roger had Alzheimer's. After that time Roger's health deteriorate., He was placed in a medical assisted facility. He died peacefully and without incident."

Albert F. Schuller 422/B
2 Marmaduke Lane, Savannah, GA 31411
    Date of death: February 26, 2003 An envelope containing part of a CUB envelope was received from an unidentified person in Savannah at a different address reporting his death' Our records show "Betty" as his wife.

John P. Schuller 590/B
9909 S 67th E Avenue, Tulsa, OK 74133
    Date of death Jul 17, 2003 reported by wife Betty. Buried at Fort Snelling Cemetery, St' Paul, MN. Betty wrote, "John always loved his country and was proud to serve in the U'S' Army. He lived and died a dedicated citizen who always supported the military and would not allow any person to discredit it in his presence. He was discharge June 1946. Was in the Army Reserves June 1949 to May 1953."
Betty continued, "I wish to continue as an Associate Member."

Rest In Peace
In Memoriam...

Helen E. Carrico - Wife of L.J. (Jack) Carrico, 423/D, 423/H
1520 Sky Valley Drive, Apt #107, Reno, NV 89503
    Date of death February 20, 2003. She attended the 106' Annual meeting (3 Reunions) along with Jack. Jack and Helen had been married 50 years.
    Helen was a retired Junior High School Administrator (Principal) of the Sinaloa Jr' High, Sun Valley California. Survived by husband jack, son and daughter-in-law James and Karen of Reno; son Larry of Las Vegas; daughter Kathy of Reno; daughter and son-in-law, Mary and Ken Ferguson of Great falls, VA; brothers John and Donald St' Clair and eleven grandchildren.

Lucille C. Bugner - Wife of Thomas F. Bugner 590/B
2739 W Charleston Ave, Phoenix, AZ 85053
    Date of death December 19, 2002 Lucille was a Life member of the National EX-POW, Life member of the Phoenix, AZ EX-POW and the DAV Auxiliary. Lucille and her husband volunteered at the VA medical Center in Phoenix fora number of years. Survivors; her husband Thomas of 58 'A years, two daughters Patricia and Pamela and was preceded in death by one son, William Thomas. Grandmother of two, Great grandmother, several nieces and nephews.

Dorothy Merritt - Wife of Paul J. Merritt 331 MED/HQ
2302 Empire Drive, Wilmington, DE 19810
Date of death February 6, 2003
    She was the love of my life, married for 58 years. She is the one who talked me into joining the 106m Infantry Division Association. We were going to the Virginia Reunion, but she took sick with Cancer. She is missed terribly.

Helen McCarthy- Wife of Hany J. McCarthy 423/I
20 Hastings CT Apt g Yorktown Heights, NY 10598
Date of death December 20, 2002 (AX-POW Magazine)
    Helen was a member of the Hudson Valley Chapter AX-POW. Survived by her husband, Harry, 3 children, 8 grandchildren and 7 great grandchildren

Dorotha M. Watters - Wife of Jack H. Watters 423/G
32616 32". Avenue SW, Federal Way, WA 98023 Date of February 19, 2003
Interment in Tahoma National Cemetery, Kent, WA

Rest In Peace

Annual dues paying Members
"Annual Association dues"
$10 a year
$2 for Auxiliary
are due and Payable by July 1, each year
Annual Members not paid by the next CUB mailing (November 2002) will be removed from the Roster
(Pay up for LIFE $75 and forget the hassle)
Send your membership fees to:
Richard Rigatti, Treasurer
113 Woodshire Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15215

A quarterly publication of the
106th Infantry Division Association, Inc.
A nonprofit Organization - USPO #5054
So Paul, ,$1.V - Agent: John P Kline, Editor
Membership fees include CUB subscription
Paid membership August 15 2003 - 1,626

President John R. Schaffner
Past-President (Ex-Officio) Joseph P. Maloney
1st Vice-Pres John M' Roberts
2nd Vice-Pres Walter C. Bridges
Historian John Schaffner
Adjutant Marion Ray
CUB Editor, Membership John P. Kline
Chaplain Dr. Duncan Truenian
Memorials Chairman Or. John C.. Robb
Atterbury Memorial Representative Philip Cox
Resolutions Chairman Walter M. Snyder
Washington Liaison Jack A. Sulser
Order of the Golden Lion Chairman John O. Gilliland
Committee ..' Joseph Massey, Richard Rigatti
Nominating Committee Chairman Jack Roberts
Committee: Harry Martin, Walter Bridges Mini-Reunion Chairman Harry Martin
Editorial Matters, Membership Committee:
John P, Kline -CUB Editor
11 Harold Drive, Burnsville, MN 55337-2786
952-890-3155 -
Business Matters, Deaths, Address changes:
Marion Ray -Adjutant
704 Briarwood Drive, Bethalto, IL 62010-1168
Memorial Matters and Inquiries:
Dr. John G Robb - Memorial Chairman
238 Dcyore Dr,, Meadville, PA 16355
Membership Dues:
Richard L. Rigatti-Treasurer
113 Woodshire Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15215-1713
412-781-8131 Email:
Dr. Duncan Trieman, Chaplain
29 Overbill Lane, Warwick, NY 10990
845-986-6376 FAX 845-986-4121
Membership Fees
Life Vets/Associates .,. $75 Auxiliary $15
Annual Vets/Associates.., $10 Auxiliary $2
Annual Dues payable by June 30 each year,
Checks Payable to
"106th Infantry Division Association"
in care of Treasurer. See address above,

Board of Directors
John O. Gilliland, 592/SV (2003); 140 Nancy Street, Boaz, AL 35957; 256-593-6801
Frank Lapato, 422/HQ (2003); RD 8, Box 403, Kittanning., PA 16201; 724-548-2119 Email: flapato@talltel.nti
Harry E Martin, Jr, 424/L (2003); PO Box 221, Mount Arlington, NJ 07856; 973-663-2410 nuirtinjrWlixalnitconi
Ceorge Peres, 590/A (2003); 19160 Harbor Tree Court, NW Fort Myers, FL 33903; 941-731-5320
Charles F Rieck 422/II (2003); 7316 Voss Parkway, Midi., WI 53562; 60.831,110
Pete Yanchik, 423/A (2004); 1161 Airpoit Road, Aliquippa, PA 150014312; 412-375-6451
    Richard L. Rigatti, 423/B (2004); 113 Wood.= Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15215-1713; 412-781-8131 Emil:
    John R. Schaffner, 589/A (Exec. Comm.) . . . (2004); 1811 Miller Road, Cockeysville, MD 21030-1013; 410-584-2754 licnail: jseleillit(a)bipl.nd
    Jack A' Sulser, 423/F (2004); 917 N Ashton Strout, Alcitanclria, VA 22312-5506; 703-354-0221 Email: wised 1 (*.blink.
Robert R. Haasa, 422HQ (2005); 7215 LindaLako Drive, Chariotte,NC 28215-3617; 704567-1418
    John M. Roberts, 592/C (Exec. Comm.) (2005); 1059 Alter Road, BIoornfickl Hills, MI 4H304-1401; 248-338-2667 Entail: jinr810(alaol.aan
Waid Toy, 422/K (2005); 4605 Walk. Stnxt, 'ohm tibia, SC 29210-3941; 802-772-0132
Frank S' Trautman, 422/1/ (2005); 9 Meatlowcrest Drive, Parkersburg, WV 26101-9395; 304-42816454
    Walter G Bridges, 424/D (Exec. Comm.) (2006); 225 Laini Ave, Ilucytown, AL 35023-2410; 205-491-3409 Entail:
Joseph A. Massey, 422/C (2006); 4020 Spunky llolkov Rcl, Renilap, AL 35133-5546; 205-681-1701
Walter M. Snyder, 589/A (2006); 2901 Dinmiore Rd Apt 14, Dundalk, MD 21222-5123; 410285-2707
    Robert F. Sowell, 424/V (2006); 612 Via Del Monte, Pa1os Veal. Esiatm, CA 90274-1208; 310-378-5404 Einaihanitasowell@cirthlinkrma
    Hal Taylor, 423/CN (2006),; 2172 Rodaidge Dr, t ^nual Amain, CO 81503-2534; 970-245-7807
    Donald F. Herndon (424/L) . (2007) ,; 8313 NW 102, Oklahoma City, OK 73162.4026; 405-721-9164 Entail: oklastruns64aol.coni
Irwin C' Smoler (424/B) (2007); 87 Spica. Road, Scarsdale, NY 10583-7318
914-723-8835 Email: invin,c_tanoler(a)

The Cub
Vol. 59, No. 2, Jan , 2003

    This beautiful bronze plaque 24" x 36" with a full colored 106th emblem and a marble base will be dedicated at the Andersonville National Historic Site on Sunday May 25, 2003 See details of the time location and accomodations on page 2 of this CUB magazine.
Come join us. We hope that we will see you there.
Dr. John Robb
Memorial Chairman

from the
who fought in the
RAM" of the BULGE,
many of whom were captured
after exhausting their means to resist
when surrounded in the
Schnee Eifel region of Germany,
and during actions near St. Vith, Belgium
In December 1944 and January 1945.

President's View...
John R. Schaffner, President 2002-2003 106th Infantry Division Association
W Battery, 589th Field Artillery Battalion
1811 Miller Rd, Cockeysville, MD 21030-1013
Phone: 410-584-2754 Email:
     And, every story is different as to the personal, and the emotional experience, both then and afterward. You must know that the stories of two men in the same foxhole are going to be different enough to where both are going to think the other guy was in a different war. So, don't worry about that. Just put it on paper. Make it history.
     We certainly value the story featured in the November CUB, and this current Cub, written by John Califf, 423/I&R. This is the stuff of history. WE are the monuments to the 106th Infantry Division. But, we are temporary. Our stories make our history permanent.
     There is something else. There are historians out there, both amateur and professionals who profit from the books and documentary films they produce. Give them your story when they appeal for it. It is a fact that when you tell your story it gets passed on. That's the important thing. Be aware that someone out there is interested.
     There was a long time when I thought of myself as someone who kept a "low profile." I even considered that attribute responsible for getting me through the battle pt Parker's Crossroads. The score of that game was definitely in favor of the Germans, (although we did get a lot of "hits.")
     Now I find that I am the President of this Association with a great responsibility to you, the members. Actually, the responsibility of making our Association live rests on the shoulders of our members who take on the various jobs of the Board of Directors. These are the people who are doing what it takes to keep us an organization. Most important of all is our Cub Editor, John Kline, who works steadily throughout the year to produce the "glue" that sticks us together.
     By the time that you are reading this, the major number of our Mini-Reunions for this year will be history. Because of a "space" problem they will be reported in the May CUB. I hope that you will have participated in one of these local gatherings. If you live in a remote area where none exist, then just take someone to lunch and celebrate having lived through what happened to you fifty-eight years ago. Send a report to "The CUB." We are the survivors. That is something just by itself, Right?

An important announcement:
    Sherod Collins, Past-President and long time "Treasurer- Historian" of our Association has decided to retire from that position. He deserves thanks and praise from all of us for his long term in office. More about that in the next CUB.
    Richard Rigatti, Past-President has agreed to accept the position of "Treasurer." He is well suited for the position, a professional accountant for many years.
    For those of you with business, membership dues etc. for the "Treasurer" can find Rigatti's address on the inside front cover of this CUB magazine.
Thank you Sherod
Every one of you has a story to tell.

Page: 1

President's View ....
    Your Association is blessed by having a "living" Board of Directors. I mean the word "living" to denote that these individuals recognize their obligation to the membership and are concerned with executing their assignments. Not just warming the bench.
    In the wings we have more candidates for nomination to the board than there are chairS to fill. This is a healthy sign and indicates a willingness to serve that most of our members have. In spite of the statistical forecast of declining numbers our total membership is holding at around 1,600. Some of this is due to the influx of Associate Members. Eventually, I hope to see Associate Members come forward and take a more active role in the management of the Association. This will extend the life of the Association.
    Some of you have said, after joining our 106th Association, that your life has changed. Well, I certainly will admit that mine has. I don't know what I would be doing :.,, with my (extra) time, but for sure, what ever, it would not be nearly as satisfying. My visits to Europe probably would not have happened, had I not joined the Association.
    I would never have met those good and faithful friends that I now have in Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg. I know that most of you do not enjoy that same relationship simply because you have not returned to Europe. I must assure you that my visits back to the battlefield are as your representative. I realize that I represent all of you who will not make the trip. When honors are given it is because I represent you, the American soldier who restored their freedom. The honors are yours!
    The most important thing on my mind currently is to try to find a way to extend the life , of our Association to its very limit. We, as individuals, did our part to help defeat the Nazi Armies in WW II' Now the important thing is for us to use our Association as a sounding board to perpetuate the memory of those events. The Cub is the best tool we have. I thank you for being there for OUR Association. May God bless and keep us all in good health and make it possible for us to meet again and again for a long time to come. John R. Schaffner, 589/A President 2002-2003 106th Infantry Division Association,,
*** Important Announcement from John Robb, Memorial Chairman ***
106th Infantry Division Memorial
    11:00 AM Sunday May 25, 2003 Unveiling Ceremony / Dedication at the Andersonville National Historic Site In addition to our morning dedication service, Andersonville will have a 2:00 PM service with a major speaker and band. Picnicking is permitted in designated areas.,
Nearby places of Interest:
The National Prisoner of War Museum
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site
Habitat For Humanity International Tour Center and Museum .
Nearby accommodations in Americus, GA:
Holiday Inn Express (229) 928-5400, - Jameson Inn (229) 924-2726
Ramada Inn (229) 924-4431 - Windsor Hotel (229) 924-1555
To contribute to the cost of the memorial make check payable to
"Andersonville Memorial"
Mail it to Richard L. Rigatti, 106th Association Treasurer
113 Woodshire Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15215-1713 ,

Page: 2

..... as for me and my house, we will serve
Chaplain's Message . .
"Choose ye this day whom you will serve the Lord."
    "Quarreling began between Abram's herds-Men and the herdsmen of Lot. So Abram said to Lot. "Let's not have any quarreling '''let's, part company'"
    So Lot chose for himself the whole plain Of the Jordan and set out toward the east... Abram moved his tents and went to live near the great trees at Hebron, where he built an - altar to the Lord." Genesis 13
    Choices! We constantly make choices! On December 17, 1944, almost out of small arms ammo, and with enemy soldiers all around us, our orders were to make our way back to Saint Vith any way we could. My jeep, having been destroyed, I managed to climb aboard a 2 1/2 ton GMC along with others. Off we went in the early morning hours.
    A few miles further, the road was wooded on the left, with a wide open empty field On the right. At least it had been empty a day or two before. Now German soldiers with machine guns were covering our road very effectively. Forewarned, we stopped to decide what to do'.. whether to run the gauntlet or try to find another way. With no reason, able options available, we started down-the road at high speed. The Germans fired at us ,`, and we fired rifles and pistols as we went by, hoping to "Keep their heads down." Our vehicle ended up with quite a few holes, but we had not a one.
    Choices! I've often thought about that choice to go on. Risky! But the alternative would surely have resulted in our capture.
    We still make choices in life and sometimes they're risky. The leap of faith is risky. Commitment of any kind is risky. Sacrifice is risky. Love is risky. Every choice worth making involves a risk.
    "Choose ye this day whom you will serve," said Joshua. And the people chose to serve the Lord... not knowing where that decision might lead them.
    That same choice confronts us today. To focus life on ourselves in self-serving ways, to focus life upon service to God - and to others.
The latter is the way of faith. It is also the way to fulfillment and to satisfaction.
Dr. Duncan Trueman, 424/AT
29 Overhill Lane, Warwick NY 10990
TEL 845-986-6376 FAX: 845-986-4121

Page: 3

Front & Center ....
Since Oct-Nov-Dec 2002 Cub
Your generosity is appreciated
CUB Editor's Report
John Kline, 423/M
11 Harold Drive
Burnsville, MN 55337-2786
Tele: 952-890-3155
Web site: http://www,mm.corn\useriipk
Editor's Note:
    If you missed Oliver North's WAR STORIES Battle of the Bulge show, January 19, 2003, with me, your editor, as one of the participants, you can order the TV Tape.
    It is available from FOX News. $19.99 plus postage. If you missed the show call: Ask for the Battle of the Bulge TV Tape.
Monday - Friday 8AM - 8PM EST
Toll Free - 1.877.588.8932
To Call FOX News Channel:
Frank A. Hohendia 424 HO 28N 25
Arthur K. Hanks 105 MP 25
Richard W. Tennant 422/K 100
Richard L idstain 4240 3
Claude 1311ilat (Beiglan)ASSOC 10
Donald Ruddick 423,E 10
Rufus Grantham DIWArly 5
Robert C. Homan 424/D 50
Damon Young 423/D 10
I)io lo the showing of "MR7. 11"
Author - John Calif
423rd Regiment I&R Platoon.
CUB Magazine.
Thank You John Kline, Cl ill editor
Your annual dues expire on June 30, 2003
Send $10 per year $75 for LIFE
Treasurer Richard Rigatti
113 Woodshire Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15215
On the Internet: Go to or to
the following address: - all one long string.
URL. All one line. hlip:/(,foxnews.avmediacart.comIcatalog/ index.cfm?fuseactionaialog&parent id=122
Feb 11 , 2002
Life Vets 697
Annual Vets 624
Life Associate 122
Annual Assoc. 128
Other 20

Page: 4

Front & Center ....

From the Mail Bag:
From Major Mack O'Quinn
    I am writing a book on Berga POWs. For this book, I would like identify the units, company/regitnent/division, of those Berga POWs who died in camp.
    To date I have identified that information for most of the 106th soldiers who died at Berga, or shortly after, but not their Company or Battery.
I need info on the following:
Charles Clark, 422nd
Harold Peterson, 422nd
Arthur Rosen, 422nd
Milton Rothman, 422nd
John Simcox, 589th FAB
Herman Wildman, 423rd
Note, he needed Aaron Rosenberg, who he showed as 424th, but Rosenberg *as in 422/D.
" Anyone with information can contact me at the following address
Major Mack O'Quinn, Co C 702d MSB; Unit 15092; APO AP
From Hans Wijers, Netherlands
    Hans is has been an Associate member fiir several years. He is well known your editor, and to the officers of our Association. He is researching for a new book.
Text from his email follows.
    Since I finished my first book, the 99th Infantry sector, I felt I st,uld write more. I t. am finishing my 2nd book on the V Corps area,Infantry'!n the 2nd Infantry.! want to follow with books on St. Vith and one on the '"106thEifel'r, the Schnee Eifel.
    I need help from the 106th Veteran's and ask them to support me by sending their "Personal Accounts" and "Stories, so that I can start work on it.
    John, it was nice to appear with you, in 011ie North's Battle of the Bulge, I thought it was well done for the short time that it had to explain the largest land bII'les in World War II.
Send diaries, stories, comments about your personal experiences to:
Hans Wijers
Zegerijstraat 27
NL-697 I ZN Brummen (Gwijers@i,vxs'n1
The Netherlahttp://home.planet.nU-wijer037/Bulge.htmi
wijers@i,vxs.n1 http://home.planet.nU-wijer037/Bulge.htrni From Donna Lee AFR
    Year 2002 Annual Reunion entertainers. THE STROLLING STRINGS That was great entertainment, young people, great presentmusic'and wonderful music.
A CD Music Disk is available from them as follow': $10 covers costs .
No credit cards
including shipping in USA.
Overseas add $5.00 for shipping handling.
Some of the music included:
Hello Again
Memory from the cats
My Way
Arrivederci roma
Unchained melody
Moonlight Serenade
Moon River
Patriotic Salute
Classical Approach to Dance
All I ask of you
theme from the Ice castles Moulon Rouge
Mac the Knife
Canadian Sunset
Adagio from the Pathetique
In a little Spanish Town
Send order and money to: The Strolling Strings
Heidi Kirby
c/o Norfolk Public Schools 322 Shirley Ave
Norfolk, VA 23517

Page: 5

Front & Center ....
Minneapolis World War II History Round Table Tour - 2003,
    Don Patton, organizer, and manager of this very active group of veteran's that meet nine months of the year, has scheduled another tour to the "battlefields of Europe." Don was present at, and very helpful to the two group meetings with the German veterans that I organized in 1995 and 1999. He has been back with is group in the past two years' One trip to the battle area from Aachen down through our area and into the 28th Infantry Division area' Another trip, last year to the D-Day landing areas and in through France'
From Don Patton's words:
    This year the tour will leave on May 9th, 2003 with a direct flight into Amsterdam. The important sites at Market Garden will be explored at Einhofen, Nijmegen and Arnhem After a stop at EBan Emael, we will visit the Remagen Bridge. A visit to the site where General Patton's car was hit by a truck and a visit to the room in which he died.
    After a stop in Heidelberg we will follow the route that TF Baum followed to rescue the POW's in Hammelburg. On to Nuremburg we will see the site of the Nazi, Rallies and Post-War trials' A day trip to Rothenburg will be followed by a stop at Dachau. We will visit the castles of Prince Ludwig after setting up a base in Munich. Another trip will go to Berchestgarten and the Eagles nest. There will be time for all • to shop. The cost is $3,400 for 15 days. Call Don Patton at 952-891-8430
If you are one of the 29,000 former prisoners of war who do not belong to AXPOW, we need you!
Life Membership Annual
Under 35 $360 Membership
36-50 $300 Single $ 30
51-60 $180 Husband & Wife $ 40
61 & Over $120
Spouse Life Member $ 40

For information on who we are and what we do, pleasepow@flash'nett
American Ex-Prisoners of War
3201 E. Pioneer Parkway, Suite 40, Arlington, TX 76010
Pone: (817) 649-2979 * * * F.: (817) 649-0109

Page: 6

Front & Center...

MINI-REUNIONS Special notice !!
2002-03 Mini-Reunion Reports will appear in the May CUB
    There is still time for a Mini-Reunion this year. Some areas are holding the mini-reunions in the seasons where traveling is easier, e.g. Minnesota and the cold states. It's never too late or too early to hold a local reunion - get with it. Ask the editor for a mailing list and labels in your area.
    Recognizing that every member of our Association cannot attend the annual reunion for various reasons, the next best thing is to have one in your own neighborhood. If you have ever thought that it would be fun to get together, have a nice meal, shoot the breeze with real friends, and go home realizing that you had a good time, then let me share with you how you can make it happen' Say to yourself, "I want to make that happen!"
1. Select a place that will host your group. Get prices and menu'
    2. Write or call our Cub Editor, John Kline, and request a list of Association members in your area. He will do that, and he will print sticky labels for you to use for a mailing or start off small if you want to and just telephone what appears to be the logical or interested members. Those that you call may call their buddies and the chain reaction begins'
    3. Do step 2 well in advance of the date, which is usually December 16th' Write a short letter of announcement indicating what to expect, the cost and a return of their intentions and a check to you by a specific date' Your meeting place will need to know how many to expect.
    4. If at all possible, provide someone to speak to the group. You will be surprised that many qualified speakers will jump at such an opportunity'
5. After the meeting be sure to send John Kline, CUB editor, copies of the group
    photograph. Usually taken with a men's group and ladies group' It's also O'K' for a mixed group. Just be sure to identify the participants that are in the photo' I have organized mini-reunions for a few years now and have found that, after the first one, it is a piece of cake. Get someone to work with you' Associate members are not excluded from doing this. Look forward to encouraging results and know that fellow veterans will deeply appreciate the opportunity for such an enjoyable gathering' There may be some questions or guidance needed, If so, feel perfectly free to contact me See below:
Harry F. Martin, Jr.
National Mini-Reunion Chairman
106th Infantry Division Association
121 McGregor Avenue
Mt. Arlington NJ 07856

Page: 7

106th Infantry Division Association - PX Items .
Send Order to our PX Manager John Gilliland, address below No credit cards - make your Checks payable to:
John Gilliland
140 Nancy Avenue
Boaz, AL 35957-6060
If you call seeking information please refer to the line number of the item listed below.
1. Cap, ball, mesh back, adjustable, 106th Logo/Washington $10.00 + $3.50 S&H
2. Cap, ball, mesh back, adjustable, 106th Logo/WW II Memorial $12.00 + $3.50 S&H
3. 106th shoulder Patch, duplicate of original, 2%-?' $3.00 PP
4. Patch, pocket, etc, 106th Inf. Div. Assn., 4" $3.00 PP
5. Flag Set, US & 106th w/base, miniature (limited) $10.00 PP
6. Address Index, expandable, magnetic, credit card size,
w/106th Logo, Gold, Nice! $3.00 PP
7. Decal, 4", like 4" Patch, peel and stick $2.00 PP
8. Decal, 4"x 6", 106th Logo on Red & Blue Flag, peel & stick $2.00 PP
9. Decal, 4" x 10", Combat Infantry Badge (CIB), peel & stick $2.00 PP
10. Decal, 1-3/8", Lion's Head, 60 to sheet, peel & stick $3.00 PP
11. Lapel Pin, Hat, etc. St, Louis, w/106th Logo (15 left) $3.00 PP
12. Lapel Pin, Hat or tie or dress (raised Gold) in red & blue circle $3.00 PP
13. Lapel Pin, same as above - with bar and chain for tie tac. $4.00 PP
14. Scratch Pads, 5" x 8", (50 sheets) w/106th Logo, Battles, etc. $3.00 PP
15. Planner, Two Year, pocket size, w/106th logo (Nice) $3.00 PP
16. Windbreaker, lined, Blue w/106th 4" patch on left front XL and XXL$ 25.00 + 4.50 S&H
    17. T/Shirt, Jerzees w/ colored Artist Photo of 106th Logo and WWII Memorial on front Med, Large and Xtra Large $12.00 - 2X $14.00 - 3X $15.00 Plus $3.50 S&H each
18. Colored Artist Photo, 8x10 inch, suitable for framing $2.00 each PostPaid
    Your choice showing: 1, World War II Memorial 2' 106th WWII locations, as detailed on Afghans. State your choice and how many you want. Order both at this low price.

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New Members...
BARE, ROBERT N. 422/B; 3525 CAMBRIDGE DR, SPRINGFIELD, OH 45503, Tele: 937-399-3209


    CHESTER, MORRIS S. 422/HQ; 27845 HAWTHORNE BLVD, PALOS VERDES, CA 90275-3301 , Tele: 310-377-0173, Email: mschinteracox'net


DAVILA, EUGENE C. 591/B; 4694 BRANDYWISE DRIVE, BOCA RATON, FL 33487-2106, Tele: 561-994-8742


FRIERSON, JOSEPH 424/G; 1000 WINDSOR SHORES DR 16-B, COLUMBIA, SC 29233, Tele: 808-788-3134 Tele:


MANSFIELD, ORVILLE E. 424/E; RR 2 BOX 233, SPENCER, IN 47460, Tele: 765-795-3252


MESSMER, SR., JOHN A. 422/F; 6049 O'DELL, ST LOUIS, MO 63139

PERRYMAN, E. FIRTH 424/A; 17 LINCOLNSHIRE RD WEBSTER, NY 14580 Tele: 585-872-3874 Email:


320 WEST 108TH ST APT 305 NEW YORK, NY 10025
    Sherod, Enclosed is a check to cover the cost of a Lifetime membership for my eldest son, Frederic. He teaches History and Literature at Sarah Lawrence College Bronxville, NY and is currently teaching a course on the history of World War I and World War II. His hobby is "Military History" and he has been published frequently on the subject.
    In his capacity of contributing editor of the "American Heritage Magazine" Fred will be attending our reunion in Cincinnati in order to gather material for a possible article on the 106th Infantry Division, and the "Association" to appear in "American Heritage" in the Fall of 2004, to coincide with the 60th Anniversary of the Battle of the Bulge." I have made him familiar with John Kline's website as well as many CUB magazines and the book that John published, which contained the personal experiences of many of us.
Sincerely, Irwin C. Smoler 424/B

MARIN, SAL J. UNIT UNKNOWN; 8806 N. WORLD DRIVE, GLENDALE, AZ 85302, Tele: 623-939-6687

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New Members . . .

    Editor's note: Irwin, thanks for the copy of this letter. I would be happy to work with your son in passing any information I might have. He certainly has my OK to use anything on my website, I also might have more information that he could use that I have not put on that site. Tell him to keep in touch. See below...
John Kline
M Co,, 423"' Infantry Regiment WWII Past-President '97-'98
Editor, The CUB magazine since 1987 Membership Chairman
106th Int Div Association
Email: jpk@mm,com
Home Page: Personal War Diary:

    WEBER, JR., GEORGE A. 423/G; 2833 REDSTONE DRIVE, ST LOUIS, MO 63125-5136, Tele: 314-892-6889, Email: chinon24@aol,com

WINTER, RAYMOND J. UNIT UNKNOWN; PO BOX 305, MAPLE LAKE, MN 55358, Tele: 320-963-3210
If anybody recognizes which unit Raymond might have been in contact me, please, John Kline

MANGIARACINA, MICHAEL ASSOCIATE; 1140 Cram Blvd, Libertyville, IL 60048, Email
    My grandfather's name was George P. Mangiaracina. He was the company medic for "D" Company, 422nd Infantry Regiment. I am joining because I would like to learn as much as I can about what he went through. I ant also trying to obtain photographs, can you help me?
    George passed away in February 1990, his wife's name is Mary and she just turned 75. She will be excited to read this Association magazine.
Are there old copies available?
Thank You
Michael P. Margiacina
Editor's Note": Michael, nice to have you join us. I have a web site at
My email address is jpk0Onun.corts
Contact me and I will discuss the "old magazine" situation with you. / Kline editor)

PLEASE NOTIFY THE EDITOR (See my address on page 4)
A BUM ADDRESS. Figure it out - EACH CUB cost about 2.50 to
produce AND MAIL (BULK). If we have to pay return postage we
don't even break EVEN.

Page: 10

It and
Final Chapter - Continued from the Oct-Nov-Dec 2002 CUB Magazine John Califf, 423rd Infantry I&R Platoon

Page: 11

423rd Infantry Regimental Headquarters
I&R Platoon 1944

Page: 12

423rd 1NP.REWT. 106th INF.DIY.
• 46-,

The guardian angel hovers over almost 8,000 markers bestovant; the laurel branch on the fallen below,

    Snow continued falling throughout the night along with the temperature, and on Sunday morning Rob and I rather guardedly caught the 7:21 again for Liege' Henri met us there along with Christian Kraft de la Saulx, president of CRIBA, and the four of us wedged into his subcompact for our trip back to the Ardennes for the second day.
    Driving through the city we passed a very somber piece of statuary with dark figures against a white marble background' Its starkness evoked a comment from me and Henri said that it honored the suffering and resistance of the Belgians during the war. He then spoke very bitterly about the massacre of civilians, including some of his wife's family and declared that he would have nothing to do with German veterans of the Ardennes campaign'
    Our first stop of the day was at the military cemetery near Henri Chapelle to pay our respects to Bill Morris of the I&R and 7988 other GI's, most of whom had died during the Bulge. On a windswept hilltop about twenty miles east of Liege against the grey sky and white landscape suddenly appeared the vivid red, white and blue of a violently snapping American flag. It flew from a flagstaff on an overlook with a panoramic view of the countryside across the road from the cemetery in which the white marble grave markers were laid out in gentle arcs rising up from woods to another overlook on the terrace of a memorial colonnade' Above this terrace hovered a bronze figure of the archangel Michael bestowing a laurel branch on the fallen warriors below.
    The heavy snowfall had left a pristine white blanket over the earth, trees and Markers, yet unmarked by footprints that morning' Once cursed in the misery and cold of the battlefield by many of those lying there, it now ironically seemed to form a protective mantle over them. Only the church bells in the surrounding villages broke the silence, but added in their own way to the awesome sense of serenity.
    Trees lacily encrusted with snowflakes stood close behind the cross at Bill's grave which nature also had decorated with windblown accumulations With some hesitation at disturbing the unblemished surface I trudged through the snow to leave a little marker with the I&R symbol for Bill and to bid him another final farewell'

Page: 13

Later on a sunny day the archangel Michael
radiates the youthfulness of those at rest
    Both the cold and the wind had increased since we had arrived at the cemetery and only a few other visitors had come after us. Fortunately, they included Anne Marie and Karl who had driven ten miles through the snow from Eupen to bring us heavy lined and hooded winter coats and those knee high Belgian farmer's boots which they insisted we use for the rest of our journey.
Another farwell in the snow, fifty-four years after the first
in the convent school yard at Ferrieries
    Better protected by this much welcomed additional warmth, we went across to the overlook where the flag fluttered wildly in the gale force wind. Its militantly harsh noise contrasted starkly with the mystical chiming of the church bells sounding across the rolling countryside, just as the brutality of the war contrasted with the serenity of this final resting place of its victims'

Page: 14

Natcemetery,istry aroununderfoot,meter The awesome panoply of gray overhead

of the cemetery. and white underfoot.
This simple, but eloquent prayer, is inscribed on the wall of the Henri-Chapelle Chapel
0 Lord
Support us all day long
until the shadows lengthen
and or work is done
then in thy mercy grant an a
safe lodging and holy rest,
and Peace at Last
Henri-Chapelle in the Summer
7,988 American soldiers, most of whom died during The Battle of the Bulge

Page: 15

The Ambleve River bridge changed hands several times between the SS and GI forces.
    Leaving this awe inspiring place, we headed south into the Ardennes again in Christian's car while our Good Samaritans, Karl and Anne Marie, returned to Eupen. We passed by Verviers where the platoon had been taken for a rest stop at some public building, perhaps a school. I can still see the bright tile colors and feel the warmth of the steam heat and hot water, an oasis amidst the cold and devastation. As we wound down through Spa, there was a road sign for Hollywood, one of the nearby resorts that we had seen in 1944, then the headquarters for the First Army and before that in WWI the imperial headquarters of the Kaiser.
    Henri and Christian kept up a constant chatter in French, pausing only to answer our questions and to make pertinent comments in English. As we neared Stavelot, Henri pointed out that we were following the route of Kampfgruppe Peiper leading the rampage of three other similar units and a Tiger tank battalion through the area, virtually unhindered until they encountered elements of the 30th Infantry Division thereat the bridge across the Ambleve River, where a fierce struggle had occured' It was here that some relatives of Henri's wife had been killed by SS troopers in one of their infamous massacres.
A view of the area, after the battle, with disabled 'Tiger 222" In front of the buildings to the left.

Page: 16

    '', As we stood in the little memorial park on a bluff overlooking the rebuilt bridge and talked about the violent back and forth encounter for its possession, Henri excitedly pointed to a sign which read: "Stavelot Place, du 18 Decembre 1944'" He had remembered my birthday story. It was hard to realize that when our jeeps were still on the road from Buchet to Radscheid, German armor had already driven more than twenty miles behind us to reach this bridge'
    Leaving Stavelot, Christian tried a back road which went up a steep hillside and ran out, giving us some uneasy moments before he got turned around in the deep roadside snow and headed off through one of Belgium's most scenic areas' Central t Wallonia is a place of winding roads and rushing streams between steep rocky cliffs, thick forests and hamlets with stone and half-timbered structures right out of the 15th century. However, scenery was not in the agenda of the 424th when it arrived there in January 1945 and found itself facing the 18th VG Division which earlier had encircled its two sister regiments in the Schnee Eifel'
    These weary volksgrenadiers had replaced the SS kampfgruppes after their armor had ploughed through the area and stalled, leaving their bloody trail of more murdered POW's and civilians.
    In the initial German attack on the 106th positions in December the 424th had been cut off from the 422nd and the 423rd and had been able to fall back and join in the perimeter defense around St. Vith with CCB of the 7th Armored' Then after being in the line around Manhay, it had been pulled out for a brief regrouping as a regimental combat team and given this sector below Stavelot and Trois Ponts between the 517th Parachute regimental combat team and the 75th Infantry Division waiting to start an attack to push the Germans back behind the Siegfried Line again'

    Much to our dismay, it had been decided to disband the 423rd I&R Platoon and reassign us as individuals to units of the 424th. Irish Sheehan and I were made squad leaders in Company A which was dug in around the little farming hamlet of Spineux' Badly depleted in almost a month of constant contact with the enemy, 424/A and other units in the regiment were being rebuilt with the few survivors of the 422nd and 423rd and replacements with varying infantry experience, mainly little or none. Our platoon sergeant was from a Air Corps service outfit and some were rear echelon personnel who didn't know how to load their rifles' Others were boys who had finished basic training, eaten Christmas dinner at home and were shipped over directly to the front lines. There was barely time to learn names, much less the fundamentals of working together as a combat unit' Perhaps the 18th VG units desperately trying to prevent the U.S. recapture of this area were even more depleted, and lacking in replacements, but they had plenty of automatic weapons, assault guns and artillery.

Page: 17

The stone part of this house served as a warm haven from the cold weather in January 1945
    There had been a small stone house on the edge of Spineux where we found some relief from the bitter cold around a little fireplace. Some years ago we added a fireplace just about that size in our den and every time that we use it, memories come' back and the warmth is especially gratifying. As Christian drove through Spineux, my primary desire was to find that blessed sanctuary. Happily, it was still there, though now part of a much larger house.
    Henri trudged through the snow and knocked on the front door which was opened, by a cheerful little lady. After an animated conversation she looked toward the car and waved her arms, shouting, "Americain, liberateur, entrez!" As we entered the house, she hugged me and kissed me on both cheeks, chattering in her native Walloon dialect which Henri understood and translated for us' She said that she had come to this house before the war as a young bride and had fled before the German spearhead. Therefore Madame Marie Lakaille-Collin had not been there when we had used her home, but she and her husband had returned after the area was free of battle. Apparently they had prospered and had expanded the small farmhouse into a comfortable home with many of the conveniences and appliances so familiar to us, including a large screen color TV'
    Madame in her purple sweater and flowered smock also reflected a big change in the appearance of the Belgian women from their wartime attire of black sweaters, skirts and stockings. As we sat around her big kitchen table, she brought out a bottle of the "family recipe" for a round of toasts to our two countries and to her liberateurs. Now there was not only the warmth of that house, but also the warmth of that dear little lady and fellow survivor.

Page: 18

Madame Marie Lakallie pours some of the family recipe for a toast to United States and Belgium
    It is hard to describe the feeling of gratitude expressed toward returning veterans from most of the Belgian people, especially survivors like Madame Lakaille' As Christian drove resolutely through the snowy lanes of Spineux, we came to the innovative monument that the people of the area had built in honor of their liberateurs. With native stone they depicted a GI with his rifle at the window of a shell torn farmhouse. On the outskirts we passed a pretty little roadside shrine nestled under a Snow laden fir tree overlooking the ground where our foxholes had been facing the German-held village of LaVaux'
     A monument to their liberators, the 424th Regiment of the 106th, and the 112th Regiment of the 28th Infantry division, built in Spineux by the citizens of the area.

Page: 19

Our foxholes were located down this road at the edge of the woods in the distance toward LaVaux
    The enemy's main line of resistance ran along high ground to the east with minefields and outposts covered by fields of fire from automatic weapons and artillery. LaVaux was contained some of these outposts and was the first target of Com- , pany A on the morning of January 13, 1945. As we approached fifty four years later, a i white stucco and stone farmhouse stood out atop a hill overlooking the open fields. , There a German machine gun squad set up in a window fortunately had decided to surrender rather than to mow us down as we trudged up through the snow without any appreciable cover' Around a bend in the road we had come upon an abandoned mobile, field kitchen, horsedrawn and in other ways comparable to the chuckwagons of our Old West' Judging from the pungent aroma, they had been preparing sauerkraut or cabbage soup and on a shelf were round loaves of that heavy black bread. I grabbed a loaf and shoved it down in my field jacket' Though it probably contained a goodly portion of sawdust and other "ersatz" material, the hard loaf tasted mighty good during the long day and night which lay ahead.
The Spineux-LaVaux- Coulee area between towns of Stavelot and Trois Pools

Page: 20

Looking over the hilly fields to LaVaux on the way there from Spineux
    Beyond the eastern edge of LaVaux was a ridge covered with woods which had held the German MLR studded with fortified log bunkers and machine gun nests. There the farm roads and woods trails lay deep in snow, not passable by vehicle, even Christian's little wonder. Our tight travel schedule forbade even a brief trudge through snow on foot, but my memory brought back the sensory impact of that day. The strong musty smell of the bunkers still seemed to come from the woods along with the Unmistakable sound of the incredibly rapid fire from the enemy's automatic weapons. One of these bursts had killed our company commander, Lt. Robert McKay, right after he had come by with a word of steadying encouragement for my squad. A vision of 1st Sgt. Wallace Rifleman, another survivor of the 423rd, ran through the trees like a tall Indian warrior, leading the company on its charge to clear the woods of machine guns and Germans. A very young and badly wounded grenadier appeared, lying in a snow bank along the tree line, a cloud of steam rising from his body into the frigid air.
German machine gunners were in this house on the edge of LaVaux and
a field kitchen was just down the road,

Page: 21

Looking over Coulee in the direction of LaVaux behind the Faix du Diablo (Devil's Load)
    Taking a roundabout route, we approached Coulee from the east and looked back over it to the west at the ridge called Faix du Diable( the Devil's Load) and the Ponceau ravine which lay between this little collection of buildings and LaVaux. Though another veteran looking for Coulee was told by the locals that it was not a village, but only "a place on the way to Logbienne" in 1945, it was apparently of such importance that Company A and B were expected to take it by frontal attack over the ridge, down into the ravine and back up the hillside. Viewing the terrain and the clear field of fire from the vantage point of the enemy machine gunners and artillerymen, it was easy to see why the attack had not been successful.
    Company A had cleared LaVaux and the wooded ridge, but as it moved down into the ravine, it was caught in a deadly combination of tree bursts and direct fire from artillery and assault guns as well as cross fire from automatic weapons from these advantageous locations in and behind Coulee' The lack of training and combat experience together on the part of the replacements and the old hands was evident in the confusion that ensued and we moved to a more protected area to dig in for the night with Coulee still held by the enemy.
    One artillery shell had burst almost on top of our platoon with devastating results. That shell and two severely frozen feet took me out of the action. Irish Sheehan had been wounded in the neck and the two of us spent that night huddled in a shell-torn aid station awaiting evacuation. We said goodbye the next morning and did not see each other or anyone else from the I&R platoon for more than forty five years. After six months of treatment at hospitals in Belgium, France, England and Florida my discharge finally came through, but was postponed for twenty four hours because of the V-J Day celebration'
    The effect of the intense cold was devastating to the body and pysche and through the ages has been thought to be as deadly as the weapons of the enemy. Only once prior to December 1944 had I even seen snow or been in weather much below freezing. Of the forty five days during the Bulge only eight were above freezing with the highs ranging from 42 to 22 degrees F and the lows from 32 to 8. Our winter equipment had been inadequate, particularly for continuous exposure to such temperatures in snow and ice and for wading across streams.

Page: 22

Tank 212, sole surviving Tiger II from the Bulge, left at LaGleize by Kampgruppe Peiper,
    After another vocal map session Christian and Henri ploughed across the countryside get back on Peiper's route from Stavelot to Trois Ponts where a blown bridge had diverted his armor off onto side roads to the mountain villages of LaGleize and Stoumont. There lack of fuel and fierce opposition rising to hand-to-hand combat finally brought the spearhead to a stop. Retracing its movement on these minimal roads in similar weather, it was hard to believe that the lumbering German armored vehicles had been able to maneuver up that far, but as we wound up the narrow road from the highway into LaGleize, we looked into the muzzle of a Tiger's long 88.
    The massive hulk of the Tiger was nearly as awesome as a relic as it had been in reality that night in St.Vith. This was the only survivor of its breed left from the Bulge, saved from a post-battle tank retrieval unit in a trade for two bottles of local wine and maintained as an exhibit of an interesting little local museum.
Tiger 222 also from 501st SS heavy tank battalion as seen in many Nazi proganda photos.

Page: 23

    Outstanding among the many GI exaggerations were those that most Germans were SS troopers, most artillery were 88's and most tanks were Tigers. Actually, of the 717 enemy armored vehicles used in this campaign, only 87 were operational Tigers from the 501st SS and 506th heavy panzer battalions. All Tigers were in these independent units which were attached to the panzer divisions as needed. Both of these battalions had seen much action in Russia and Normandy before undergoing extensive reequipping for this last big push. The 501st SS had followed the leading kampgruppes in the breakthrough. Entering the fray at StNith where six of its monsters led that final night attack, the 506th previously had smashed the 2nd Armored, knocking out 57 of its Sherman tanks in a single November day. The surviving seventy ton monster at LaGleize was a MkVIB King Tiger with six inches of armor plate. Tigers were the only tanks to carry the much feared 88mm cannon. The smaller. fifty ton MkV Panthers and the workhorse forty ton MkIV's both had 75mm high
    velocity guns, but even those outmatched the 75's on the American Sherman which in the end overwhelmed all of them with its vast superiority in number and fuel supply.
    Back on the highway we stopped at Trois Ponts for refreshments at a small cafe on the town square and then headed west to Manhay where in late December the 424th had been on the front line between the 75th and the 82nd Airborne. There the I&R was assigned to the security forces in the town, but spent most of its time scrounging for food and warmth since it had become an "orphan." As troops moved through the town, my eyes had strained to no avail for a glimpse of a fellow architectural student from Clemson who was somewhere in the 75th. Later he came back to the campus with a shattered leg in a brace as a constant reminder that he had been there.
Lights on a Christmas tree and the highway shine hazily at Parker's Crossroads, the "Alamo of the Bulge."
SEE next page for "The Alamo of the Bulge."

Page: 24

    From Manhay Christian turned south towards Baraque de Fraiture, now known to Americans and Belgians alike as Parker's Crossroads, where an heroic stand against the advancing Germans had taken place resulting in its being characterized as "the Alamo of the Bulge." After escaping entrapment in the Schnee Eifel, Major Arthur Parker of the 106th's 589th Field Artillery Battalion had come into the area with three 105mm howitzers and their crews searching for what remained of the division. As they moved through this unprotected road junction, Parker realized that its defensive importance had been overlooked by the generals and without orders set up his three guns with barrels leveled for direct fire. As stray armor, anti-aircraft equipment and men wandered up, he added them to his force and held off the enemy for several days until they were overwhelmed by the armor and grenadiers of the 2nd SS "Das Reich" Panzer Division. The leader of the attacking force, a veteran of many savage battles on the Eastern front, called this clash his toughest and most violent experience in the war. Das Reich had gained much notoriety earlier in France when one of its units locked more than two hundred men, women and children in the village church of Oradour-sur-Glane and set it afire. Perhaps the makers of Mel Gibson's movie The Patriot used this episode as an inspiration for their undocumented depiction of similar terror in our Revolutionary War.
    Suddenly as we neared Parker's Crossroads, the traffic began to increase and parked cars lined the roadside. Young people with skis on their shoulders also slowed our passage. Christian and Henri shook their fists and muttered, "Hollanders," and other things in French, as we passed several cars with Dutch license plates. They explained that this area, one of the highest in the Ardennes, had become a popular winter resort area, especially for cross country skiing, not only for the locals but also for people from the cities in Belgium and surrounding European countries. They resented the best property falling into the hands of the latter, especially the Dutch who they said controlled the money in northern Europe.
    High spirits and the contagious sense of camaderie that we had witnessed in the Grand Place in Brussels and on the train were much in evidence here, but an abrupt change of mood came for me as we reached the road junction. Years ago a memorial had been dedicated to the defenders with flags, a rough boulder and a 105mm howitzer like those that had stood there against the invaders.
    Now at Christmastide a tree had been added, its branches covered in snow and golden lights. High in the background other golden lights over the motorway seemed to float in the snowy haze.
    In this mystical context the Christmas tree seemed to merge with the boulder and the gun in signifying the valor of man willingly giving his life for his fellow man.

Page: 25

A Christmas tree was also featured at the "original Alamo" when Sarah and I were there a
few weeks before my trip tothe Ardennes and area.
    By coincidence just a few weeks earlier while visiting our daughter in Texas, we had seen a tree with decorations in front of the original Alamo. The story of the Alamo has been one of the most interesting subjects in American history for me.
    Its commander, William Barret Travis, and his intrepid courier, James Butler Bonham, who returned to the besieged compound from a mission and faced certain death, were born in the same little community in South Carolina some fifty miles above Columbia and died together in the final attack by the Mexicans.
My experiences in the Schnee Eifel and at St.Vith have sharpened this interest.
In both situations decisions were made at the command level for withdrawal to more defensible positions.
    In the Schnee Eifel the regimental commander had instructed those units not caught in the hapless entrapment to get back through the enemy to friendly lines, if possible.
    At St.Vith the plan of the generals had been to delay the German advance and then fall back to a more defensible line, if possible.
    In my mind has always lurked the question of my response if volunteers had been sought to join a stand to the end with a man like Travis at the Alamo and Parker at his crossroads, much less of my committing an act of individual self-sacrifice such as Bonham's voluntary return to die with his comrades.
    Could any of the spirited young skiers in Belgium or the weary tourists in Texas have had such thoughts or sensed this significance of Parker's Crossroads
or the Alamo?

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Rob, my son, and I welcomed the warmth of the Rikken's home in GOUVY, Belgium,
though I kept on my WWII sweater rewom for the trip.
    By coincidence, John Kline, the 106th's webmaster and editor, was in the Ardennes to plan a spring tour in coordination with CRIBA so Christian and Henri had planned to meet him at Gouvy where he was visiting With and Adda Rikken also members of the Belgian organization' So leaving the golden glow of the crossroads
    for dim roads through the countryside, we headed for Gouvy about fifteen miles to the southeast close to the German border. There in the Rikken's cozy home we were treated to a variety of Belgian refreshments including wine bottled by CRIBA in 1994 to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Battle of the Ardennes'
, We enjoyed refreshment, in the Rikken home, with my son, left and I, and on the right,
Henri ROGISTER C.R.I.B.A. Secretary (next to window); John Kline 423/M, then Adda RIKKEN, well
    knOwn to the 106th Association and Christian KRAFT, President of C.R.I.B.A, "Center for Research and Information Battle of the Ardennes,"
known in the USA as "The Battle of the Bulge."

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Adda has been honored by the 106th Association for her devotion in caring for .47
    ;raves of men from the division at Henri Chapelle and the memorial to Lt. Eric Wood, man in the cast of Bonham, who had roamed alone in the forest near Meyerode and rarassed the surrounding Germans for days before being tracked down and killed. She was quite taken with my wearing the dog tags and Red Cross issue sweater from my previous visit to her country so many years ago.
    Kline settled his business with Henri and Christian and we went back into the frigid night for the ride to the railroad station at Liege. Rob and I said farewell to :hem with sincere expressions of gratitude.
    Many of the roads and super-highways in Belgian had been closed during this huge snow-storm. Willy and Adda had picked up Kline at the Luxembourg airport, a couple Jays before, and barely made it off the Luxembourg/Brussels super-highway, before :hat major road was closed. Our group, Ron and I with Henri and Christian, were lucky to not be snowed in' The amount snow was reminiscenct of the days in the winter of 1944-45.
    In our two day return trip we had revisited so many of the places that were important to my wartime experience. Because of time and weather restrictions we did not get to see others including Vielsalm, Harre, Ferrieres and the unidentified village southwest of St.Vith where the inhabitants had taken the platoon into their homes for hot food and a warm rest by their firesides even as the Germans neared. In January 2002, with the help of our Belgian friends, this village was finally located and its story is included further on with accounts of two other places that we missed.
A view as we approached the driveway of the Adda and Willy RIKKEN home
Gouvy, Belgium, about 1.5 miles from the Luxembourg border, December 1989:
Note the thickness of the snow on the trees and hedges.

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The house with the balcony in this photograph triggered a strange recall.
    One of my boyhood treasures was a German Iron Cross decoration, brought back from World War I by my father. Its honored Knight's Cross, along with the famous "Blue Max", had dangled from the uniform collar of the Red Baron, Manfred von Richtofen, who intrigued my young mind. Hitler revived and revised the medal, replacing the old imperial crown at the center with a swastika and emphasizing greater courage and devotion to the Third Reich with the awarding of the Knight's Cross and the addition of oak leaves, swords and diamonds.
    Above a shop in an apartment with a balcony overlooking Main Street in St. Vith an interesting aspect of the famous decoration was found during our short stay. On a table was a stack of cards, each with a photograph of a military man wearing the Knight's Cross under which was a short write-up about the recipient. These cards were similar in size and composition to the trading cards so familiar to American boys, but so different in content. War heroes versus sports stars and Indian chiefs, quite a difference in national orientation.
1.16.11bith-- _......^/11111111111.1111
Anne-Marie Simon found and photographed this house, one of a few to survive the war, as it is now.

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    One of the photographs in Anne Marie Simon's material showed a tank and some troops from the 7th Armored after the recapture of St.Vith in front of that wartom shop and apartment with the balcony, right out of my memory. When I wrote her about the cards, she found that the surviving walls of the building had been used in the postwar reconstructour effort and sent me some photos of its new look and of an interesting poster. Issued by the Supreme Command of the Army, it showed some of the winners of the Knight's Cross, the Ritterkreurtrager, ranging in rank from Field Marshal Rommel to a private first class. Apparently, the material on each winner had been reprinted on an individual card and both the posters and the cards were issued regularly to the population as a part of the incessant Nazi pmemory'da effort.
    Also missed on our tour was a fine country house where the platoon had been billeted while serving as security guard for the 424poster'mental headquarters. In his journal Dick Sparks had placed it near the town of Louveigne between the Ardennes and Liege, beyond the boundaries of our tour. When Dick made his return trip, he and Henri had failed to find it and later he asked me what I remembered.
The terrace side of the chateau overlooking the lawn with the lake and the summer house to the left.

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    The chateau was set in a landscaped park featuring specimen trees, an artificial lake and a summer house. It was a tall, two story mansion with a high roof and lower wings housing the kitchen, stables and servants' quarters and forming an entrance court.
At the rear arched French doors opened onto a terrace which overlooked the lake.
    • Inside, a large entrance hall with a wide staircase and faux-marble walls and columns led past several rooms to a salon across the rear from which the arched doors went to the terrace. In this room was a grand piano and large prints and memorabilia of the Napoleonic era and one of the other rooms off of the hall had a huge cabinet of dark, heavily carved wood.

Cattle rest on the lawn near the chateu and it's kitwing'wing.
    We had slept in the high attic where there was an armoire filled with the papers of a Baron Mofart, a penny name to Americans. A surly local caretaker on the premises had brushed aside any questions about the family.
t Dick relayed these recollections to Henri who immediately took off to look for the
    chateau of the gassy baron. After searching in the vicinity of Louveigne in vain, he found the estate near the village of Baugnee, some ten miles towest'west. Its occupants
    were as evasive as the old caretaker and refused to let Henri go inside or take pietures, but did verify my recollections ofinterior'rior. Unfortunately, we have no information on the baron.
    He could have been one of Napoleon's functionaries in that part of Europe, or perhaps a local aristocrat or an industrialist who had been titled in the later Belgian tradition.
    It would be interesting to know what had transpired at the chateau to make its taciturn inhabitants so different from the other warm and friendly Belgians whom we had met.

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Neundorf - The village looked Just like this as the l&R Platoon approached ft on December 22, 1944.
    After three years of travel, research and correspondence verifiable information was still lacking on one important place in the I&R experience - the little village which had offered us warmth and food on our trek to find our division headquarters after the fall of St'Vith. In A Walk Through the Woods Dick Sparks said that it was "probably Poteau". However, later battle reports showed that back-and-forth fights had been going on them for four days and that German advances, following up on the kampfgruppe spearheads, had not yet reached the area through which we were moving on the morning of December 22nd' My recollection of that village is as follows:
    The night before we had been the last organized infantry unit to get out of St.Vith, riding the last tanks of the 7th Armored on the last road open to the west and the new line of resistance. A mile or so up this road they stopped and set up a defensive line on a wooded hillside and luckily the Germans stopped in St.Vith to take advantage of the warm houses and American supplies and equipment to be found there. After a frigid, snowy night the tanks pulled out and we went to look for 106th headquarters, reportedly in Vielsalm. Artillery and small arms fire was heard in every direction as we trudged off through the snow.
    Before noon we came to a road and followed it to the outskirts of a village. After crossing a small stream we passed a house with an attached barn or service building set off by itself on the right with a wooded hillside behind it.
    Further ahead this road crossed another which went through the village on the left, and by a church on the right. At this junction we were met by a group of inhabitants concerned about the stream of American traffic passing by headed west and the increasing noise of battle to the east.

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An overlay by the 7th Armored Division trace the movement of C/31
and the l&R Platoon from St. Vith to the positioj on the Rodt road.
    In spite of this concern they invited us into their homes for a hot meal by their firesides. My squad went to the first house on the outskirts where we were welcomed by two women and several children.
    Our apprehension grew when we learned that the man of the house was away in the German army. After we had eaten, the unmistakable sound of enemy automatic weapons seemed very close and we were quickly on our way, catching a ride on army trucks from the 106th which luckily happened by. As the trucks pulled out, my eye for detail caught the village church with its tower, steeple, steep roof, white walls with stone buttresses at the corners and cemetery surrounded by a stone wall.
    In addition to this memory of the village there were two other sources in my collection which yielded both verification and new information.wall. Bordelon's account of this incident quoted in A Walk Through the Woods has many of the same facts as mine. Dick's map of our trek, though somewhat blurred, shows only one village, Neundorf, within range to the southwest of St.Vith which had a churmine'th a cemetery and a road crossing a small stream from the direction in which we had come that morning.
    Contained in the combat interviews of the 7th Armored's 31st Tank Battalion is an overlay which shows Company C on December 21-22, movingmorning'.Vith back to a position on the road to Rodt in approximately the same place that Dick showed the I&R platoon on his map.
About a mile and a half below that position is Neundorf.
    With these clues it seemed to me that this had to be the friendly village, but photomap'hs were needed to compare with the scenes in my memory.

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    So again my Belgian friends came through. In the note on my Christmas cards to them last December I described the situation and the village and asked if they thought that it could have been Neundorf.
    Soon the mail brought maps from Henri Rogister and the Rikken's which were coordinated with an aerial photograph of Neundorf from Anne Marie Simon and Karl Noel. This photograph showed the layout of the village with the church at the road junction and St.Vith and the position on the road to Rodt in the background. Even at such small scale the church looked familiar, but summer foliage hid other features such as the house near it on the outskirts and the little stream, and there was a massive triple arched railroad trestle of which I had no recollection'
    Living in Gouvy about ten miles south of Neundorf, the Rikkens wrote that it was the only village in the area which had the characteristics of my description. They volunteered to drive up and look over the village, take some photos and try to find some "old people" who may have been there when we had come through.
    The results of their visit were awaited with great anticipation and Adda was kind enough to call me with some good news as soon as they returned home. She said that they had gotten some photos of Neundorf in the snow and that they had talked with two "old people" who had been there on December 22, 1944.
    One had been a girl of eleven who had lived in the house on the outskirts of the village beyond the church. Her father was serving the German army and she and a sister were at home with their mother when the Americans had come. Another had been a teenage boy whose home was in the small line of dwellings on the other side of the church and also took in some GI's.
    Soon afterwards the photographs arrived and several looked like they could have been printed right out of my memory if such a thing were possible. One showed the road going into the village from the direction of St.Vith, crossing over the small stream and passing the house with an attached structure on the right before reaching the junction with another road to the small group of buildings on the left.
    At the right of this junction was the church exactly as I had seen it more than fifty years ago with its white walls and stone buttresses, high pitched roof and bulky tower with a tall steeple. The cemetery lay between the church and the high stone wall which bordered the roads running around it.
    The house on the outskirts near the church looked familiar with a wooded rise behind it and appeared to be the one in which we had been fed and warmed up. However, this rise was turned out to be, not a hillside, but an embankment for the railroad tracks on up to the trestle which somehow had escaped my memory.
    It may have been obscured by snow or mist or some trick of the mind. In spite of this lapse all of the other evidence apparently seems to confirm Neundorf as the friendly village.

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The somber Germanic memorial to the men of the Nuendorf area lost in World War I and World War II.
    Several other photos from Anne Marie and Karl included, in addition to details of the church, a war memorial to men from the area who had been lost in the two world wars. The somber stone slabs list more than forty dead and missing in the battles of 1940-1945, almost all before we were cared for in their village. In sharp contrast on the night before while trying to get through the streets of St.Vith, we had been fired upon by some of the inhabitants from their second story windows.
    In Battle John Toland tells of another "good German-bad German" happening that night. On one of those tanks a GI started singing Silent Night. Others joined in, including two captured grenadiers in their native tongue.
"Schlauf im himmlischer Ruh,
Sleep in heavenly peace."
    The song was ended. The tanks, with clanking treads muffled by the rising drifts of snow, disappeared into the dark."
    hi looking at photographs relating to the Battle of the Bulge published in newspapers, magazines and books or shown on television, it is often difficult to keep fiction from becoming fact. The I&R platoon was photographed after getting back through ' the German lines to St.Vith and was shown correctly in the newsreels and print media of the day. Later in postwar documentaries we were sometimes misidentified as being all over the Bulge including Bastogne. Some photos of the time have men or equipment with strong, but unconfirmed, resemblances to ours like those shown here. One of the sequences from a captured Nazi newsreel seemed to show our vehicles after we had left them buming near Radschied. In Nuts! The Battle of the Bulge further clo-
    Lseup shots and documentation proved that these vehicles were from the 14th Calvary Group ambushed by SS Kampfgruppe Hansen near Poteau. 14,

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"Rat" Calif Captain Sam Colonel Cavender
    In the early 1990's John Kline, the editor of The Cub, sent me a copy of this letter which he had come across while reviewing the papers of the late Colonel Charles Cavender, commanding officer of the 423rd Infantry Regiment. It had originally been written to Captain Sam Davis, my company commander, and forwarded by him to the colonel. I have absolutely no recollection of having written it, especially on a typewriter. Perhaps Sam copied my handwritten or handprinted letter and sent out carbon copies to some of his fellow officers who had been captured.
    Originally written at Welch Convalescent Hospital in Daytona Beach, Florida, it has been edited to correct typos and errors and to take out some material of a personal nature. This letter and Dick Sparks' A Walk Through The Woods give,very similar accounts of some of the same happenings.)
16 July 1945
Dear Captain Sam,
    You don't know how glad I was to hear from you today. I had been wondering ever since December 19th what had happened to you and the rest of headquarters company. The I&R platoon certainly was lucky to escape. The story is a long one as follows:
    On the night of December 18th we were put on a road block at the crossroads between the remainder of the regiment and the little town near which the fight had occured that afternoon. At dawn on the 19th we saw a terrific artillery bombardment fall on the area in which we had presumed the regiment was. Apparently the Germans did not see us at the crossroads. After about an hour when things had quieted down a bit, Lt. Long decided to move the platoon down and see what had happened. So we moved down the road in our vehicles with a TD, a half track which we had picked up and a 2 1/2 ton truck with all of our belongings and two .50 calibers.
    When we pulled up on a rise in the ground, we saw a tremendous crowd of Americans with white flags and their hands up and we realized the fate of the regiment. Just then we were spotted and direct fire came in on us. We did the only sensible thing that we could. With the little time left we tried to set fire to the vehicles and took off on foot with all of the ammo that we could carry, discarding overshoes and overcoats.
    Skirting the little town, we ran into Maj. Helms who had a collection of stragglers including part of A Co. with Capt. Nauman, Lt. McKinley and some of his ASP platoon and a bunch of T.D's.

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    Lt. Long tried to persuade Helms to destroy the vehicles and try to infiltrate through in small groups, but he wouldn't listen.
    Almost as soon as the convoy pulled out, direct fire came tearing in again and they pulled into some heavy woods. Helms wouldn't destroy the vehicles, so Long got us together and with Nauman and McKinley and their men we took off leaving the others to their fate. Not long after we left, an intense barrage rolled in on them.
    We split up into two groups, Nauman and McKinley with Long. Everything was going well until Nauman got trapped in another town. Our group moved all that night passing GP:man outposts and coming very close to the German tank columns moving up, cross4 roads between vehicles and such.
    We traversed some treacherous territory, up and down mountaineous hills, through dense forests, wading icy streams. Towards morning Dick Sparks and I were separated from Long's crowd and got with McKinley's. Once we stopped for a rest and some German tanks almost ran over us. Finally we rested for a few hours, then as it began to get light, we could hear Germans talking all around us. Luckily, they moved
    1, off and so did we. Travelling all day in the woods as much as possible, we moved at top speed for we knew if we didn't reach our lines soon, the enemy advance would completely engulf us again. We could hear artillery barrages in all directions.
    Once while in the woods we thought that we heard 2 1/2 ton trucks on a road nearby so we, crept up to see. They were 2 1/2s, but they were loaded with enemy troops and accompanied by their own tanks, assault guns, etc.* We had to drop quick and I happened to be on the edge of the woods. They stopped and set up their command post right there. One German with a machine pistol came up within a few yards of where I lay, but either thought that I was dead or didn't see me. Finally we moved out of there after dark, then ran into an outpost at a road juncture and wiped it out. Now we were in between the Americans and the Germans preparing for the final push on SiVith, dodging artillery from both.
    Finally before dawn on the morning of the 21st we hit an outpost of the 7th Armored. They said that it was impossible to have gotten through the extensive mine fields and trip wires, any one of which, if hit, would have brought down everything that the 7th had on that area.
    At the S-2 position of the 7th's combat command we met Spier and Brendlinger who had become separated from the group. They had run smack into another concentration of Germans, but Spier saved the day by explaining in his perfect German that they were Germans going out as spies. Amazingly, the Germans believed him and luckily, they didn't ask Brendlinger any questions.
    We were carried into St.Vith and, much to our dismay, learned that it was almost completely surrounded, that the 106th Hq had long left and the 7th was preparing to leave. At that time we were the only known survivors of the 422nd and the 423rd. The 424th was lucky in having a better position with respect to the German plan of attack and had not been completely cut off as we were. A war correspondent said that our story was one of the best of the war and newsreels were taken of us.

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    About noon that day the Germans began a terrific bombardment and kept it up all day. That night there was only one road open and the 7th began pulling out. We were ordered to remain behind as a rear guard with some tanks, T.D.s and armored infantry. So there we stayed knowing that the end was near. After several hours the artillery lifted and the Germans started dropping in those brilliant flares which lit the place up brighter than day and then some Tiger tanks came rolling in and had a point blank fight with our armor.
    We had been deployed alongside them as flank protection. Our armor and the buildings around us were hit by the fire from the Tigers and we were all pretty well dazed. When we came to our senses, some of the tanks were blazing, but amazing as it seems, the platoon was still intact. Further back in town, we hopped the surviving tanks and rode out on the only remaining open road. It was covered with 88 and M.G fire just above our heads, but somehow we all got back to high ground where the 7th was planning a stand.
    The snow really fell that night and by the next morning we were in bad shape so we were sent back to report to 106th Hq. After stumbling around all day, we fmally ran into some of the 424th artillery and caught a ride back to Vielsalm only to find that Hq had just pulled out, but Lt. Dick White, 423rd liasion officer at division, got us a good place to stay for the night. At last, we thought, a good night's sleep! But about two o'clock in the morning we were awakened, told that Vielsalm was expected to fall at any minute and packed into a truck. For the next day we were hop, skip and jump ahead of the Germans and finally caught up with division headquarters at Ferrieres, at last in a safe place. The few survivors of the 422nd and 423rd were assembled there and we got a few days rest. Heidepriem and Minable, another radioman who had been attached to a calvary unit and had gotten through, came in. MISgt Givens, Charlie Sartori and Capt.- - were also there.
    Then a very terrible thing happened after all that we had been through together without losing a man, a rifle accidentally went off while being cleaned, killing Bill Morris instantly and severely wounding Felix Henderson. That was almost the straw that broke the camel's back. The division G-2 wanted to keep us as a unit and assigned us to 424th headquarters. That didn't last long , however, and the platoon was broken up and we were scattered as individuals throughout the 424th.
    Lt. Long was made 1st Bn S-2 and Casenheiser and a few of the fellows went with him. Bulman, Dent., Sheehan, Spier and myself went to A Co. which had suffered heavy casualties and were made squad leaders. I lasted until the middle of January though my feet were getting numb and it was getting hard to move about. Then during an attempt to take a small village we were caught in an artillery barrage and had a good many killed and wounded. Sheehan was hit in the neck by shrapnel and I had a close call from a near miss. The medics also found that my feet were severely frozen and Sheehan and I were evacuated together. Survivors from the 424th whom I met back in various hospitals said that regiment had caught hell, so I don't know how many of our old MLR men were left when the division was reorganized in April. I'm still pretty well messed up, but hope to be out of the army within the next two months.
Thus ends my story.
* German information published after the war had elements of both the Fuhrer Escort

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    Now there are some questions that I want to ask you. Do you remember what happened to Prater, who was with the S-2 section and not with us? Was Col. Nagle killed?
    I didn't see his name on the captured list in the Army-Navy Journal. How did Col. Cavender take the capture? What happened after we last saw you?
    Incidentally, I saw a captured German newsreel which showed what looked like some of our I&R vehicles burning just after we had left them. The more I read of the breakthrough the more 1. am convinced that the 106th and the 99th were used as bait to draw the Germans out of the Siegfried Line to fight in the open. Maybe some day it will come out.
I hope that you are back to normal again and enjoying life. Please write again soon.
As always,
"Rat" Califf
    In the spring of 1992 reviews for A Midnight Clear, a movie set in the Bulge, appeared in several magazines. After reading these reviews it seemed probable to me that it was about the experience of GI's from an I&R platoon. Seeing the movie and reading the book upon which it was based confirmed this and the detail and insight contained in both made it almost certain that the author would had to have been an I&R man. Though our experience lacked the haunting allegorical atmosphere of the book and movie, so many of the adventures and misadventures of this group were eerily similar to ours as was its cast of characters, nicknames and things like the chateau with faux-marble columns in its entrance hall, the death of a comrade, the jeep accident, both the weary and the fanatical Germans.
    Dick Sparks even suspected that the author William Wharton, who had used a pen-name, may have been one of the several non-responding members of our group and got in touch with him through the book publisher' He had been in an I&R platoon in another division at the southern end of the Bulge and after the war had become a painter and a writer living on a houseboat in the river Seine near Paris' None of us were so fortunate as to have such a romantic life-style!
    Later Wharton was in Columbia for a book signing at a bookstore right down the street and we had an interesting session about our similar experiences. His plot and characters were real, only slightly modified for the allegorical story. There really were only six surviving men from his squad. The other squad from his platoon actually had gone out on a patrol, never to be seen or heard from again. Such probably would have been the fate of the 423rd I&R had it been in action longer. A study of the intelligence and reconnaissance platoon as a combat unit would be interesting to read. Perhaps `! one exists in the archives of the Infantry School.
    Wharton's message is about the stupidity of war. The dedication to his book reads: To those ASTPers who never reached majority . . . We need you now.

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    In the military history of our nation the Battle of the Bulge was a paradox - its largest campaign beginning with a major defeat and ending in a great victory. Many books, studies and analyses about it have appeared since its occurence more than a half century ago now. A very short condensation of this massive conflict seems desirable here to provide a background for the situations which involved a small infantry unit in an ill-fated infantry division around which it swirled.
    By the early fall of 1944 the forces of the Third Reich were being pushed back on all fronts. In the East the Russian summer offensive had reached the German border with Poland. In the West the Allies had gotten out of the Normandy beachheads in July and had reached the river Seine and Paris by the end of August, then had rapidly advanced to the Siegfried Line by the middle of September. These forces were stretched out from the North Sea down to southern France with their supply lines running back to the beachheads. To provide a closer source of the vast supplies necessary for the final push to the Rhine and the industrial heartland of Germany the reopening of the great Belgian port of Antwerp was being anticipated.
    Meanwhile, the 28th Infantry Division crossed the Our River and the 4th broached some of the bunkers of the Siegfried Line on the Schnee Eifel before being mauled by the elite 2nd and 2nd SS Panzers. These successful counterattacks by panzer units through this area in the midst of defeat prompted Adolf Hitler to plan a breakthrough here to recapture Antwerp and change the course of the struggle. German attacks through this area had been successful by calvary in 1914 and by armor in 1940. Against the advice of his generals and at great cost to the overall defense of the Fatherland, Hitler ordered the secret massing of thirteen volksgrenadier (infantry) and five panzer divisions, totalling some 250,000 troops, 700 tanks and assault guns and 2,600 artillery pieces and rocket launchers with three divisions and two brigades in reserve. Facing this massive buildup stretched out along a seventy five mile front at more than four times the recommended coverage, were only six American infantry divisions and a lightly armored calvary group, backed up by widely dispersed units of an armored division and bereft of readily available reserves. Their men and equipment totalled 83,000 troops, 400 tanks and tank destroyers and 400 artillery pieces, creating a German advantage of 1.7 to 1 in armor, 3 to 1 in men and almost 7 to 1 in artillery. However, even considering the long supply lines, the Americans had an advantage in the availability of fuel and ammunition of which the Germans had serious shortages. To cover the more than 125 miles from the front to Antwerp the panzers would have to depend on captured fuel and much of their artillery was horse drawn as was the ammunition supply for it and for their unbelievably rapid firing automatic weapons. In strategic planning German capabilities were underestimated by the Americans and overestimated by themselves to the detriment of both sides.
    Antwerp is on a wide, undulating plain, open eastward to the Meuse River and then was covered with a good road network for the movement of armor. However to reach the Meuse from Germany attacking forces had to push eastward through the Eifel and the Ardennes, rough and heavily forested terrain crossed by rivers with deep gorges which the major north-south roads parallel.

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Return and Remembrance, John CaIlff, 423rd Infantry, I&R Platoon
    Connecting east-west roads were narrow and often unpaved in a geological area with soft soil making the movement of armor and heavy trucks very difficult in rainy weather and cross-country. There were no cities in the region and the larger towns with several thousand people developed around the major crossroads of St. Vith, Manhay, Clervaux and Bastogne. Possession of these crossroad towns and the smaller crossroad villages was vital to the success of the breakthrough.
    The German strategy was to concentrate heavy artillery and infantry attacks on weakly defended access points along the front to make openings for the advance of powerful armored spearheads to the important crossroads, then to the Meuse and the open highways beyond to Antwerp. These attacks were not to begin until meteorologists could predict at least a week of typical Ardennes winter weather with thick clouds, mist and fog which would ground Allied air power' To accomplish this mission a strict timetable was set. There would be one day to broach the front lines, another to cross the rugged terrain of the Eifel and the Ardennes and a third to reach the banks of the Meuse.
    Two puzzling aspects of American planning and command greatly aided the enemy effort. First, the Losheim Gap, scene of the German breakthroughs in 1914 and 1940, was one of the weakest points in the First Army front which lay between the junction of the 99th and 106th Infantry Divisions covered only by the light tanks and armored cars of the 14th Calvary Group. A similar situation existed to the south at the Bleialf road junction between the 423rd and 424th Regiments of the 106th. Then there was the complete disregard by the staffs from the corps level on up through the supreme command of reports from intelligence sources ranging from infantry combat patrols in close contact to aerial reconnaissance. These reports indicated a major enemy buildup of panzer units with heavy support behind the front lines in the Eifel, yet no countermeasures were even contemplated, much less taken'
    This incredible buildup was accomplished with hand delivered orders and mes- west and the east were brought together to form the 6th SS Panzer Army from
    sages in complete radio and telephone silence. The best divisions and brigades in the Losheim north, the 5th Panzer Army south to the all infantry 7th Army, all under Army Group B. They were retrofitted with men and equipment as much as possible
with the four units bearing variations of the Fuhrer's name getting the best of every-
    1 thing available. The 1st SS Adolf Hitler Liebstandarte and the 12th SS Hitler Youth Panzer Divisions and the Fuhrer Escort and Grenadier Brigades personified this effort as his brainchild.
    Early in the morning of December 16th after intense artillery barrages, volksgrena,' diers and assault guns attacked weak points in the American lines opening the way for the armored kampfgruppes of the 1st and 12th SS panzers to break through the Losheim Gap. Further south near Clervaux, similar action occured with the crack regular army 2nd, 116th and Panzer Lehr divisions advancing. During the next two days these spearheads pushed forward some twenty miles on either side of St.Vith and in between them another attack took Bleialf and the road north from there to Losheim paralleling the Our River, thus encircling the two 106th regiments in a double noose ten miles out in front. This action separated them from the third regiment, the 424th, which with help from a combat command of the 9th Armored was able to fall back into the defense line which was being formed around St.Vith.

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    There was no withdrawal possible now for the two encircled regiments which had little ammunition and no resupply, reinforcement, support or clear orders from division or corps due to poor communication, both verbally and technically. With only small arms they thrashed around in the trap and attempted to get to Schonberg to deny the enemy use of the Bleialf-Losheim road, but were quashed by their heavy firepower. Since further resistance would have resulted in mass slaughter for no strategic purpose, the regimental commanders had to give up with more than 7,000 men, the greatest mass surrender of Americans after Bataan. Some seventy men who had been separated from these regiments in the melee were able to get to St.Vith through the Germans individually or in small groups which included our 423rd I&R platoon whose experiences have been chronicled here.
    All armored, infantry and airborne divisions not on line were being rushed in to stop the breakthrough. The 7th Armored barely got from Holland to St.Vith before the major access roads were cut by the panzers. Armored elements of Patton's Third Army headed for Bastogne as did the 101st Airborne as the 82nd Airborne along with
the veteran 30th Infantry Division built up a new defensive line in the sector between Stavelot and Manhay.
    Among the first troops committed to protect St.Vith had been the men of the 168th and the 106th's 81st Combat Engineers whose command post had been there along with that of the division. They were joined by the 106th's 424th and the 28th's 112th regiments along with the 9th Armored's CCB as they fell back from the original front lines. Eventual command of the "fortified goose egg" defense went to the 7th Armored when it arrived with its three combat commands. After several days this defensive operation found itself being pounded on three, and almOst four sides by the enemy buildup and it was ordered to hold the vital road center as long as movement was still possible to the more defensible Stavelot-Manhay line being set up some twenty miles back. Having gained access to the road network from the Eifel to St.Vith, the Germans brought up their heavy Tiger tanks and overwhelmed the last defenders left in the town on the night of December 21st. The 424th was reorganized as a regimental combat team with other surviving elements of the 106th and replacements and put into the middle of the new defense line'
    Massed dug-in troops on the northern shoulder of the breakthrough, the arrival of the 30th Infantry and 82nd Airborne Divisions along the Stavelot-Manhay line and a fuel shortage slowed the advance of the SS kampfgruppes. To the south the racing armored columns of the 5th Panzer Army had been able to get further on towards the Meuse through the loosely defended countryside while the 101st Airborne and CCB of the 10th Armored were holding out at Bastogne. Between there and Manhay the recon battalion of the 2nd Panzers made the deepest enemy penetration almost getting within sight of the Meuse near Dinant before running out of gas and into the British 29th Armored Brigade. At the far southern end of the front the 7th Army without panzers kept up steady pressure with conventional infantry attacks, but gained little ground. With the Allied withdrawals and the steady elimination of resistance between the spearheads the Germans were creating the celebrated bulge, a solid penetration seventy five miles into Belgium and Luxemburg.

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    Two days before Christmas the foul weather which had kept Allied air support grounded finally broke and more than 3000 bombers, fighter bombers and cargo planes covered the skies. They harassed German armor, supply lines and road networks and dropped food and ammunition down to the besieged troops at Bastogne, allowing it to escape the fate of StVith.
    For the next month the battle raged on in fierce tank battles and large scale infantry attacks with equally brutal small group and hand to hand fighting. When the tide was finally turned near the end of the year and roles were reversed, the intensity of the struggle did not diminish, though the tactics differed as the Americans moved forward across the entire front instead of in spearheads. By the end of January the fighting was again at the Siegfried Line where it had started and the Battle of the Bulge was over.
' ' Hitler's gamble was costly to both sides in men and material. Official accounts
    show that Allied losses totalled 80,987 with 10,276 killed, 47,493 wounded and ii 23,218 missing. The Germans claimed a total of 81,834 casualties (over 100,000 unofficially) with 12,652 killed, 38,600 wounded and 30,582 missing. The U.S. Army lost more than 700 tanks and tank destroyers and the Germans some 800 tanks and - ' assault guns, some of which were left by the roadsides in "factory fresh" condition, 4: • but completely out of fuel. Ironically, in spite of massive bombing raids and material • ' shortages, production of German armored vehicles had reached its peak simultaneously with the beginning of the attack in December as the production of fuel to keep them in action declined drastically.
    , Both sides suffered from the unrelenting attacks of a common enemy. By the end 1,. of December the usually bad weather had developed into the worst winter within living memory. In some areas of the Eifel and the Ardennes the temperature normally 7 drops below freezing for almost 150 days out of the year with stiff winds and heavy snow, sometimes accumulating a foot in a day., but in forty five days of the battle it was above freezing for only eight days with lows ranging from 32 to 8 degrees and i highs from 42 to 22 degrees. Even those eight days of thawing were bad news for the combatants as they turned unpaved roads into troughs of axle deep mud, impassable even to jeeps much less to armor and loaded trucks.
    Studies on winter warfare have shown that a high percentage of casualties to ground troops have been due to the weather, not only directly resulting in freezing and misery, but indirectly hastening death for the badly wounded left exposed for much more than a half hour.
    When the deaths and injuries from the cold were added to those from small arms and artillery fire, the results showed that more than ninety per cent of the total American casualties came from the infantry. Post combat analyses concluded that although both sides heavily used armor and artillery, the battle was mainly an infantry fight.

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Return and Remembrance, John Calf, 423rd Infantry, l&R Platoon
    ( Upon our return from Belgium Rob's wife Lydia commented that he had talked more about that venture than any of his countless trips all over the world in his medical research career. At my request he put his reactions and
thoughts in writing. JC )
Robert M. Califf, MD
    Increasingly over the past few years, I've marveled at the naive concept I had as a child that adults understand why the world works the way it does. Now that I've reached the venerable age of 47 years, my perspective has changed: adults have no more direct insight into the meaning of the universe than children; instead they have a lifetime of experiences that have shaped their ability to deal with the world as it is. A recent expedition to Belgium with my father opened an aveliving'his past and my present that has provided an impetus for many hours of reflection on this subject.
    As the beneficiary of an era of prosperity never before experienced in the world, I have been lucky enough to avoid even a second of doubt about the availability of the fundamentals of living. I've been able to attend outstanding schools and to have the freedom to pursue a career as an academcountries'ascular medicine specialist characterized by extraordinary rewards, both human and intellectual.
    Part of this blessed existence has been an opportunity to pcondition' in the organization of clinical research studies that involve physicians, nurses, and patients from over thirty countries. This experience has enabled me to develop friendships and to see situations that have provided a broad horizon of possibilities for the future of the human condition. A part of this global effort to improve the plight of patients with vascular disease has been a close collaboration with colleagues at the Catholic University in Leuven, Belgium.
    Anyone working in central Europe is immediately aware of the rich texture of cultures within a small geographic distance. Documents and conversations must take into account the differences between French and Flemish Belgium, while just across the borders of the small country of Belgium lie substantial differences in world view -- France on one side, the Netherlands in another direction, and Germany to the East. Despite constant awareness of these differences, my professional field has been characterized by a relentless drive across national boundaries to work together to improve the state of the field--suffering from a heart attack is the same in all languages!
    As a child, I heard stories of the Battle of the Bulge, but the details escape me and never do I remember hearing the whole story of my father's experience.

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    I just knew that somehow the War had shaped his view of the world, and in some unexplainable fashion perhaps it had changed the way in which he interacted with the world. He had never mentioned the possibility, or an interest, in going back to the scene to which he was shipped with little preparation during the record-breaking cold winter of 1944.
    During the weeks and months leading up to the 50th anniversary of Normandy, it ,crossed my mind that it would be worthwhile to take my father back for a visit, but I was busy with my own business and initially dismissed the concept. The thought kept crossing my mind, though, and when the opportunity arose last year I called home to see if he would like to accompany me to a medical education meeting in Brussels. He agreed and, although he was reserved about it, his excitement about the trip rapidly became apparent. And so we set out on a late-life father-son pilgrimage to revisit the War scene.
    We enjoyed the excellent service of American Airlines from Raleigh-Durham airport to London Gatwick, and from there we were off to Brussels' Dad had carefully planned his trip, and in his usual modest way had packed his belongings in a small set of bags, with most careful attention to the written material from a guide with whom he had been corresponding, Henri Rogister.
    On the way to Belgium we noticed that the weather report was unusual--heavy snow was predicted; indeed, the forecast was for the worst snowstorm since .'. December, 1944. In my usual haste, I was poorly prepared for the cold weather, but I have gained a sense of trust and confidence in the world, and so we proceeded on regardless.
    My first two days were spent at the conference' Dad made an excursion with Henri and then returned to have meals with the group of my cardiologist colleagues ,gathered at an excellent Belgian hotel. His presence with a group of my peers from all around Europe filled me with emotion. As we described to them the circumstances of our visit, this group of learned academic physicians became extremely personal about their views and experiences related to World War II. Everyone wanted to hear the story of the Americans at the Battle of the Bulge; and in the context of the stories, they readily expressed their tremendous sense of respect for the generation that had defended freedom, while leaving their blood and their friends on the fields of Europe' In a way my Dad was treated like ( the kind of man) that he really was' His sense of humility and his respect for my friends set an example that I will never forget. Furthermore, my friends' warm reception of this older man who had sacrificed for our ':mutual benefit renewed my enthusiasm for the value of our international effort.
    Armed with good feelings, my Dad and I set off by train on the third day in a heavy snowstorm. A smiling Henri met us in a (typically) small European car. He and my Dad had set the proposed agenda for the day, and during its course I was privileged to have a remarkable experience.

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    Through the day, we visited numerous small villages and even entered some houses along the way that were the same ones in which my father had survived the ordeal. Particularly memorable was a visit to a house in which he and a group had stayed that was within shouting distance of the German troops. My father and the matron of the house shared vivid memories of their mutual experience. As Henri listened in and expressed his feelings, the dark side of the cultural differences became evident'
    As I enjoy my work very much with Belgian, French, and German colleagues, it is sobering to recognize that just 54 years ago, in the exact same spot in which we were sitting, these same cultures had allowed young men to kill each other at point blank range. And to my horror I heard the stories of civilian massacre in the villages of the Ardennes. What will keep us from continuing to replicate these cycles of cultural hatred that have characterized European history?
    While the general theme of suffering is probably no different from Vietnam, Korea, or individual tragedies of everyday life, much of the experience was highly personal--being able to visualize my father's experience in an epic struggle that played a part in shaping the direction of the world for a generation. Visiting the American soldiers' cemetery in the Ardennes, hearing details of the Malinedy Massacre and seeing the crossroads at which the valiant stand was taken by American artillery in the face of inevitable death, I was able to viscerally feel the experience of my father. The indescribable horror of being in a dormitory one day and just a few months later being alone in a strange European country in the worst snowstorm in years--I now understood why it was discussed so little at home.
    The unbearable cold and snow of 1998, which must have been close to the exact conditions of 1944, made the experience even more memorable. For reasons that remain unexplained, the American troops at the point of the German attack not only had inadequate munitions but also lacked appropriate cold weather gear. How could they stand the ongoing cold with no opportunity to go into a warm car or put on an extra sweater or coat, and with a greater than one-in-four chance of not emerging from the conflict alive?
    Our visit ended with a snack and discussion with a Belgian couple and another survivor of the Battle of the Bulge' Stories were exchanged as we warmed up, and pictures were taken to capture the good memories in a place in which so much suffering had occurred. Henri dropped us off at the station, and we took the train back to Brussels, exhausted and quiet, with much to think about. Our trip home was uneventful and we returned to our previous existence.
    I returned to my job of physician in charge of the Cardiac Care Unit to find a resident in training from Germany - one of our brightest and friendliest - busy saving the lives of patients in our intensive care unit. He commented that his uncle had been on the other side but didn't like to talk about his experience there.
What did I learn? We frequently say in medical research that we learned some-
thing from the last experiment, but we 're just not sure what it was. But here's a try:
    My father is a quiet man--I'm now convinced that this is a characteristic emanating from classical male behavior, a somewhat congenital desire to enjoy absence of speech shared with my sons, and a

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Return and Remembrance, John Calk 423rd Infantry, l&R Platoon
    result of his experience during the War' I learned of a concussion incurred in action that may also have had a long-lasting effect' The closeness of father and son do not emanate simply from words, but from a primordial common understanding based on experiences--and this one made a huge difference to me' My respect for the man and my gratitude for what he provided increased enormously' I know how extremely
lucky I am to be able to have had this experience'
    What of his colleagues who never made it home and were left there to be buried on foreign soil? What would they have contributed? How were their families changed? What could have been done to prevent this from happening? Why did some die while others were spared? I have no better answer now than I did when visiting Hiroshima in 1990 or when caring for dying patients throughout my career.
    The people of central Europe live in a complex world' The simple friendliness of my colleagues in medical research and the many Belgians who helped us tour the scene, as they have helped thousands of other veterans and their families, provides great hope for the future. The cultural differences can be overcome'
    What about the Germans on the other side of the Battle, who as I heard could have been as young as 15? The current generation is living proof that the societal madness of Nazi Germany was a transient derangement--one that should not be forgotten but also one that should not be cast in stone. The descendants of the same people who were attempting to kill my father are now my close colleagues and collaborators'
    A final thought--the greatest hope for avoiding repetition of the past is the same instrument that allowed our trip to be so successful--the internet' Not only were most of my communications about the scientific sessions conducted on the internet, but my Dad's planning with his Belgian guide was done "on line". By communicating frequently in a common format we increase our similarities and reduce the opportunity for senseless presumptions about the motives of others'
    I have been lucky in many ways throughout my life, and this trip was one of my most fortunate experiences' The opportunity for reflection on it provides continuing motivation--to try to set an example for my own family, to push for continued international collaboration and, above all, to enjoy the effort, for our time on earth is limited.
Robert M. Calif, MD

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In our yard during the 106th's 1994 annual reunion in Columbia, at it's largest gathering
were twelve of the eighteen survivors of the I&R Platoon at that time.
Back row Ur: John Califf;Doug Prater, Bob Hirst; Johnny Johnson; Ted Slaby;
Bob Brendlinger, Gordon Zicker and Al Shoffit.
Front row sitting Pr: Dick Sparks; Casey Casenhiser; Huck Jones and Irish Sheehan.
Fortunately we were able to return some of the hospitality shown by two of our Belgian
friends when they vivited Raleigh, North Carolina in 1999. We got together for dinner at the
Washington Duke campus. As photographed afterwards we are
Ur; Rob Califf; Karl-Heinz Noel; Sarah Califf; John Calif
Anne-Marie Simon and Rob's wife. Lydia

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    This effort gives some recollections and history of the battle and of some of the towns, villages and buildings where it happened. Perhaps too much space is given to St.Vith, even though some of the material collected was not used. It must have been an unconscious effort on my part to compensate for the short shrift in importance given by the media to that town in favor of Bastogne, both then and now'
    My being in both an intelligence and reconnaissance platoon and a rifle company provided different views of the situation. In the 423/I&R we moved back toward our lines in the midst of the attacking enemy armor, then faced the attack of those forces after we got there. In 424/A there was the continuous day and night misery of enemy fire and freezing cold with the distinct possibility of death from either or both.
    These happenings occured within a relatively short span of time, a little over five weeks. I have the highest respect for those men whose combat experience covered months, if not years' Some went from North Africa through Sicily, Italy, Normandy, Holland, the Bulge and Germany. Many were wounded and returned to action several times. I have great empathy with those 7000 comrades in the 422nd and 423rd who, through no fault of their own, underwent the humiliation of being surrendered and sent to POW camps, Because this album contains mostly factual accounts of my experiences in the places revisited, one should turn elsewhere for related background material'
    Dick Sparks' A Walk Through The Woods tells of the entire 423rd I&R experience, paralleled by some of the happenings in William Wharton's amazingly similar book A Midnight Clear and its film version. In my view the miserable life in the infantry is well told by Stephen Ambrose in Band of Brothers, even though its locale is Bastogne and its infantry are really of the airborne variety. The Ardennes portion of the resulting Hanks-Spielberg movie showing an artillery barrage in the snowy woods and its devastating effects is terrifyingly realistic and recalls our situation near Coulee. The old black and white movie Battleground is a classic. Danny S. Parker's big volume Battle of The Bulge, Hitler's Ardennes Offensive gives a very comprehensive and richly illustrated view of the entire campaign and John Toland's Battle shows it in an interesting manner through the eyes of combatants on both sides.
    Sometimes my narrative touches on controversial issues such as war crimes, the " good German - bad German" dilemma and the initial American failures in intelligence, strategy and tactics. These issues have been studied by experts for almost sixty years without any accepted resolution in my mind. My discussing them in depth here would be indulging my tendency to "tilt at windmills," It must be said, though, that the widely held GI belief in 1945 that the 106th had been used as bait was discarded 'long ago after the failures mentioned above had been studied and published.
These reprints of my album all in black and white are appropriately dark and
gloomy. In the winter of 1944-45 the sun seldom shone. The mud was gray and so
    was the sky. The trees appeared to be almost as dark as the clothes of the villagers' All of this was accentuated by the whiteness of the snow . Both the Belgian and the
    1 German civilians were downcast and weary. Many of their homes and shops were destroyed or bare, their families shattered by separation and death' It was a dark, gloomy time in their lives and ours.

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    In both the original album and in the copies the text tells of a new day there in the same places - the gaiety of the young people and the Christmas festival in the Grand'Place, the bustling streets of St.Vith, the warmth, gratitude and helpfulness of my Belgian friends and my son's hope for the future based on his experience with Europeans working together in medical research. In the original album color photographs, many taken in better weather, also brighten the scene. In her warm, modern kitchen Madame Lakaille-Collin wears a gay purple flowered smock. A young girl dashes across the rebuilt An Den Linden in St.Vith' Snowy Neundorf, the brief sanctuary for a wornout I&R, basks in the soft hue of the setting sun. And perhaps most symbolic of all, at Henri-Chapelle in these same golden rays the archangel hovers radiantly over the graves of those men whose sacrifice helped to make this new day possible' Revised December 2002 by John Califf
    Ambrose, Stephen E' Band of Brothers, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1992 Ambrose, Stephen E. Citizen Soldiers, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1997
    Dupuy, R' Ernest St'Vith, Lion in the Way. Infantry Journal Press, Washington 1949 Gallagher, Richard Malmedy Massacre, Paperback Library, Inc., New York 1964 Goldstein, Donald M', Dillon, Katherine V., and Wenger, J. Michael, Nuts,
The Battle of the Bulge, Brassey's, Washington, London 1994
    Keegan, John Waffen SS' the asphalt soldiers, Ballantine Books, New York 1970 MacDonald, Charles B' A TimeforTnimpets, William B. Morrow and Company, New Yak 1985 Merriam, Robert E' Dark December, Ziff-Davis Publishing Company, New York 1947 Moretock, J.D' Genemls of the Ankrnnes, National Defense University Press, Washington 1993 Parker, Danny S. Battle ofthe Bulge, Hitkr's Aniames Offaisive, Combined Pleas, Pennsylvania 1999 Sparks, Richard D' A Walk Through the Woods, privately printed by the author 1991 Taylor, Hal R A Teen's War.'.Training Combaz Capture, 1st Books Library, Bloomington, IN 1999 Toland, John Battle, The Story of the Bulge, Random House, New York 1966 Tolhurst, Michael St' Vith US 106th Infantry Division, Leo Cooper/
Combined Press, Pennsylvania 1999
    Wharton, William A Midnight Clear, Ballantine Books, New York 1982 Whiting, Charles Death of a Division, Stein and Day, New York 1981 Government Documents
    The US Army Armor School The Battle at St' Vith, Belgium, 17-23 December 1944 7th Annored Division Combat Interviews, The St [fish Salient, Dec. 17-23,1944,
    transcribed and indexed by Wesley Johnston, son ofWallerG Johnston, Jr.., AT/B/38 7thArmoted Periodicals and Articles
    Boyle, Hal 'Battle of the Bulge Recalled After Ten Yeats" Associated Bess ( December 12, 1954) Dupuy, R' Ernest "The Fear That Failed" Blue Book ( December 1949 ): 12-23 Prank, Stanley "Ilse GICIfiOUS Collapse of the 106th" Saturday Evening Post ( November 9, 1946) Kline, John P', editor The Cub of the Golden Lion (quarterly 1946 to date),
    The Cub Passes in Review (compilation 1991) The 106th Infantry Division Association Mariam, Robert E "Butgeland Revisited" The infant?), kuntal (December 1949 ):13-18

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    Wharton, William A Midnight Clear, Ballantine Books, New York 1982 Whiting, Charles Death of a Division, Stein and Day, New York 1981 Government Documents
    The US Army Armor School The Battle at St. Vith, Belgium, 17-23 December 1944 7th Armored Division Combat Interviews, The St' Vith Salient, Dec' 17-23,1944, transcribed and indexed by Wesley Johnston, son of
Walter G. Johnston, Jr., AT/B/38 7th Armored
Photographs and Maps
    In addition to those of the author, the photographs and maps came from the following sources: American Battle Monuments Commission, Brussels Tourist and Informa,.tion Office, Bundesarchiv, Duke University Medical Center, Grenz-Echo, The Infantry Journal, John P.Kline, National Archives, Anne Marie and Karl-Heinz Noel-
    Simon, Adda and Willy Rikken, Henri Rogister, St.Vith Land Survey and Tourist Information Offices, St.Vith Website, Richard D. Sparks, US Army Signal Corps and
):* various Belgian and German publications.
Corrections to RETURN and REMEMBRANCE
Part I, Oct - Nov-Dec 2002
by Association member Adda RIKKEN, GOUVY, Belgium:
    "the south of Belgium is called "Wallonia, but the official language is French (schools, church administration, all). Walton is a dialect spoken by some families in parts of that area.
by Association member Dean F. Jewett, 168th Combat Engineer Battalion: Page 32: BACK TO ST. VITH and the EIFEL:
    "You speak of a nearby monument to an engineer battalion and I believe that you are referring to our monument on the Prumerberg ... former members of the 168th erected this monument ourselves.
Page 35: You refer to "Engineer Cutoff..." we built this cutoff.
    Page 41: you indicate the fortified goose egg was composed mainly of 7th Armored CCB and the 106th's 424th, plus the 81st Engineers.
    My research shows that all three of our line companies were on the Prumerberg defense line. I quote from Dupuy.. "that we had 356 men there and the 81st had 114.
Surely this should entitle us to some consideration, perhaps even, "mainly..."
Author John Califf, and editor John Kline, extend their apologies. Monument built on the Prumerberg
by the 168th Combat Engineer Battalion

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In Memoriam ....
Brasher, S Walter 422/MED
    6601 S County RD 1025 ME Crothersville, IN 47229 Date of Death: 09/27, 2002 Hazel, his wife, wrote: "He had been fighting heart problems since July 1983 when he had to retire. He had two surgeries in the interim and died in his sleep at 78 years of age. We had been happily married for over 58 years' He is survived by five sons and three daughters, 17 grandchildren and 25 great grandchildren' Keep him in your prayers for we miss him so much'

Cariano, Samuel P. DIV/HO
    305 Parkside Place Indian Harbour Beach, FL 32937 Date of Death: 12/15/2002 Age 86, a retired US Army Lt. Colonel. He was born in Lansing, Michigan' He was last employed by U'S' News & World Report in Washington D.C' as Chief of Personnel Operations' He served 31 years of active service and saw action in the battle of the Bulge in WWII and in Korea' He was a member of the Retired Officers Assoc, VFW and DAV as well as the Cape Canaveral Chapter TROA and the 106'" Inf Div Association.
    He was Adjutant of the 106. Inf Div Assoc from 1984 to 1988. He was awarded the Order of the Golden Lion (106th Inf Div Assoc) "Officer's Class -- Silver" at the 1990 Annual Reunion. Survivors: His wife Francis; brother, Thomas Cariano of Stuart; sisters, Mary Michels, Virginia Sovill and Eva Roiter'

Edwards, H. Storey 423/E
    828 Cherokee Lane, Signal Mountain, TN, 37377 Date of Death: 10/20/2002 Age 81, a native of Lyerly, GA and son of the late Howard and Lassie Edwards' He graduated from Lyerly High School and the University of Georgia with a degree in forestry' He served with the 106. Infantry Division in WWII and was a POW, having been captured in The Battle of the Bulge' He was a retired forester from Hieassee Land Co. - Bowater Inc' A member of the Signal Mountain Baptist Church and Selman Sunday School Class. AX-POW Chapter, Society of American Foresters, Signal Mountain Lions Club and City, Farmers'
He is survived by wife, Mary Edwards and several nieces and nephews.

French, William 424/D
    9458 Cherry Tree Dr 104, Strongville, OH 44136 Date of Death: September 2002' Widow Jean reported that William passed away in September' He died of Parkinson's. He had a very rough time of it during the last six months' He is missed greatly by all. He was buried in the new Veteran Cemetery in Rittman, Ohio, a very beautiful place'

Mahoney, R. Neill 590/HO
    3155 Cherry Point Court, Fallbrook, CA 92028 Date of Death 12/28, 2002 age 81. Born in Hutchinson, KS he grew up in Minnesota, Colorado and Wisconsin' In support of the 423" FAB he was one of the few who escaped capture. His career in accounting began with six years in public accounting with two national firms. During this time he earned his CPA credentials by examination' He later worked for a subsidiary of Inland Steel in Milwaukee, three years later he was promoted to a mid-management position with Inland in Chicago, where he remained for 28years' During that time he was promoted to Assistant Corporate Controller and finished his career as Controller of Integrated Steel, a division of the corporation that encompassed steel production and mineral mining' He is
Rest In Peace

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In Memoriam ....
    survived by his second wife of 33 years, the former Charlotte Birkholtz, sons Michael and his wife Cheryl; Dr. Patrick R' and his wife Kathryn; Son James D, a sister Patricia and four grandchildren. He was a long time members of St John's Episcopal Church, a life member of the Financial Executives Institute and past president of the Chicago Chapter; an honorary 50 year members of the American Institute of CPA's; an honorary 50 year member of the Wisconsin Institute of CPA's and a long-time member of the Fallbrook Men's Golf Club'

Meagher, Herbert 422/M
    18228 Montana Ct, Orland Park, IL 60467 Date of Death not given, reported to Adjutant January 13, 2003' Be loved husband of late Luella M. Meagher, loving father of Jean (Jack) Dorris, Gail, Nancy, Queenan and Herbert (Rick). Dearest Grandfather of John (Kristinia), Kathleen, Kelly (Dorris) and Derek Campbell; fond brother of Allan Meagher; kind Uncle of many nieces and nephews; dear brother-in-law of Alex (Dolores) George. Funeral services were at the Holy Sepulcher Mausoleum' Meagher was a Mason and a member of Tinley Park Lodge #810, Retired I.B.E'W' Local #134 (from Chicago Tribune)'

Naslund, Jack C. 423/G
    14075 Canada Street, Red Creek, NY 13143 Date of Death: 01/06.2003 Reported by Harold W' Beam, Naslund's POW Buddy' Jack died on January 6, 2003 at the VA Hospital in Saint Petersburg, Florida. He was a member of 423/G, captured along with the rest of us on 19 December 1944, marched to Koblenz, Limburg and ended up in Stalag IV-B in Muhlberg' He was sent to Gleina along with a work party of about one hundred POWs to work in the reconstruction of a gasoline factory at Troglitz, near the city of Zeitz. He was liberated by the 3. Army on 13 April 1945. We were buddies all through that experience and continued to see each other at least once a year for all the past years' He was a great gentleman. He is survived by three children, Natalie, Carol and Tom'

Rydzinski, Edward 422/I
    1715 Elm Street, Des Plaines, IL 60018 Date of Death: 12/11/2002 Reported by his wife Sylvia. She wrote, "My husband Edward, age 83, died on December 11, 2002. He was very ill and was in the hospital over three months. We were married for over sixty years, being married June 27, 1942' He went into service at Fort Jackson on March 15, 1943. He came home November 1945' He was a wonderful person and loved by everybody' Sylvia..'.
    From his obituary: Age 83, loving father of Gene (Debbie); Steve and Suzanne; proud grandfather of Diana Ferguson, Ginger (Jeff) Neisz and Robert; adoring great-grandfather of Austin Ferguson; dear brother of Frank and the late Dorothy Broniszewski' Member of the Lutheran Church. Lifetime member of the American Legion. Longtime member of the American Legion Post #36, V'F.W. #2992, Des Plaines, IL. Member of I.O'F' Foresters Court Illinois #878. Member of Maine Township Seniors Club and des Plaines Seniors Club. Active volun-
a leer of the Blinois Special Olympics

Rest In Peace
THE, DAV1101411)CE Villager Prent
57th Annual Reunion of the "Golden Lions"
The Drawbridge Inn & Conference Center
Fort Mitchell, Kentucky
In the Greater Cincinnati Area
Reserve the days of September 10-15, 2003
for an enjoyable time with comrades
     Come experience the royal treatment at The Drawbridge. You'll find the charm of a European village and all the friendliness that Northern Kentucky has to offer at this unique hotel. Independently owned and operated for over 30 years, The Drawbridge offers a blend of old world charm and contemporary convenience. The complex is comprised of 23 acres of lodging, meeting, dining and recreation facilities.
    Located at 1-75 and Buttermilk Pike (Exit 186), The Drawbridge is convenient to the excitement of the Kentucky/Ohio Riverfront and to many attractions in the area, including Newport on the Levee. Golf and shopping opportunities are abundant and the Southbank Shuttle makes it quite easy to get around Northern Kentucky and downtown Cincinnati.

2477 Royal Drive, Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Phone 606-341-2800 - Fax 505-5644
57th Annual Reunion
Program, Registration and Hotel Reservation papers
will be mailed in March or early April 2003
A quarterly publication of the 106th Infantry Division Association, Inc.
A nonprofit Organization - USPO #5054
St Paul, MN - Agent: John P Kline, Editor
\Membership fees include CUB subscription }
Paid membership February I, 2003 - 1,593
President John R. Schaffner
Past-President (Ex-Officio) . , , Joseph P. Maloney
1st Vice-Pres John M. Roberts
2nd Vice-Pres Walter G. Bridges
Historian Sherod Collins
Adjutant Marion Ray
CUB Editor, Membership folin I'. Kline
Chaplain Dr. Duncan 'trueman
Memorials Chairman Dr. John G. Robb
Atterbury Memorial Representative Philip Cox
Resolutions Chairman Richard Rigatti
Washington Liaison Jack A. SuLser
Order of the Golden Lion Chairman John O. Gilliland
Committee . Joseph Massey, Sherod Collins Nominating Committee Chairman . John M. Roberts
Committee: Harry Martin, Walter Bridges Mini-Reunion Chairman Harry Martin Editorial Matters, Membership Committee:
John P. Kline - CUB Editor
11 Harold Drive, Burnsville, MN 55337-2786
952-890-3155 -
Business Matters, Deaths, Address changes:
Marion Ray - Adjutant
704 Brianvood Drive, Bethalto, IL 62010-1168
618-377-3674- raybugleboy@charter.nct
Memorial Matters and Inquiries:
Dr. John G Robb - Memorial Chairman
238 Devore Dr., Meadville, PA 16355
Membership Dues:
Richard L' Rigatti Treasurer
113 Woodshire Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15215-1713
412-781-8131 Email:
Dr. Duncan Trueman, Chaplain
29 Overhill Lane, Warwick, NY 10990
845-986-6376 FAX 845-986-4121
Membership Fees
Life Vets/Associates ,., $75 Auxiliary $15
Annual Vets/Associates.,, $10 Auxiliary $2
Annual Dues payable by June 30 each year.
Checks Payable to
"106th Infantry Division Association"
in care of Treasurer. See address above.
Board of Directors
John 0. Gilliland, 592/SV (2003)
140 Nancy Street, Boa, AI, 35957
Frank lapato, 422/IIQ (2003)
RD 8, Box 403, Kittanning, PA 16201
724548-2119 Emil: flapatot.allteltici
harry F. Martin, Jr, 424/L (2003)
PO Box 221, Mount Arlington, NJ 07856
George Peron, 590/A (2003)
19160 Harbor Tree Court, NW Fort Myers' Fl. 33903
Charles K Meek 422/11 (2003)
7316 Voss Parkway, Middleton, WI 53562
Pete Yanchik, 423/A (2004)
1161 Airport Road, Aliquippa, PA 15001-4312
Richard L. Rigatti, 423/B (2004)
113 Woodshirc Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15215-1713
412-781-8131 [,rail: rigatti@libcontcom
John R. Schaffner, 589/A (Exec. Comm.) . . . (2004)
1811 Miller Road' Cockeysville, MD 21030-1013
410-5842754 Email: jschaffn@bcpinct
Jack A. Sulser, 423/F (2004)
917 N Ashton Street, Alexandria, VA 22312-5506
703-354-0221 Email, sulsajl@caoldink.nct
Robert B Hanna, 422/HQ (2005)
7215 Linda Lake Drive' Charlooc, NC 28215-3617
John M. Roberts, 593C (Exec. Comm.) (2005)
1059 Alter Rind, Bloomfield halls, M148304.1401
2A8-338-2667 Email: jar810@aoLcom
Waid Toy, 422/K (2005)
4605 Wade Street, Columbia, SC 29210-3941
Frank S. l'rautman, 422/D (2005)
9 Meadowcrest Drive, Parkersbwrg, WV 26101-9395
Walter G. Bridges, 424/D (2006)
225 Laird Avc, Ilucytoven, A1.3.23-24.
813-988-7013 Entail: wgbridges@rebnimet
Joseph A. Massey, 422/C (2(106)
4820 Spunky llollow Rd' Remlap, A1.35133-5546
Walter M. Snyder, 589/A (2006)
2901 Dunmore Rd Apt 1,4, Dundalk, MO 212225123
Robert F. Sowell, 424/E (2006)
612 Via 1X1 Monte, Palos Verdes Estates, CA 902741208
310-378-5404 timail: marthasowellOcarthlink,net
lial 423/CN (2006)
2172 Rockridgc Dr, Grand Junction, CO 81503-2534
970-245-7807 Email: .1271 @attbi,ctxn
Donald F Herndon (424IL) , (2007)
8313 NW 102, Oklahoma City, OK 73162-4026
405-721-9164 Entail: oklastamps@aol,com
Irwin C. Senior (424/B) (2007)
87 Spier Road, Scarsdale, NY 10583-7318
914-723-8035 invin.c.smolcr Overit.on,net
Major Steven Wall, of TACOM's Brigade Combat Team presents
John M. "Jack" Roberts, "Michigan's Mini-Reunion Organizer"
with a WWII Memorial Flag. See story in Mini-Reunion Section

The Cub
Vol. 59, No. 3, APR , 2003

President's View...
     We recently returned home after a stay at The Drawbridge Inn and Conference Center and found it to be a very nice place for our reunion. We have very accommodating people to work with for the upcoming reunion 10-15 September. I am very excited about it and looking forward to the date with much anticipation. I feel that I must tell you something about the reunion.
    The Drawbridge is very conveniently located near Exit 186 on 1-71/75 so if you are driving, the route is well marked all the way. No in-city driving. If you are flying, the Drawbridge shuttle bus will pick you up at the airport at no charge.
    The hotel is not "high-rise." The buildings are two or fctuistories. The rooms are clean and well kept and equipped with all of the little things that one would expect in a modern day hotel. We had our meals there and were very pleased. They do have a good cook ("Chef," of course.) If you want to have a meal on your own, there are restaurants convenient in The Drawbridge with a variety of menus.
There are also shopping areas nearby if you wish to visit them.
    We toured the area around, and in, Cincinnati. It is referred to as the "Greater Cincinnati Area" and includes the Kentucky side of the Ohio River, Covington, Newport, etc. Like most of the larger cities, Cincinnati has undergone urban renewal and many changes have occurred in recent years to clean up and restore important parts of the big city. We had a guided tour (an option for you) and enjoyed it all. I could fill the Cub with descriptions of the places that we visited.
    The Drawbridge Inn has hosted countless military associations in the past and has been given high praises. While there we met with the owner, Mr. Gerald Deters, who is a real "down home" guy and Army veteran himself. He has promised his personal cooperation to see that we have a good time.
     The next item on the agenda is the trip to the Andersonville, Ga. National Historic Site. As you read in the last Cub, your Memorials Committee Chairman, Dr' John Robb, 422/D, has arranged for the 106 Infantry Division Association POW Memorial to be manufactured, and installed at the National Prisoner Of War Museum. We will travel there for the dedication ceremony to be held on May 25, 2003. We already know that some others of our membership will be in attendance. I would like to see a big crowd, but I realize that traveling such distances at this stage of our life is not as easy as it once was.
    John R, Schaffner, President 2002-2003 106th Infantry Division Association "A" Battery. 589th Field Artillery Battalion 1811 Miller Rd, Cockeysville, MD 21030-1013

Page: 1

President's View...
     I would like to see projects of this nature to be high on the priority list for the Association during the next few years. Some day in the future our Association will no longer exist and we will be remembered only by the history books and the memorials that we can establish while we are here. We must do all that we can to preserve our proud history. Again, I urge you to put on paper whatever you would like your survivors down the line to know about who you were.
Pass on your memoirs in some form. The later it gets, the later it gets.
    This issue of our Cub features accounts of the various "Mini-Reunions" that were held around the country last winter. Harry Martin, 424/L, Mini-Reunions Chairman, is doing a splendid job of promoting this activity. If it is at all possible I urge you to , participate with one of these groups. It will make it possible for you to stay in touch • , with some of those close buddies that you served with. You have a lot in common that will make talking about your past a lot easier. Believe me, it works.
    I thank you for being there for OUR Association. May God bless and keep us all in, good health and make it possible for us to meet again and again for along time to come. John R. Schaffner, 589/A President 2002-2003
we Infantry Division Association
4.* Important Announcement from John Robb, Memorial Chairman ***
106th Infantry Division Memorial
11:00 AM Sunday May 25, 2003
Unveiling Ceremony/Dedlication - A ndersonville NatiOnal Historic Site
In addition to a morning dedication service, Andersonville will have a
2:00 PM service with a major speaker and band.
Picnicking is permitted in designated areas.
Nearby places of Interest:
The National Prisoner or War Museum
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site
Habitat For Humanity International Tour Center and Museum
    Nearby accommodations in Americus, GA: Holiday Inn Express (229) 928-5400 - Jameson Inn (229) 924-2726 Ramada Inn (229) 924-4431 - Windsor Hotel (229) 924-1555
Association costs for the monument are nearly $5,000 2
plus there will be donations for upkeep in the following years.'
To contribute to the cost of the memorial make check payable to
"Andersonville Memorial"
Mail it to Richard L. Rigatti, 106th Association Treasurer
113 Woodshire Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15215-1713

Page: 2

Chaplain's Message...
    I was looking at some photos in my Email the other day - pictures of our troops in Iraq, all dressed up in cumbersome camouflage garb, covered by additional protective clothing and masks, toting equipment that must have weighed as much as I weighed when I was a soldier. I tried to imagine being so heavily clothed and burdened in the blistering desert temperatures. I couldn't quite relate to it, or to the suffering from that climate that they must be enduring - even when no one was shooting at them.
    Then I thought back to December 1944 and to the opposite extreme which we endured. And it reminded me once again of something that the civilian public doesn't seem to comprehend... THAT SUFFERING IS A PART OF SOLDIERING. It always has been and always will be.
    An acquaintance of mine who fought at Korea's Chosin Reservoir once told me that sometimes when he and his frozen companions would wonder if they could survive that terrible winter, they remembered those of us who had done so in the Bulge, and they vowed: "if they could do it, we can do ii" So, suffering is a part of soldiering, and has been since soldiering began. Stephen Ambrose recognized this when he wrote:
    "Just one night in Belgium in December 1944 was memorable, Ten, twenty, thirty nights was hell. Night lasted longer in the northern latitude - 16 hours, It was frequently below zero, with a fog blowing in from the North Sea.,. when it wasn't snowing. When it was, the wind blew like a gale, driving pellets of snow in their faces, It was northern Europe's coldest winter in forty years, Many G.I.'s without shelter' did not even attempt to sleep. They just stayed awake, stomping their feet through the 16 hour nights - or they froze. The G,I.'s went through worse physical misery than the men at Valley Forge. Washington's troops at least had tents, some huts, fires to warm by and provide hot food. And Washington's troops were not engaged in continuous battle, But the conditions in the Ardennes during
those weeks were as brutal as any in history."
    So, as we once endured suffering for others, it is now tragic that another generation must endure suffering for us' But we are now the ones "back home." We are the beneficiaries of their sacrifices. So it matters not what our politics are, or our attitude toward the conduct of the war, or whether we are hawks or doves - or even whether the cause is right or wrong' WE OWE TO 'THE SOLDIERS OVERSEAS EVERY PRAYER AND EVERY ACT OF SUPPORT THAT WE CAN MUSTER!
    Once - to our nations disgrace it treated with disdain our comrades who were returning with deep hurts from an unpopular war in Vietnam. Let that never happen again to men and women who respect the same code that was once our code''. DUTY, HONOR, COUNTRY''
God bless 'ern !
Dr, Duncan Trueman, 424/AT
29 Overbill Lane, Warwick NY 10990
TEUFAX: 845-986-6376
email: dttrueman@yahoo,corn

Page: 3

Front & Center...
Editor, John Kline, 423/M
11 Harold Drive
Burnsville, MN 55337-2786
Tele: 952-890-3155 Fax: 952-707-8950
Web site:\user\jpk
Be sure to watch PBS on May 28.
Since Jan-Feb-Mar 2(X)3 Cub
Your generosity is appreciated
Andeesonville 106th Monument
John Robb 50
John Roberts 100
Frank Laps. 50
Frank Traubnan 50
Winton! Boatright 50
YfilNam Johnson 25
Albert Oelschlg 20
Hal Taylor 50
Bob HoweN 50
Pittsburgh A1101,700US TO
Paul Trost 25
Veterans al Co. B 424th in Honor of Roger
Rutland and In memory of Mattis Rutland 100
Inv*, Slimier 424/8 memory Mattis Rutland 50
Special Donation - Cavanaugh papers ,
Donald Becker 35
Harold 35
Holly-Lynn Busier 35
Wafter Bridges 35
Daniel Drooz 35
John Batons 35
Phil Huffine 35
Joseph Petit° 35
Chades Reeber 35
Irving Schrom 35
Dean Sandahl 35
RN* Sturdevant 35
John Swett 35
Robert Thompson 35
Raymond TWardzik 35
Robed Wood 35
    BERGA: SOLDIERS OF ANOTHER WAR is playing. See the nine page article on page 39. If you miss it, a tape is available, read about it in this CUB.
General Donations
Paul Wayslon 50 50 15 10
Wits ABM-Reunion Joseph A. Petit° Ad Henke
A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E
    Charles died 10 days after the film he shot in Germany was finished. A very moving story of the POWs of Berga. I previewed it and it bought back memories forgotten.
    A tribute to his comrades. Charles did not make it overseas because of an illness just as we left the states. This film was his way of making it up for his buddies. He could have been with them at Berga.
BERGA was a Hell-Hole - read about it as you have never read about it before
Head Count
Life Members (Vets) Annual Members (Vets)
Total Vets
Life Associate Members Annual Assoc Members
Total Associates
Comp Members
04/25/2003 697 623

Page: 4

Front & Center ....
In Memory of Dale Carver
Poet Laureate of the 10611, Inf Division Association
424/HQ 3rd Bit A& P Platoon leader
Silver Star recipient 1945
61 pa, - 58 + $2.50 S&H
This book available from Ruth Carver
742 Druid Circle
Baton Rouge, l.A 70008-4734
    A sullen river of flesh and steel wound sluggishly to the rear -- machines and zombie men who could not feel their own mechanical legs, nor hope nor fear, smoking tanks, half tracks, Jeeps, men weary, liming and lame, insensate, but in their eyes, disbelief and shame.
    Certificate of Appreciation for BOB service Presented by Local Pennsylvania Senator Mike O'Pak In Memory William B Harris, 423/Service Company, 423/SV
See Memorial, this issue
Bill was not able to attend the December 6, 2002 Reading, PA Mini-Reunion
Condolences to Lillian, his wife and to his family.
409 Sunset Road, West Reading, PA 19611

Page: 5

Front & Center ....
Photo of a Belgian member taken at the Vardossan" in Bastogne'
The 106th Infantry Division name is prominent among all the others.
That is Claude Billiet, Liemeux, Belgium, a Vietnam vet.
Photo taken March 3, 2003.
One year from the day that he joined our ranks.
Thanks Claude.
Rule changes in Memoriam Listings
    In all the years that the CUB has been published the rule for listings of deaths of Association members was that "Veterans Only have been listed".
    It was a rule that was, on occasions, questioned by our members. In all the years that the CUB has been published the rule for listings of deaths of Association members was that "Veterans Only" would be listed.
    It is difficult rule to change, for some of you have requested the listing of your spouse in the past' Due to the time, general opinion od veterans of our age, and overall age of our organization this rule is being relaxed.
    Any Association member's death, that means Veteran, Associate or Auxiliary) will be published in this "Memoriam" section, when requested.
    If there are any of you who wish the recent past death of a spouse listed, please write the editor, John Kline with the details.

Page: 6

106th Infantry Division Association - PX Items ..
Send Order to our PX Manager John Gilliland, address below No credit cards - make your Checks payable to:
John Gilliland
140 Nancy Avenue
Boaz, AL 35957-6060
If you call seeking information please refer to the line number of the item listed below.
1. Cap, ball, mesh back, adjustable, 106th Logo/Washington $10.00 + $3,50 S&H
2. Cap, ball, mesh back, adjustable, 106th Logo/WW II Memorial $12,00 + $3,50 S&H
3. 106th shoulder Patch, duplicate of original, 21,Z" $3.00 PP
4. Patch, pocket, etc. 106th Inf. Div. Assn., 4" $3.00 PP
5. Flag Set, US & 106th w/base, miniature (limited) $10.00 PP
6. Address Index, expandable, magnetic, credit card size, w/106th Logo, Gold, $3,00 PP
7. Decal, 4", like 4" Patch, peel and stick $2,00 PP
8. Decal, 4"x 6", 106th Logo on Red & Blue Flag, peel & stick $2,00 PP
9. Decal, 4" x 10", Combat Infantry Badge (CIB), peel & stick $2,00 PP
10. Decal, 1-3/8", Lion's Head, 60 to sheet, peel & stick $3,00 PP
11. Lapel Pin, Hat, etc, St. Louis, w/106th Logo (15 left) $3,00 PP
12. Lapel Pin, Hat or be or dress (raised Gold) in red & blue circle $3,00 PP
13. Lapel Pin, same as above - with bar and chain for tie tac. $4.00 PP
14. Scratch Pads, 5" x 8", (50 sheets) w/106th Logo, Battles, etc. $3.00 PP
15. Planner, Two Year, pocket size, w/106th logo (Nice) $3,00 PP
16. Windbreaker, lined, Blue w/106th 4" patch on left front XL and XXL $ 25,00 + 4.50 S&H
    17. T/Shirt, Jerzees w/ colored Artist Photo of 106th Logo and WWII Memorial on front Med, Large and Xtra Large $12.00 - 2X $14.00 - 3X $15.00 Plus $3.50 S&H each
18. Colored Artist Photo, 8x10 inch, suitable for framing $2.00 each PostPaid
    Your choice showing:_l. World War II Memorial 2_ 1 0 6 t h WWII locations, as detailed on Afghans. State your choice and how many you want. Order both at this low price,

Page: 7

New Members ...
16512 Thunderhead Cougar Ct Wi!wood, MO 63011-1853
Daughter-Durward Frampton 422/CN. See footnote below
240 S, REYNOLDS ST #408 ALEXANDRIA, VA 22394-4462
Daughter-Durward Frampton 422/CN
    Thanks to Durward (D B Frampton, Jr.) for these memberships, He appears on the "Honor Roll" in the early history of the Association.
    Durward, born in Pittsburgh attended Culver Military Academy where he completed four years Senior Infantry ROTC. When in his first year of Chemical Engineering at Cornell, war broke out and in 1942 he enlisted in the Infantry, He was on inactive status assigned to Culver for nine months. He was then assigned to the 106th at Atterbury. June 1944. He was Chief of Section of the Cannon Company, 422nd Infantry, Taken POW. After his return to the States he was sent to West Point as an Infantry Instructor and stayed there until discharged in December 1945. Thanks Durward for enlisting your whole family as 106th Infantry Division Association members, Looking forward to seeing you at Fort Mitchell,
J Kline, editor,
6818 North Avenue Middleton, WI 53562
    I was a member of 424/C from the time it was activated' It is a rather long story, but I was reached recently by John Kline, Editor of The CUB. He gave me the name and address of Peter Taddeo who I thought was killed in the Battle of the Bulge on 16 December. I have contacted Peter. We plan to get together this Summer' This has been the nicest thing that has happened to me in years. I ant so excited about the Association. I have given this information to another alumni, Ammon Kersteter of Gautier. MS.
8900 Boxwood Ln
Gautier, MS 39553
Pittsburgh' PA 39553
Tele: 228-497-6367
I was in the Weapons Platoon.
Tele: 205-970-4309
PD BOX 234
FLORENCE, NJ 08518-0234
Tele: 609-499-3471
    David, The papers I received did not have any message from you other than saying you were a historian. Welcome to the Association. Editor John Kline
Tele: 206-391-2607
4515 GRAHAM RD #113
22 W BRYAN ST #240
Tele: 912-236-1139
    My uncle, Carl Arthur Koski, was a corporal in Company A of the 424th Regiment of the 106th Infantry' He was originally part of the 332nd Engineers, but at some point was transferred to the 424th Infantry. He was discharged from

Page: 8

New Members .
    the 424th Infantry and his uniform bears the Golden Lions patch from the 106th. He had mentioned that he was in both the engineers and the infantry during the war. He landed the day after D-day (presumably with the Engineers), partici, pated in the Battle of the Bulge (where his leg was frozen), and apparently did get to Hitler's Bunker in Berchtesgaden.
Tele: 425-485-4839
    Dear Sherod, I was given your name by Chuck Rieck. I would like to become I would like to become an Associate members. My father, Eugene Paananen, 422/H was a member. He just passed
• away. He attended the 1993 Reunion and greatly enjoyed it.
    Alzheimer's and Parkinson's hit him hard in the 90's, so he did not attend another. I learned a lot from The CUB and would like to continue my education about the 106th Infantry Division.
Tele: 419-372-6891
12700 LAKE AVE #905
Tele: 216-228-0276
Email: brompOattnet
LITITZ, PA 17543
Tele: YES
Email: Jimimi282@GoNowMail, cam
    How I wish I had come across the "" website years ago when more members of the 106th Infantry Division had not yet gone to their ultimate "R&R" with the Creator who had mercifully spared them during the brutal, dark winter of 1944. One of my childhood heroes was one of them, a beloved, talented cousin.
    Pfc. Harold E Witmer, my 1. Cousin, was a member of Company E, 424th Infantry Regiment' After basic training, he was assigned to a searchlight section of a Coast Artillery Battalion.
    He applied for, and was accepted into the Army Air Corps Halfway through multi-engine flight training, the changing tides of war shot Harold became a ground-pounding. "Golden Lion" infantryman at Camp Atterbury. Indiana and shipped out to the ETO.
    He was critically wounded on 17 December. Allegedly when a shell hit a house in which he and several others were hunting a sniper. The building collapsed on him and he was given up for dead, but medics go him to a clearing station and he was shipped to Paris and eventually flown to the USA for treatment at the Ft.
Pickett. Virginia base hospital.
    After making good progress in recover, he suddenly lapsed into a coma and died on 12 March. 1945, the first out of over 3,000 patients to die there of wounds.
    We would deeply appreciate hearing from any members of his unit who may remember Harold_ and could give us details about how he received his wounds -their nature, and additional information about his service
    After active duty as a photographer with 82d Airborne Signal Company. 82d Airborne Division (1954-1956) I retired as 1st Sergeant from Company B, 103d Medical Battalion, 28th Infantry Division, Pennsylvania Army National Guard (1970-1992). Active duty with 82nd Airborne Signal Company 1954-1956. Ironically, for much of my career, our field medical clearing station had sup

Page: 9

New Members...
    ported the 112d' Infantry, who were tied in with the right flank of the 424th on the fateful morning of 16 December, 1944, and subsequently fought through the Bulge with them after becoming separated from their divisions. It is also spooky that during frequent annual training at Fort Pickett, I used to jog through the same grass grown asphalt streets where the huge base hospital had once stood , the very grounds where Harold died.
    My mother made some copies of the poem. I have become a serious student of WWII unit histories, and have read extensively about the Bulge. The sacrifices made during the dogged defensive stands of isolated, incredibly outgunned and outnumbered GIs of the 28. and 106th Infantry Divisions during the desperate days of the Bulge, equal those of the handful of fliers (less than a battalion) who held off the Luftwaffe in the aerial Battle of Britain and echo the inunortal words of Winston Churchill. "Never in the annals of human conflict, have so many owed so much to so few. God Bless you all, James Stauffer
605 NELS ADAMS ROAD DICKSON, TN 37055 Tele: 615-763-2168
Email: joeeileenw@mchsi'com
    My wife and I would like to start an Associate membership. My wife's father, George Kloberdanz recently died and if his memoriam is in this CUB we don't want to miss it.
Tele: 215-646-0262
For information on who we are and what we do, please contact us at
American Ex-Prisoners of War
3201 E. Pioneer Parkway, Suite 40, Arlington, TX 76010
Fone: (817) 649-2979 Fax: (817) 649-0109 email:
Are one of the 29,000 former prisoners of war who do not belong to AXPOW?
Disability Compensation
V. A. Claim Assistance
Medical Research
Monthly Bulletin
Washington Office
National Organization
Veterans & Families pow@flash'net

Page: 10

Mini-Reunions ....
Michigan - Nov 24, 2002
John M. Roberts (592/C) 1st Vice-Pres 1059 Alter Ftd, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304 248-388-2667Imr810@aol,com
    Our Mini-Reunion dinner was held at Meriweathcis Restaurant in Southfield, Michigan with 34 in attendance. In past years the dinner was held in Detroit, but due to the sudden death of former mini-reunion chainnan Russell Mayotte in September, I took over a chairman and found this restaurant'
    Sixty-four veterans were invited. We had 15 in attendance and 19 other guests which included our guest speaker, Major Steven Hall of the Tank & Automotive Command. It was my honor to accept a World War II Commemorative Flag from Major Hall on behalf of our Miehigan 106th Infantry Division veterans. This flag will be displayed at all future Michigan Mini-Reunions.
    We had an outstanding Mini-Reunion this year. Following this page, m a PREFACE to this year's 106th Infantry Division Association Mini-Reunion reports, is an unsolicited article written by Randy Talbot, Staff Historian of the U.S. Army Tank & Automotive Command in Warren, Michigan' Randy was in attendance and is the person who furnishes me with military speakers each year.
His article is being published in the U.S. Army Tank Command local newsletter.
He gave me permission to use it in wThe CUB."
    Men Standing IJR: Eugene Timm 423/D; Mario Angelo 423/1); Dr. Willard Keeber 424/G; John Plotowski 422/HQ 1Bn; Jack Roberts 592/C; Jack Gillespie 422/G; Dr' Jay Ice 424/SC; Wilbert Paquette DiN/ Arty Sitting UR: Charles Reeber 423/D; Harold Ortwine 592/C; Paul Wasylon 422/HQ; Francis Cook 422/H; Anthony Rand 589/B; Present, not in photo; Ellsworth Schanerberger 331 Med/D
    Ladies Standing UR: Jean Ice; Mary Lou Roberts; Lois Timm; Bea Keeber, Gloria Plotowsld Sitting UR: Audrey Ortwine; Shirley Gillespie; Jean Schutte; Ruthanna Cook,

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Mini-Reunions ....
Major Steven Wall, of TACOM's Brigade Combat Team presents
John M. ',lack- Roberts, "Michigan's Mini-Reunion Organizer," with the BCT Commander's Coin for Excellence.
Battle of the Bulge veterans honored
By Randy Talbot, TACOM Staff I I iNtorian
They are older now, much older than they ever thought they would become.
    Each year for the past fifty-eight years, the surviving members of the 106th Infantry Division's "Golden Lions" hold a mini-reunion with their brothers in arms. Every year, their ranks become smaller. This year, only fifteen of the more than fifty members in Michigan were able to attend. But like they have every year, they made it. The room for the reunion was small but comfortable. One veteran remarked that it was like having dinner in his den. And this year, they were in for a pleasant surprise.
    Maj. Steven T. Wall of the Brigade Combat Team, "eagerly" accepted "the honor of speaking" to these warriors of a day long gone. The task of talking to them, he said was both awesome and intimidating. The 106th 'a history he told them and "your lives, your actions, and your memories are my history." His introductory remarks concluded with a special tribute to those present. Wall told them that he had studied their lessons, and applied them to his troops in past assignments and in his current position.
    Then Maj. Wall presented them with a breath-taking overview of the Stryker program. He spoke about the capabilities of the U.S. Armed Forces new vehicle the "Stryker" (See Page 12). He explained how the fighting vehicle related to those vehicles the 106th used in WWII. You saw them in the Iraqi FREEDOM news.
    The 106th Vets were amused that the Stryker still used the same type of .50 caliber machine-gun used during the "Battle of the Bulge."

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Mini-Reunions ....
The STRYKER Fighting Vehicle
    Of particular interest to one old medic were the fuel capabilities of the vehicle and , wondered about the capacity to use alternate fuels. Others gave a noticeable sign of approval at the thought of having a heater in the vehicle. It sure beat riding in an open half-track or jeep that was customary during World War II. Many audibly gasped at the thought of the Mobile Gun System and its 105 nun canon. One mentioned that they sure could have used that in 1944!
    Some were amazed at the speed of the vehicle, which is twice that of the vehicles of their era. But the law-dropper" was the thought of arriving in the theater of operations across the ocean in ninety-six hours. They remembered the voyage they had when they departed for France so many years ago. For two weeks, they were huddled aboard a transport ship; lonely, seasick and with a lot of time to think about what awaited them once they arrived.
    As the evening concluded, Maj. Wall put up the last slide of his presentation. He was unable to read the words on the screen in front of this gathering, but they knew his meaning. Leaving them with words "that define the ties that bind," Wall honored those present and "everyone who wore your Lion, and everyone who has worn a uniform."
    "This story shall the good man tell his son, and this day shall ne'er go by, from now to the ending of the age. But we in it shall be remembered... We few... We very few... We Band of Brothers. For he who shed his blood with me today shall be my brother."
    Tears filled the eyes of all present; for buddies killed combat that could not be there this night; for loved ones and comrades that have lost their own personal battles through the years; for the memory of pain, wounds, captivity, escape, cold, hunger and rescue that each experienced and struggled with over the years. And some of t he stories will bring tears to your eyes.
    There were three former prisoners of war in attendance. Jack Gillespie was captured on December 16th. He was marched to a rail station, brought to Berlin and interrogated. He later was sent to Bavaria and marched to Czechoslovakia. He was imprisoned there until the Russian guns could be heard moving west. He then was marched back to Germany and placed in another prisoner of war camp. He was rescued by the British under Gen. Bernard Law Montgomery, and flown to northern Germany on "Monty's" private plane. He weighed less than 90 pounds when he was released. He still suffers from his captivity.

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Mini-Reunions .
    The reunion organizer, Jack Roberts was captured early on the morning of December 16 after his patrol was ambushed. He later escaped from the Germans. For five days, Jack and his team evaded capture, sometimes with other Americans who were caught behind the lines, at other times by themselves. They were without food, weapons and ammunition. They had only two things that they could rely on, each other and a desire to get back to their lines. In the confusion of unstable lines, mobile warfare and the "fog of war," they made their way back to the lines.
    It was there that he realized the extent of the battle on his Division. The German thrust into the Ardennes Forest pierced into their meager lines. The 106th Division was spread along a front of 22 miles. Having just arrived in country a week earlier, they were sent to a "quiet sector" of the front. This quiet sector is where the German army launched their attack with devastating ferocity on the 106th. Over 7,000 were missing in action; another 2,000 were wounded or died during the opening three days of the battle.
    In 1996, Jack was sent a photo from the German Archives. It was the other vehicle in his patrol that was ambushed. It brought the horror of this day and his captivity and escape back to him. It also brought the memories of those who lost their lives that morning with him.
    This brotherhood of the 106th extends beyond just the veterans who fought side by side in World War H. One widow still attends, twenty years after her husband passed away. At this reunion, one introduced himself as the son of a vet from the 106th and he was hoping to find out information about his father. Like all there, he promised to return as long as reunions were held. One old-timer brought his son, a former Marine, who had nothing but praise for these wonderful men and a look of pride as he stood by his father's side.
    As the evening closed, Maj. Wall presented each veteran and family member with Stryker coins. Jack Roberts was presented with The Brigade Combat Team's Program Managers Coin "for Excellence" for all his efforts to arrange this reunion after their chairman passed away. But before the evening ended, Maj. Wall had one last presentation to make for the members of the "Golden Lion" Division.
    Reaching into a briefcase, Maj. Wall pulled out a folded piece of blue material. As he carefully unfolded the World War II Commemorative flag, he presented it to the members of the 106th to fly at all their future reunions. Thunderous applause greeted this simple act of remembrance from one soldier to another.
    By their undying loyalty to each other, this real-life "Band of Brothers", is more than deserving of the words that surround the "ruptured duck" in the center of the flag, "A Grateful Nation Remembers."
    For the lineage, honors and combat history of the 106th Infantry Division, see http://www'army.rnil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/106id.htm.
To read about the organization of the Division, see documents/eto-ob/1061D-ETO.htm.
Other information on this division can be found through the official website of the 106th Infantry Division. •
    For further reading on the Battle of the Bulge see A Time for 7'nanpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge by Charles B. MacDonald; Battle: The Story of the Bulge by John Toland; The Bitter Woods: The Battle of the Bulge by John S. D. Eisenhower and The Ardennes: The Battle of the Bulge by Hugh M. Cole, http://

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Mini-Reunions ....
Southern California - Dec 14, 2002
Milton Weiner, 4241M, 28121 Ridgethome Ct, Rancho Palos Verdes. CA 90275 - 310-544-0470
    This was the Sixteenth Annual Southern California Bulge Commemorative Event. As usual we started by reading Dale Carver's "My First Reunion." This will always be appropriate at any and all reunions. Twenty-one attended including six sons of 106th members' Everyone introduced themselves' The 106th veterans gave a brief summary of their experience during that "Winter Long Ago." The 2003 event will be December 14, 2003 at 1:00PM. Please write of call to be added to the mailing list. My telephone and address appear above'

    Above: clockwise from left: Milton Weiner 424/M; Larry Heider; Douglas Rand; Bernard Weiner, Eric Vanderhorst 423/F; Frieda Vanderhorst; Leo Krueser 81stIMed; Aki Yamazaki; James Yamazaki 590/MED; Ted Litvin; Joseph Litvin 423/D;
    Below: Start with the lady on the left, above the gentleman's white hair; Bella Weiner; Dave Fournier; Greg Drumm; Dienta Wente; Chic Wente 423/1; Jeanette Josephs; Mary Lou Marsh; Randy Marsh; Carol Casey and Sheenan Casey'


Northern California - Dec 16, 2002
    Col. T.M. Barrick, Col'/T'M'907 Bonnie Ridge Way, Saratoga, CA 95070 Tele: 40.367-3161 The Northern California contingent of the 106th Infantry Division Association met on December 16 2002 in the Milan Room of the Embassy Suites, Milpitas, California. This location more southerly encouraged eight peneouragedome from Fresno, Porterville, Watsonville and Santa Cruz for their first time. They thorougtime'njoyed meeting everyone. Twenty-teveryone' twenty-six who signed up were present for roll-call, despite one of the worst storms California has seen in years. After seating a moment of silence was observed for those no longer with us. Notes were reaus'rom those that could not attend and who wished us a pleasant reunion.
    Clearly, the younger generation - three daughters, one granddaughter, one son and the husband of one daughter were genuinely interested in the events of the Battle of the Bulge in which their relatives had served.
    Seated: Seeber Bullock Ladies: l/r: Debbi Vanatta, Allison Van Zant Aldrich; Noel Vanatta; Reddie Prewett; Barbara Brendlinger; Elaine Epling; Helena Meltensen; Shirley Gregory; Donna Mae Murphy; Heather Bullock. Men: Ur: Rian Aldrich; Clarence Meltensen; Norvell Conner, Robert Bredlinger, Mac Barrick; Ed Dunn; John Gregory; John Stauff; Ed Prewett and Mike Thome.
Thanks to my wife Jean Barrick for the photography.
    Below: Ur Honored Guests - Past-Presidents 106th Infantry Division Association and holders of the Order of the Golden Lion for services rendered to the Association, after wartime, John Gregory, 19992000; Mike Thome, 1991-92; Ed Prewett, 1993-94

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Mini-Reunions ...
Mini-Reunions .

Mesa, Arizona - Dec 2002
Dean Childs, 106 Signal, 245 South 56th St. Sp 75, Mesa AZ 85206 -602-98,3687 elede300011.1111t
    Plans were hying to be made to meet togethergroup'the Bulge group. The majority of the 106th Vets wanted to meet together as we had in other years. Since we had done it back in 1989, Eleanor and I decided to group'eform the group. Eleven veterans stated they wouagain'e to meet again. We did, with the groupphotos'e in the photos. We had a speaker, Sergeant Chris Gant. We all had a good time matting and will try again next year. Dean Childs.
Men UR Front Row: Tom Bugner, 590/B; Toby Anderson. 106 Sig424/F'im Stamm, 424/F.
    Standing UR: Richard Behr, 423/SV; Sergeant Chris Gant (Speaker) and DSignal'lds, 106 Signal. Ladies - Below UR: Eleanor Childs; Sergeant Chris Gant; BAnderson'nd Amy Anderson.

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Mini-Reunions ...
Nebraska-Western Iowa - Dec 16, 2002
Dean & Della Sandahl, 3041 N 61st Street, Lincoln, NE 68507 402-466-3546 aandydandslAunsism
    We met on, Monday 16 December 2002 at 11 AM at the USA SteakIBuffet in Lincoln. A moment of silence in respect to our buddies and/or spouses who have departed. A delicious buffet dinner with lots of visiting and reminiscing. Neighbors if you read this please come and join as on Tuesday December 16. 2003 at 11 AM. Three couples were not able to be with us because of illness.
    Each veteran told where and what he was doing 58 years ago on this date. Eaeh had their "own" story , as they remembered it! Very Interesting!
    L/R Leonard//Evelyn Ty, ser 423/1, Wilber NE; Harold/Lorraine Hawkins 423/1J, Omaha; Charles/Jane Henning 424/B, Peru; Eugene/Marcy Kuhn 106 MP, Columbus and their daughter Mrs' Jeanne Luker, On the far right, Dean/Della Sandahl (Hosts) 4rJ13, Lincoln
Washington, The State of - Dec 19, 2002
    Myrton Dickerson 424/D, 2500 South 370th St, Federal Way, WA 98003 253-661-9325 Top Row L/R: Alvin and Dorothy Powers 422/HQ; Charles and Betty Coorigan 591/SV Bottom Row L/R: Myrton and Beatrice Dickerson 424/D; Ray Johnston 423/H
    Our meeting was held on 19 December 2002 at the Falls Terrace Restaurant in Tumwater, WA in conjunction with the Christmas Town Chapter of the American EX-POWs. There were about 32 members attending. We all had a good time and enjoyed the Falls. just outside the room we were in. Our group "Washington/Oregon" is getting smaller by the year due to illne.sses and travel'

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Mini-Reunions . .
New Mexico Dec 14, 2002
Dr. Ralph
422/Cannon, 1 Acoma Lane, Los Alamos, NM 87544, 505-622-9787
    The New Mexico contingent of the 11}6111 Infantry Division Association, held their annual Mini-Reunion in Albuquerque, New Mexico on December 14. 2002' Three veterans and four guests were present. A very good time was enjoyed by all attending, socializing and remembering'
Veterans above Dr. Ralph Nelson, 422 Cannon, Los Alomos NM; Robert Soladay, 422 Serviee
Albuqucapie NM; Walter Peters, 331st Medical Battalion, Co B Albuquerque NM
    Ladle, below: Ur Christine Nelson Lee daughter of Ralph Nelson; Margaret Velasques widow of Armando, 424/K; HeleA Peters and Beverley Soladay.
k. Lt
('I'13 of die Goldenk,ion
Mini-Reunions ....
Long Island, NY - Nov 11, 2002
Ephriam Goldberg, 555 Franklin Blvd., Long Beach, NY 516-432-7136 Email:
We had a Mini-Reunion on Long Island on Memorial Day, Sunday, November II, 2002. It was hosted by Ed Goldberg'
    Men Front Row lir: Eugene Powell; Ed Goldberg; John Rosalia; Jacques Bloch; Sal Grasso Standing: Al Sussman; Iry Schram; Julius Brandi; Charles Johansen; Charles Condike; Sol Kravitz; Charles Kortlang; Carlos Weber, Eugene Powell; John Stannack
Women Front Row: Jennie Guadagno; Add Johansen; Neva Powell and Jean Bloch
    Standing: Ann Kravitz; Rhoda &from; Lynda Sussman; Grace Stannack; Rosemary Rosalia Ditto; Natalie Goldberg; Barbara Guadagno; Gerry Brandi and Mary Grasso
• ••

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Mini-Reunions ....
• Maryland, D.C. and Virginia - Dec 12, 2002
John Schaffner, 589/A, 1811 Miller Rd, Cockeysville, MD 21030 - 410-584-2754
    The Mini-Reunion covering Md.. Va., & D'C. area was held 12 December 2002 at the Club Meade at Ft. G'G' Meade, Md in observance of the anniversary of The Battle of the Bulge'
    The room was set for a buffet luncheon with a choice of fish, fowl and meat, along with the usual very nice selection that the Club offers at their regular buffet, including beverages and desert.
    The Guest speaker was Mr. Robert Mullauer, well known military historian and speaker. Bob's subject was "The Battle of the Bulge - The German Generals" which was very well received. We heard many compliments about the affair.
Al., present was Kay (Loveless) Kemp (Associate) and her husband Ray and son Tom.
    'they brought several personal items from the POW experience of Kay's father, John T' Loveless, Jr' 422/HQ, who was held at Stalag1X-B after his capture. We had a head count of 46 not bad considering the weather.
    The Men: Richard W' Tennant 422/K; Philip A. Hannon 8Ist Eng/A; John R. Schaffner 589/A; Alan W' Jones Jr' 423/HQ lBn; Edward McGinty 589/C; Grayson Bishop 424/L; John F' Gatens 589/A; Clark W. Dovell 422/M; Donald Regier 422/SV and Earle L. Valenstein 81st Eng/B (missing from photo)
'Ile Ladies; Seated; Lynn Jones; Catherine Regier; Kay Kemp; Bettie Tennant
    Standing: Gerlinde Yeater, Lillian Schaffner, Thelma P. Dovell; Mary Vandermast; Jean Hannon; Norman Asendorf. Hiding in the back: Gina Houghton; Barbara Schaffner; Jean Buchanan

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Mini-Reunions .
Atlanta, GA - Dec 8, 2002
Sherod Collins, 423/SV, 448 Monroe Trace, Kennesaw, GA 30144, 770-928-3207
    On Saturday December 8, 2002, twenty-three members and their guests gathered at the Steak & Ale Restaurant near Northlake Mall, Atlanta, GA to enjoy the festive fellowship of the season as well ms the good food and the atmosphere furnished by the restaurant. The group seemed to especially enjoy each other this year'
    Shown are Earnest Earls, Carl Canup, Morris Piha, Lee Darby, Bob Howell, Bill Jenkins, Doug Coffey and Sherod Collins'
    Ladies attending were: Isabella Coffey; Martha Brocato; Louise Howell; Frankie Burkes; Sarah Piha; Sue Cutup; April White; Elaine Darby; Jean Shirley; Mary Ruth Kinsey; Cathy White and Peggy Kelly

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Mini-Reunions ....
Oklahoma Area - Dec 16, 2002
Clint McClure 423/HQ - 8607E 77th Place Tulsa, OK 74133-3710 818-252-7777
    The area members and their wives attended a noon luncheon at the Fountain Restaurant in Tulsa, OK, on 16 December 2002. This event is looked forward to, each year'
Men Ur: Don Herndon, Oklahoma City, 424/L; Lyle Russell, Ochelata, 422/I; Clint McClure, 423/HQ;
Howard Bryant, Coweta, 424/F; David Deffenbaugh, Claremore, 423/D; Leland Turley, Tulsa, 423/H
Ladies Ur: Standing - Joan Herndon; Betty Bryant; Anita Turley and Peggy McClure Seated: Pauline Russell

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Mini-Reunions . . .

South Carolina - North Carolina - Nov 30, 2002
Wald and Vannie Toy, 422/K - 4805 Wads Sheet, Columbia, S.C. 29210 Tele: 803-772--0132
    On November 30, 2002 thirty four (34) members, wives and special guests, from the South Carolina/ North Carolina area, met at the Jaekson, Club, Fort Jackson, South Carolina, for their Annual Luncheon and Mini-reunion. The group noted the absence of Reverend Ewell C. Black, Jr., a regular attendee, who has now relocated to the Atlanta, Georgia area.
    Allison Toy Lee served as the Mistress of Ceremony. The normal protocol for the reunobserved'nued to be observed. Marcia Layton Hempy, from the VA Regional Office presented up to dveterans'mation for veterans. Two of the special guestentertainmentsical entertaintnent including an old fashion sing-along, which was thoroughly enjoyed by the group. The hosts continued their tradition of presenting door prizes and giattendance'those in attendance. It was perceived as beioccasion' enjoyable occasion.
Men, front Row Ur: Frank Frierson; Charles Bethea; Scott Westbrook; Howard Terrio
    Men, Second Row Ur: Joseph Frierson; Ed Terrio; Waid Toy; John CooTueker;v. J. Howard Tucker; Sam Schiavo Men, Third Row Ur: Hibbs Lydick; Claude Young; Wayne Lee; Calvin AbbJr'; Howard Tucker, Jr. Ladies Front Row Ur: Mildred Lydick; Laurau Bradshaw; Vannie Toy; Hazel Cooper Ladies Second Row Ur: Mildred Frierson; Lucille Williams; Eleanor Coffey; Luvelle Terri(); Barbara Sharpe; Guteen Schiavo Ladies Third Row Ur: Carolyn Abbott, Janice Beathea; Sarah Bradshaw; Allison Lee; Shelvia Westbrook; Ruth Terrio Absent frpeople'photo: Three people.

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Mini-Reunions ....
Alabama - Dec 14, 2002
Walter Bridges, 424/D 225 Laird Street, Hueytown, AL 35023 295-491-3409
    Seated I Jlt: Barbara Bridges; Hazel Massey; Frances Lacey; Norma Temple; Lee Gilliland and Janet Szofran Bad; Row UR: Walter Bridges,- John Racster; Joe Masser Davie Lacey; Lawrence Williams; John Gilliland (Past-President 106th Infantzy Division Association ( 1990-91); Will Temple and Dr. Frank Szofran.
    The George S' Patton, Jr (Alabama Chapter) Veterans of the Battle of the Bulge held its annual commemorative luncheon on December 14, 2002. As its honored guests. were members of the 106th Infantry Division Association, shown above and speaker Dr Frank Szofran with wife Janet. Approximately 121 VBOB members and guests were treated to a tasty luncheon.
    Our speaker was Dr. Frank Szofran of NASA Marshall Space Center - Huntsville, Alabama. He is a principal investigator for microgravity experiments for NASA' He used slides to show some of the current and potential developments that this technology is producing. He showed how the experiments are performed using the Space Station and Shuttle resulting in impressive results: better metals, crystals and matter' Dr' Szofran also traced some of the important scientific developments of the past century and how long their incubation period took before they became a practical and workable item'
• 4.
Kansas - Oct 27, 2002
Bill Stahl 422/K 110E 8th Street, Junction City, KS 55441 785-238-2861
    The 8th annual gathering of the group at the CoyoteTopeka', Topeka. A Buffet, featuring Steak. A good tin w was had by all. Our group is down to less than 20 members total.
    Back: lir. John Mock 422/1; Jake Underwood 590/A; Martin Jones 423/G; Tom Ballowe 423/K and Bill Stahl 422/K. Front 1/r: Mary Mock; Phyllis Jones; Mary Louise Ballowe; Juaniya McCall wife of Theodore (Bud) McCall, 8lst Eng/A Photo by Mary Lou Stahl.

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Mini-Reunions ...
Wisconsin - Dec 2002
Robert C, Homan 424/D 1614 Holly Drive Janesville, WI 53646 608-752-6525
    The Janesville, Wisconsin meeting was held in conjunction with The Veteran's of the Battle of the Bulge" as we have done in the past. In total there were about 70 veterans in attendance at a breakfast held at the Elk's Club, Janesville, Wisconsin. Judge James S. Daley, Brigadier General, National Guard and Vietnam veteran was the guest speaker.
    Bob also included long "landscape" photo of the whole crowd of BOB/106th Veterans 70 in all. Along with that he included a $50'00 personal check to the Memorial Fund of the 106th Infantry Division Association'
Thanks Bob, appreciated the great photos. Do a little recruiting on those "non-members."
    Men front row: 1/r Harry Lasen 423/K (*); Kenneth Arndt 592nd PAW; Henry Thtuner 589th FAB/ HQ and Peter Dibemardo 424//? (*) Men back row: Victor Fuchs 591st FAI3/HQ; Albert Kath 422/ AT; Robert Homan 424/D; Harry McSorley 422/D; Robert Gospa 106th Inf Div. (*); Harold Joe Broderick 422/G expressed his regrets for not being able to attend' editor's note: the "(*)" indicates no name match on the Association roster'
    Ladies front row: Mrs' Henry Thurner; Mrs' Albert 1Cath; Mrs Harry McSorley; Friend and Vic Fuchs Ladies back row: Mrs. Robert Homan; Mrs. Karl Ronnetberg (Kenneth Arndt) Mrs' Robert Gospa

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Mini-Reunions ...
New Jersey - Dec 18 2002
Harry Martin, Jr. 424/L 121 McGregor Ave. Mount Arlington, NJ 07856 973-663-2410
The New Jersey Reunion was held on 18 December 2002 at the Picatinny Arsenal.
    We had 32 members from the 106th in attendance. In addition there were 26 members of The Battle of the Bitlge organization.
    Dr. Myron Swack 422/HQ 1Bn presented a new video about Prisoners of War The Forgotten Heroes." Dr' Swack appears in the video and it will be shown in the near future on The History Channel. I highly recommend viewing the the documentary.
    Many of our members suggested that the "mini-Reunion" be held more than once a year. We are now planning a mid year reunion so those that go South in the Winter will be able to attend'
    First Row lin Newton Parker, Steve Osciak; Henry Krajewski 424/L; Dr. Myron Swack 422/HQ lBn; Alvin Sussman 424/HQ 2Bn; JOseph DeSantis 422/HQ 1Bn: Geroge Call 424/B' Harry Martin 424/L
    Second Row lir: Dr' DuncanTrueman 424/AT; John DiMeglio 424/1; Glen Lockenvitz 106 Recon; Paul Werkmeister 422/Med; John Gatens 589/A; Salvatore Scatzo 422/Med; Ralph Richter 331Med/ D; Gerry Mount; NeWton Weiss 423/HQ 3Bn; Kenneth Schuetz DIV/Hq; William Blaher 422/1
Keep the Spirit Going
Support your local
Contact Harry Martin - see address above
if you want to sponsor
A Mini-Reunion in your area

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Mini-Reunions ....
Pennsylvania - Dec 6, 2002
John J. Gallagher, 81st /ENG/C, 4003 Francis Street, Temple, PA 19560 Tele: 610-929-2887
    We met at our usual meeting place, "The Dutch Colony Motor Inn" Reading, Pennsylvania. We had snow the day before whieh made it difficult for some to attend. Several were ill.
    We had a very enjoyable program. A wine toast, Pledge to the Flag, The National Anthem, an Invocation and a "Happy Birthday" to all with a birthday coming up in 2003.
    We had Fish and Ham "No Spam or S.O.S." Dessert, Coffee, Tea, an Army Break, Picture Taking and "Opportunities Open Doors of Life'
    We had Prayers in closing: Father Cavanaugh's Christmas Eve 1944 Prayer to the 106th POWs in a German Box-car and Prayer of James A' Clark, Chaplain VBOB' Silent Night Holy Night was also sung' Our local State Senator Mike 0' Pake provided as with a certificate of appreciation for Service in the B'O'B which I presented to Wanda Fava honoring her deceased husband Roy'
The next Mini-Reunion December 5th 2003 at 'The Dutch Colony Motor Inn..
    Men's photo 1/r: Charles Datte; Jack MeDevitt; Vince Sziber; Fred Carr, Joe Tarantino; Joe Yorkavitch; Daniel Eisenhard; John Gallagher
    Ladies photo Ur: Wanda Fava; Nancy Datte; Muriel Silber, Stella Gallagher; Anne McDevitt; Connie Tarantino and Betty Carr

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Mini-Reunions .
Alton, Illinois - St Louis, MO - Dec 17, 2002
Marion Ray, 4241D, 704 Briarwood Drive' Bethalto, IL 62010 618477-3674 Email:
    December 17, 2002. The Banquet Hall' in Wood River, IL the location, for the annual December Mini-Reunion of the "Golden lions," 106th Combat Infantry Division'
    Eleven 106th Division Association members, one Associate member along with their ladies gathered to hear a guest speaker and enjoy renewing friendships. Kenneth V. Bryan 423/HQ 1 Bn, presently State Commander, American E.r-Prisoners of War, was the speaker.
A good time was had by all. Thank you for attending!
    Men, Front row, Ur: Emil Perko 422/H; Victor D. Bauswell 422/B; Paul V' Boschert 590/HQ; Jack Rain 590013; Victor W' Breite 422/1 and Kenneth V. Bryan 423/HQ 1Bn
    Men, Back Row Fr: Marion Ray 424/1); Donals M. Hinrichs 81 Eng/C; Carl Goering Associate; Gilbert DeGerlia 422/HQ; William Kronmueller 423/E and Geroge Foster 423/HQ 2Bn
    Ladies, front row, Ur: LaDon Adams; Pat Hinriehs' Fran Ray; Avis Breite and Margary Bryan Ladies, back row, lir. Betty Rain; Emma Jane Boschert; Barbara Foster, Jean Perko; Debbie Bryan Hensley; Sharon Perko-Davis and Nelda Basuwell.

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Mini-Reunions ...
Bradenton - Sarasota, Florida - Dec 17, 2002
Ray Tvardzik, 106 Signal, 5518 Garden Lakes Oak, Bradenton, FL 34203 Phone: 941-7564440
    The Sarasota/Manatee area mini-reunion was held at Forest Lakes Country Club, in Sarasota, Florida. Thirty-eight were present. Each "106er" was asked to give a short presentation naming his "Company," Pow Camps (if any) and any important events during his tour with the 106th Infantry Division'
    Many exceeded their one minute time allotment. Letter from Joe Fischer, 81st Eng/A and Sam Tenbrink, 422/H, who could not attend, were read. Everyone enjoyed the presentations. ' Men first row Fr: Bill Mangold, Ray Twardzik; Charles Fehnel; Boris Stern; Jim Cram; Herb
Friedman. Second row l/r: Rocco Sergi; Bob Snovel; Gener Saucennan; Bob Fisher, Ken Smith; Muse) Kelso
    Third row, I/r: Les Helmich; Jim Edwards; Don Scholten; Ed Creel; Dick Brokaw; Sid Auerbach; Milt Cram and Virgil Collins.
    Ladies first row, Fr: Nellye Friedman; Laverne Sergi; Pauline Fehnel; Sally'Saucerman; Isabel Twardzik; Jody Brokaw; Margery Stem and Lad Snovel Second row I/r: Mary Kelso; Mary Ann Scholten; Jill Auerbach and Carol Cram.

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Mini-Reunions ...
. Madison, WI - Oct 19, 2002
Charles Mock, 424/11, 7316 Voss Parkway' Middleton, WI 53562 608-831-6110
    The Wisconsin 13th Annual Commerative Meeting of The Battle of the Bulge was held al CT's East, In Madison, Wisconsin. We had 28 people in attendance and they were:
    Mr/Mrs James Tetzlaff; Mr/Mrs Howard Jones; Mr/Mrs Jerome Miller, Mr/Mrs Edward Nafle; Mr/Mrs Henry Wittenberg; Mr/Mrs Raymond Kurth; Mr/Mrs Al Kath; Mr Pete DiBenardo; Ms Nina Spence; Mrs Virginia Post; Mr David Post; Mr/Mrs Victor Fdchs; Mr Walter Donaldson; Mr Edward Wojahn; Mr Donald Handel; Mr Mike Cunningham; Mr Ralph Moore; Mr' Mel Martin; Mr Charles Rieck
    The getup spent time in sociability in lieu of a program. David Post was the photographer' By group action the 2003 meeting will be held on October 16, 2003 at CH's East in Madison, Wisconsin

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Mini-Reunions ....
Pittsburgh, PA - 2002
Joseph P' Maloney, 1120 Warren Avenue, Arnold, PA 25068724435-6104 meloneyesalegiver.som
    The 25 attendees were treated to a report of how the 331st Medics faired at Saint Vith' Jim Wiggins, 331/MED gave the report. It was a great story of how they were able to continue their mission despite having to stay one step ahead of the Germans.
He told of how they came into possesion of a 6X6 left by one of the units.
    Dr' John Robb, 422/D spoke about the POW Memorial planned by the 106th Infantry Division Association at Andersonville. Doc also read the poem In Flander's Field' Ed Huminiski read us a poem on the war. Many door prizes were given as a 50/ 50 was drawn.
Those attending:
    Men l/r: Francis Langham 44/L; Al Yelochan 422/HQ; Ed Huminski 424/F; Frank Lapato 422/HQ; Jim Wiggins 331 Med; Bob Mattiko 424/E; Zane Donaldson 590/B; Howard Lowenberg 423/E; Dr' John Robb 422/D; Richard Rigatti 423/B;
Pete Yanchik, 423/A and Joe Maloney, (Host) 422/HQ
    Ladies l/r: Jean Langham; Dorothy Uhl (guest); Betty Huminski; Dorothy Lowenberg; Janice Donaldson; Diane Yanchik; Marilyn Robb; Pat Rigatti; Vivian Maloney (Hostess) and Calres Rhodes (Guest)
Keep the Spirit Going
Support your local

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Mini-Reunions .
Dallas/Fort Worth, TX - March 13, 2003
Lie John W.1111er (US Ret) 423/E 1511 ChochiN Drive, Arlington, TX 76012 817-274-2773
Our Mini-Reunion held on March 13, 2003 at the Italian Villa restaurant, Arlington Texas
    IJR: John W. Miller and Jean Miller; Ted Jones; Hugh Colbert; Dan Rhoades; John and Rurh Morrison; Don Houseman; William and Ruth Yingst' Ted Jones will sponsor the next Mini-Reunion in 2004'
Fort Myers, Florida - April 23, 2003 Special Mini-Micro Reunion
Ray Twardzik, 106 SO1645518 Garden Lakes Oak, Bradenton. FL 34203 Phone: 941-756-1440
I leld at "Fridays' in Fort Meyers I 06ili Signal Company vets.
L/R: Dennis O'Brien, Lenny Kreniizky, Ralph Perri and Ray Twardzik. Old buddies together again.

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E ...
    Preface: Charles Guggenheim's 4241E death was announced in the Oct-Nov-Dec CUR Magazine' The following pages are a tribute to this great man. A comrade and a great gentleman' We will miss you Charles'
    Story and photos were furnished to me by and are used with the permission of Tim Fisher/1.H Lapinski, Fisher Company '
.1 Kline, editor
Charles Guggenheim 424/E on location in Eastern Germany during the Berga filming,
photo by Grace Guggenheim
Writer/ Director/ Narrator
    Charles Guggenheim, a Washington, D.C.-based filmmaker, achieved an international reputation in the area of documentary films. Described by The Saturday RevieWs film critic Hollis Alpert as "probably the most accomplished maker of documentary films in the country," Guggenheim won top awards in every major international film competition.
    Producing films for television and theatrical release, Guggenheim received the George Foster Peabody Award in broadcasting, 12 Academy Award nominations, and four Academy Awards. The Venice Film Festival's XI Gold Mercury Award for his Monument to the Dream marked the first time in the Festival's history that the award was given to an American.
    The first of Guggenheim's four Academy Awards was received for Nine from Little Rock, which chronicles the Arkansas school integration crisis and the changes wrought in subsequent years. RFK Remembered, a film biography of Robert F, Kennedy that captures the late Senator's life and puts his death into perspective, received the second Academy Award. The third Award went to The Johnstown Flood, a film commemorating the 100th

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E ..'
    anniversary of the famous disaster' Guggenheim's most recent Academy Award was received in 1995 for A Time For Justice, the story of the Civil Rights Movement.
Guggenheim was commissioned by three of this country's presidential libraries to
produce their films. The film biographies of Presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B.
    4, • Johnson and Harry S Truman are on permanent exhibition in Boston, Massachusetts; Austin, Texas; and Independence, Missouri, respectively.
    Recent Guggenheim productions include Journey to America, documenting the journey of immigrants to America through Ellis Island between 1890 and 1920, for PBS. Island of Hope, Island of Tears, on which Journey was based, is on permanent exhibition at Ellis Island in New York City.
    Other films include D-Day Remembered, an Academy Award nominee in 1995, commemorating the invasion of France by the Allied armies and the liberation of Europe. produced for both PBS and The National D-Day Museum in New Orleans; Clear Pictures, a film biography of the American novelist Reynolds Price; the 1996 Academy Award nominee Shadow of Hate, a history of intolerance in America; and the 1999 Academy Award nominated film A Place in the Land, the story of three seminal American conservationists. Last year, Guggenheim released The Art of Norton Simon for the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena and The First Freedom for The Freedom Forum in Washington, DC.
    Mr. Guggenheim had been a guest lecturer at Harvard's Loeb Fellowship in Advanced Environmental Studies, as well as a fellow at both Harvard and Yale. He was a member of the faculty at Harvard's Salzburg (Austria) Seminar in American Studies and received honorary doctorate degrees from Washington University in St. Louis and The American University in Washington, D.C. He was a trustee of the Danforth Foundation and the White House Historical Association, and was president of the Foundation for the National Archives,
    Grace Guggenheim has been a producer and executive producer with Guggenheim Productions, Inc. for the past 17 years. Ms. Guggenheim has produced over 20 documentaries for both television and theatrical release. Many of these films are in permanent exhibition at museums around the country and have involved intensive archival research utilizing both private and public resources throughout the U,S. and abroad.
    Her credits include: producer of Harry S. Truman 1884-1972, a film biography of President Truman which shows at the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library in Independence, Missouri; executive producer of the Academy Award nominated A Place in the Land, for the Woodstock Foundation in Vermont; executive producer of the Academy Award Nominated D-Day Remembered, for the National D-Day Museum in New Orleans and PBS; and senior producer of The Johnstown Flood (1989 Academy Award for Best Documentary), which was also broadcast on The American Experience,
    Other credits include Clear Pictures, a biography of the novelist Reynolds Price; LBJ: A Remembrance, the story of Lyndon Johnson; and A Life: The Story of Lady Bird Johnson, a film biography on the former first lady.

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E ..
Executive Producer for ThirteenIWNET New York Director of News and Public Affairs, Thirteen/WNET
    Stephen Segaller is an author and producer specializing in journalism, media and technology. At Thirteen/WNET New York, he is responsible for overseeing and developing all the news and public affairs output of the station, including weekly news magazines such as Religion and Ethics Newsweekly, documentary series such as Local News, Allies at War, Red Gold: The Epic Story of Blood, and United Nations: Center of the Storm: the continuing output of Fred Friendly Seminars; and documentary specials such as multiple award-winning Srebrenica - A Cry From The Grave and Sound and Fury, In July 2002, he launched the primetime international documentary series, Wide Angle,
    Prior to his arrival at Thirteen, Mr. Segaller was director of national and international production for Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB), where he produced Nerds 2.0.1, A Brief History of the Internet, and two other series featuring writer Bob Cringely: Triumph of the Nerds and Plane Crazy. For OPB, Mr. Segaller also served as executive producer of Eyewitness, Running Out of Time, A Question of Genes, and The Machines That Won the War,
    Mr. Segaller has spent over 20 years as a television producer working chiefly in journalism, current affairs and documentaries, His work in England includes current affairs television for London Weekend Television and Granada Television, and numerous documentaries and series for Channel 4. In 1992 he was awarded the prestigious William Benton fellowship in Broadcast Journalism, and spent an academic year at the University of Chicago, graduating with a Master's Degree in international relations.
    His U.S. public television credits include the 1996 Emmy-winning documentary Return to the Lion's Den: Terry Anderson Retums to Lebanon: Triumph of the Nerds, for which he served as series producer; Rain of Ruin: The Bombing of Nagasaki; and episodes of the 1992 series Columbus and the Age of Discovery. In 2000, Srebrenica - A Cry From The Grave won the Rockie Award for Best History or Biography Program, Grand Prize at the Banff Television Festival, and the Amnesty International Media Award for television documentary.
    He is the author of three books: Invisible Armies: Terrorism into the 1990s (London, 1986) - described by one reviewer as "the most authoritative study of its kind"; Wisdom of the Dream: The World of C.G. Jung (London and Boston, 1989; republished New York, 2000); and Nerds 2,0,1: A Brief History of the Internet (New York, 1998). The latter was republished in an updated edition in 1999, and was described by Thomas Friedman of The New York Times as "the best book in its field."
    He is a member of the Radio & Television News Directors' Association, BAFTA East Coast (board member), the New York and U.S.A. Triathlon Associations and The Groucho Club.

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E ..'
Bo o k Excerpt
    In April 2001, then New York Times Berlin correspondent Roger Cohen visited the eastern German location where filming of Charles Guggenheim's BERGA: SOLDIERS OF ANOTHER WAR was taking place' Cohen, well versed with Holocaust history, was captivated and inspired by this untold story of American GIs taken prisoner during the Battle of the Bulge and then shipped off to a slave labor camp in the small rural town of Berga. He is currently writing the book, "Soldiers of Another War," to be published by Knopf later this year, which will include a chapter on Guggenheim's personal story as it relates to the film. Roger Cohen is currently the foreign editor at The New York Times.
Following Is an excerpt:
    Before Germany was unified in 1990, the men of Berga, a small town on the Elster River in the eastern part of Germany, worked in nearby uranium mines that provide raw material for the Soviet nuclear industry. The women worked for the textile plant. Three shifts a day kept the people busy around the clock' But both industries, deprived of their markets, collapsed soon after unification, leaving a pall of gloom that the promise of capitalism has scarcely penetrated. The older people here, like these women, lived under a dictatorship, Nazi or Communist, from Hitler's rise to power in 1933 to the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989' The habits of mind of more than a half-century are not easily overcome'
    For four or five old women who gather on a bench in the main squarekof,Berga whenever the sun shines, the story of the town is principally that of the presence of work or its absence. Now many people are idle. But there used to be jobs in town, even before the war, when the textile factory was in private hands and more thrin" 1,000 people worked there. At the time, the textile business belonged to a family named Englander, Jews,1the women note in passing -- who disappeared from Berga around the time of World War II'
    At first Hitler's war consisted principally of the inebriation of victory, but then came the slow encroachment of a defeat never admitted by the Fuhrer' "Victory or Siberia" said some of the last slogans: desperate bravado. It was in this latter phase, in the final spasm of Nazi rule, as things fell apart, that the war visited Berga in a particular way, one that would mark these women who were witnesses.
    The first indication of unusual stirrings came with the arrival in the late summer of 1944 of SS administrative staff led by SS Lt. Willy Hack, who requisitioned the central Ratskeller Hotel as headquarters. Engineers, mining experts and land surveyors came to Berga, too, inspecting the hills on the far side of the Elster, their topography, their rock formation, their potential to conceal a production facility in a planned underground complex of tunnels and chambeis.
    Such a flurry of activity had been unknown in the town before then; naturally it aroused curiosity. But asking questions -- the old women sighed -- was dangerous. The notorious Buchenwald camp was less than 60 miles away; it was easy enough to end up there' Still, in so intimate a town, it was impossible to overlook the construction of a concentration camp, on the site of part of the textile factory, between the Elster River and its tributary, the Muhlgraben.
    The first prisoners arrived in Berga on November 12, 1944, pitiful, emaciated creatures in striped pajama-like uniforms, their faces hollow, eyes haunted, movements halting. Most of them were Jews who had been dispatched from Buchenwald. Still, the appearance of these frail figures, aged between 13 and 60, more dead than alive, was
    shocking' Some 'of the prisoners stuck newspapers in their pants to keep warm; others put papers around their necks. As a stave labor force, brought to Berga to dig tunnels into the hills, these men left much to be desired. Still, their number grew to over 1,000 inmates by the end of 1944.

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E ...
, In the vast complex of the Nazi camps, the great sprawling labyrinth of
detention and death, mayhem
and murder, Berga, code name "Schwalbe 5,"
amounted to a detail. It was dwarfed by the Buchenwald camp alone, which held 84,500 prisoners at its
    Weimar complex by the fall of 1944. The Berga camp did not appear on most World War II maps, its activities were secret and its existence little known. After the war, Berga was subsumed into the Soviet-controlled part of Germany; nobody asked too many questions about its ephemeral little hell. But the camp lived on in these old women's minds, a
    discomfiting memory shoved aside, awakened only occasionally, perhaps by a wartime photograph of a lighted swastika in the main square flowing among trees heavy with snow.
    A memory, as these women like to describe it now, of helplessness. "Mann muss mit alles mitmachen" -- "One must live through everything somehow'" The prisoners were behind barbed wire., after all, or cordoned off by guards and dogs as they marched. It was impossible to talk to them, let alone help them' When shifts changed they could be seen crossing the Elster, trudging slowly out toward the tunnels being mined in the hills. If ever they passed nearby, the prisoners would put their hands to their mouths, a silent shriek for food. When they could, they would pick from the streets oats intended for the horses, or a discarded piece of potato peel, or an eggshell. Some local women, like Marie Scheffel, would spill buckets of oats as the prisoners passed' But that sort of impetuous gesture -- the women shook their heads --could get you in trouble with the authorities.
    Throughout the days and nights of that bitter winter, the dynamite charges detonating in the tunnels in the hills could be heard. Hundreds of the prisoners laboring there died -- an average of more than two a day -- during the brief existence of the Berga camp' The dead, often enough, could be seen as they were trundled on wheelbarrows past the goods station, half covered with pieces of cloth, a frail limb, already stiff, protruding here or there' It was best not to look too closely. War makes you mute in the end.
American GIs surrender at
Battle of the Bulge on 17 Dec 1944'
National Archives

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E .
    Most of the corpses were dumped in a mass grave in the woods on the other side of town, a place still known as the Jewish cemetery. The old women do not know if all the dead were Jews; the place simply took, and kept, that name' But, when asked, they say they do know that many American GIs were among the imprisoned at Berga and among those who died here.
    In fact, Berga's little secret is that it was perhaps the most intense killing field for American prisoners of war in Europe, a place where Jewish American soldiers, and others deemed to resemble Jews, or simply to he "troublemakers," were sent by the Nazis soon after their capture, most of them at the Battle of the Bulge that began on December 16, 1944' Arriving here on February 13, 1945, three months after that first trainload of starving prisoners from Buchenwald, these Americans, too, were worked to death in the last months of World War II'
Some of the American GIs shortly after liberation
being treated for starvation and injury in a beer
hall in Fuchsmuhl. Germany in April 1945 photo,
Dr, Walter Hartzell
The Americans – stronger on arrival than
the European captives sent from Buchenwald –
    initially called the pajama-clad, concentration camp prisoners they saw "zombies," as they were so disembodied, unseeing and skeletal. But the GIs, too, quickly learned the inexorable arithmetic of Nazi "Vernichtung durch Arbeit" -- "Destruction through work" when, day after day, the outlay of energy exceeds that consumed, the body wastes away. In the end, survival came down to calories, calories and, of course the mysteries of the mind.
    So it was that beside the gently flowing Elster River, as virtually nowhere else in Europe, the fate of captured GIs and persecuted European Jewry intersected, middle America and Mitteletuopa briefly joined in a dance of death. To almost all Americans, the Holocaust was an idea that coalesced after 1945: the immensity of the Nazi crime against European Jewry took form in its full proportions once it was completed. But to a group of 350 American soldiers brought to Berga in Hitler's last months, the crime was an immediate, agonizing reality' Of those 350 men, 70 would die in the space of two months, an attrition rate of 20 percent, one unknown among American prisoners of war elsewhere on the European continent.
Background Foam,'
    In September 2002, Charles Guggenheim shared a copy of his film BERGA: SOLDIERS OF ANOTHER WAR with the historian and Pulitzer Prize-winning author David McCullough (John Adams, Truman, The Johnstown Flood), Then the two long-time friends sat down in Guggenheim's home to talk about the veteran filmmaker's most personal project to date. This was Guggenheim's last interview before he passed away one month later.

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E ..
Following are excerpts from the two-hour conversation:
    David McCullough: This has been a long journey for you, longer than most people might imagine. Somewhere along the line something must have just clicked for you, that you had to do this film. How did you get started? When did you go into the army? Let's start there.
    Charles E' Guggenheim: I was drafted in the Army in May of 1943. I ended up with 106'" Division, 424'^ Infantry Regiment. Company E, Second Battalion Company.
DM: And then your unit was sent overseas, and you were in the hospital.
    CEG: I had an infection in my foot. It turned out to be blood poisoning. So I was delayed, and the delay saved my life, really.
DM: And your life then went on, but somewhere along the line you then got a hint of
this story, But that was many years later, yes?
    CEG: Actually, when the men were coming back after the war was over, I started to talk to some of my comrades -- guys that I had been in the Army with and who I'd been friends with. I said, "What happened to so-and-so?" and they said he died in a German salt mine. I think he was explicit that it was a slave labor situation, but I was not alarmed at that point, because there were so many tragedies involved in that war. That was the first time I had any indication that something was sort of strange.
    And then I kept running into articles, little ones in small newspapers, Arizona or Florida someplace. There would be a paragraph about some veteran digging tunnels for the Germans in a slave labor camp. or something like that. Finally I decided to look it up and go further into it.
DM: And where did you find the first real evidence?
    CEG: National Archives war crimes file. There was a war crimes trial because an American prisoner had been shot trying to escape. He had obviously been recaptured and shot, and that violated the Geneva Convention.
DM: So when you saw those records at the Archives, you knew something was
there, a story that had to be told.
    CEG: Then I found books that were written much later, as late as 15 years ago. It was,., enough to tell me that the genesis of this story was worth exploring. The majority [of the men] were not Jewish, Eighty out of 350 were Jewish. The Germans figured if his name is Rigerio or Zaccharias...they said that's a strange name it must be a Jew you know.
DM: There must be some part of your recollection of the war that makes you wonder,
"Why me? Why was I spared?" Does it occur to you that maybe you were spared to make this film?
    CEG: Oh, it goes through your mind, but you want to eliminate it pretty quickly because somehow there's divine providence that says you have an obligation here.
DM: In what way?
CEG: Well, once I talked to these people, I felt I owed them something. DM: Had they been interviewed before?
CEG: Some of them had, sometimes by the local newspaper, maybe by the Army association.

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E ...
DM: But you must have found that they themselves were recalling things that they
    hadn't thought of for a very long time, It is an extremely powerful film for anyone who sees it for the first time, and its impact, I think, is in large part because you're dealing with a relatively few people. To comprehend the scale of the larger atrocity of the Holocaust is almost more than anyone is capable of, The numbers are so enormous that it becomes..,
CEG: ...incomprehensible.
DM: ...and for any of us who see the film as Americans, to see our own guys in this
    nightmare strikes home. It strikes the heart in a way that nothing that I've seen quite does. What was it about them that increased your feeling of responsibility that you had to make the film? It certainly wasn't their self-pity, was it?
    CEG: No, it never was self-pity. It was never, "Why me?" Never. I think one thing that drew me to the picture was the Holocaust. The Holocaust was so huge, incomprehensible, and when you get things in front of you that are just so large, you're unable to absorb it in any kind of normal way, and you have a tendency to push it aside. This was the first time Americans who spoke like I did, who looked like I did, who grew up in the same country I did, were part of something that I never comprehended as being close to me. And I decided to do a film about this thing that was done to Americans -- not only Americans, but American soldiers.
DM: I think that one of the most compelling sides of the film is the seamless way
    you combined historic, archival material with footage that you shot in Germany in order to evoke the scene. I assume that many of those people who are playing the silent parts as extras are Germans.
CEG: They are.
DM: Now, that must have posed certain problems, Was it as difficult as you expected
it to be?
    CEG: It was less difficult than I expected it to be for a couple of reasons, which have to do with contemporary history. This is a story that took place in East Germany, East Germany was locked in time for 50 years. When I went to Germany to film in March two years ago, the Berlin Wall had come down [only a few years before], So these young people had [until recently] been under Russian rule for 50 years, Forty percent of them were unemployed. There was very little future in their lives,
    There were some older people in the towns we were working in who would come up and tell me how many American planes they shot down, But the townspeople, generally speaking, were grown people in their middle age, and I realized they hadn't even been born when the war started. So the answer to your question is we had total cooperation.
DM: Just finding the men that you interviewed for the film must have been a task in
itself. It wasn't as though they all came to a reunion or something,
    CEG: Biggest problem we had -- how do you start finding these people? And then you don't know where they live, or whether they're living or dead.
DM: You don't know whether they'll be willing to talk.
CG: Most of them, with mitigating circumstances, did. The thing that saved us was
    the National Archives, which had a list of everybody who was at Berga at the slave labor camp -- some obscure document. And we knew there are still records at the

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A TRIBUTE to Charles Guggenheim 424/E ...
James Watkins, a Berga survivor, being treated at
Fuchsmuhl, Germany shortly atter his liberation on
April 20, 1945,
National Archives
    Veterans Administration, They said, "We'll tell you if they're living, but we won't tell you where they are, because that's a violation of privacy."
    So we took a circuitous route -- we had help from someone on the Hill who wrote to them to see if they'd be interested in doing this film. We got a pretty good response -- 30 or 40 percent said they'd participate. And we had great help from an army captain, Mac O'Quinn, who I'll always be indebted to. He was doing a thesis on this story and he helped us find these people.
DM: There's a point in the film where one of the survivors talks about how painful
    it is to remember. And then he pauses and says, "But you have to remember." We must remember, You're making it possible for all of us to remember.
    CEG: I don't think anybody would doubt it if you say you must remember the Holocaust, But these were Americans, and we can identify with them. They're the people next door, When you hear these men testify, they're not somebody they imported from someplace. I mean they were shopkeepers, one's a doctor, the other one is an architect, another guy is a salesman. So you say, "This could happen any place with a mindset and with a sickness." It comes upon the world every so often.
Tim Fisher /Lori Lupinski Kellie Specter
Fisher Company ThirteenIWNET
914 674-6164 212 560-3009

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In Memoriam ....
As reported in the FRONT & CENTER section of this magazine:
    In all the years that the CUB has been published the rule for listings of deaths of Association members was that "Veterans Only have been listed"' It is difficult rule to change, for some of you haD requested the listing of your spouse in the past and were refused. Due to the time, general opinion, and overall age of our organization that rule is being relaxed.
Association member's deaths, Veterans always, Non-Veterans by request.
It should be understood that our sympathy always goes out to one of our group including those that are non-veterans.

Antonovich, Jacob B. - 423/H
    20406 Sonnet Drive, Sun City West, AZ 85375 Date of death: January 2, 2003. Reported in AX-POW magazine' He is survived by wife Agnes, one son, one brother and three sisters'

Arndt, Kenneth E. - 592/C
    318 Mohawk, Janesville, WI 53545 Date of Death: March 13, 3003. Reported by Jack Roberts 592/C' Kenny had been in poor health for some time. Details on his death are sparse' He had six children and his wife preceded him in death.

Bishop, Jesse - 423/G
PO Box 759, Oakwood, GA 30566
Date of death: August 2, 2002. Reported in AX-POW magazine' Was held in Stags 4B and 8A.

Boyd, Thomas - 422/C
1113 Winslow Circle, Longmont, CO 80501-5225
    Date of death: February 16, 2003. Thomas was a 2nd Lt' in 422/C' His death reported by Robert O'Neill, 2nd Platoon Leader 422/G

Cemer, Samuel - 424/D
225 N Valleyview Dr #77, St George, UT 84770
Died September 8, 2002

Faikenheiner, William C. - 422/M
408 Georgia St, Vidalia, LA 71373
    Date of death: December 7, 2002. Wife Dorothy wrote, "He was a 1st Lt. Mortar Platoon leader. He was held as a German POW. He would have been 79 years of age on January 3. He was retired State District Judge. He wrote an interesting account of his wartime experiences. If anyone is interested I would be happy to share'"

Freedman, Elizabeth (Betty)
115 Harness Trail, Roswell, GA 15202
    Wife of Henry (Hank) 422/HQ passed away January 6, 2003' Betty and Hankl were members of the North Central Georgia chapter of AX-POW. She leaves two sons and four granddaughters.
Rest In Peace

Gilliland, Lee - Auxiliary
140 Nancy Street, Boaz. AL 35957
    Wife of John Gilliland, 592/SV - Past-President, Order of the Golden Lion, Officer's Class (1994). Lee died April 28, 2003 of a heart failure. She was holder of the Order of the Golden Lion, Companion Class (1994). She and John hosted the 1987 Reunion at Mobile, Alabama along with the Bridges and Masseys and the Huntsville, Alabama Reunion in 1991' John and Lee were regular attendees of the 106th reunions' She will be missed by all.

Harris, William B. 423/SV
409 Sunset Road, West Reading, PA 19611
    Date of Death: April 13, 2003. Reported by John Gallagher. William, born August 7, 1924' Died in his home' Survived by Lillian (Workman) Harris his wife, two sons Bruce, Farmington Hills and James B. Chambersburg. Four sisters and five grandchildren' He was employed from 1946 to 1952 as a clerk by Texas Machine Works, Wyomissing and last as production scheduler Continental Can Company, Reading. a 1942 graduate of West Reading High School

Hoffmaster, Wendell "Windy" 423/D
West 12654 Pleasantview Rd, Lodi, WI 53555
    Died March 3, 2003' Reported by Joe Schiro son of Frank 424/E. Windy died peacefully' He was born September 23, 1923 in Belleville, Wisconsin. He was active in all sports' Taken prisoner during The battle of the Bulge he kept a journal of daily activities and food rations' His journal was written on the back of German "accounting" papers. He attended Platteville State College after the war, still active in sports. He went into business with his parents and brother in 1952 and helped run the National Hotel in Mount Horeb for 16 years, later he and his brother built the W&W Bar at the old feed mill site. A members of many clubs, Masonic Lodge, Nomads, Madison Zor, VFW, AX-POW, American legion and AARP.
He is survived by a daughter Tina, a son Tim, and a host of grandchildren.

Kloberdanz, George D. 424/E
1022 Denver Street, Waterloo, IA 50702
    Date of Death: 02-27-2003 Reported by Eileen Mary Kloberdanz Wier, the daughter of George & Luella. George Donald Kloberdanz was born Jan. 5, 1924, in Osage, Iowa, son of German parents, Joseph M. and Katharina Frank Kloberdanz, who emigrated from Rothammel, Russia. He married Luella M. Marley in 1941, at St. Peter Catholic Church in New Haven, Iowa. He worked for Rath Meat Packing Co. in Waterloo for 43 years as a foreman and later as a security guard, retiring in 1985.
    He served in the U.S' Army during World War II and fought with the 106. Infantry in the Battle of the Bulge at age 20. George, a cook, had a cake in the oven when the three German armies launched a surprise attack.
    Survivors include: his wife; two sons, Gary (Lynn) of Waterloo and Gregg (Jeanne) of Jesup; nine daughters, Eileen (Joe) Wier, Connie (Tom) O'Rourke, Joann (Dan) Woodley, Debra (Mike) O'Neil, Diana Kloberdanz, Barbara (Dan), Vicki (Rod) Hemsath and Lisa (Van) Blair, all of Waterloo, and Jane (Jon) Shirk of Warrens, Wisconsin; 20 grandchildren; 5 great-grandchildren; and a sister, Magdalene Wagner of Osage, Iowa.

!Rosa la, John 423/C
632 Grant Avenue, Baldwin, NY 11510
    Date of death: April 22, 2003. Ed Goldberg, 423/C reported the death of John on April 23. No other details have been reported other than the funeral Mass was held April 25.

Rutland, Mettle Auxiliary,
6632 Arcadia Woods Rd, Colimbia, SC 29206
    Wife of Roger Rutland 424/B, Past-President, Order of the Golden Lion, Officer's Class (1994) passed away March 7, 2003. She was holder of the Order of the Golden Lion, Companion Class (1994) and a constant attender of the 106th Annual Reunions along with her husband. The Rutlands had been married 60 years. She is survived by Roger, Chief Warrant Officer Third Class (Ret), two daughters six grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.
    Roger and Lee hosted the Fort Jackson Reunion in 1986 along with the Terrio family and the 1993 Fort Jackson Reunion in 1993.
    The veterans of "B" Company, 424th Combat Infantry Regiment sent their condolences along with with a generous donation for the Andersonville Memorial'

Shirk Walter E 424/M
1093 Alleghenyville Rd, Mohton, PA 18540
Date of death: January 29, 2003 Preceded by his wife Mary in 1991. Internment: Allegheny Union Cemetery.
    He retired as a hydraulic assembler Parish Structural Products Division of Dana Corp, Reading, PA in 1968. He held various offices in Alleghenyville Grange 2065. Survived by a son Dale, two brothers and a sister.. He was a regular "attender" of the 106th Memorial Dinners.

Tomilson, Ryan 423/HO 2Bn
1718 Madison Rd, Columbia, SC 29204
Date of Death: January 23, 2003. Born in Olanta, he was the son of the
t ' late Eugene Irby and Lucille Tomlison. A graduate of The Citadel, class of 1942
and served as an officer. He retired as assistant to the South Carolina Commis-
sioner of Insurance. Surviving are his widow Elizabeth, Randy Tomilson of
Atlanta and Finklea Tomilson of Columbia, Grandchildren, Harry Tomilson Jr.
• Joe and Ashley Sprott; nieces and nephews.

Varhola, Steve 424/D
6650 Royal Palm Blvd #311 C, Margate, FL 33068
    Died March 25, 2003, reported by Marion Ray 424/D. Survived by widow Irene. Steve was retired from White Motor Company, Cleveland, Ohio

tlitAWNIII)GE vier r11,--A
57th Annual Reunion of the "Golden Lions"
The Drawbridge Inn & Conference Center
Fort Mitchell, Kentucky
In the greater Cincinnati Area
Reserve the days of September 10-15, 2003 for an enjoyable time with comrades
    Come experience the royal treatment at The Drawbridge. You'll find the charm of a European village and all the friendliness that Northern Kentucky has to offer at this unique hotel. Whether you're here for a convention, romantic weekend or sight-seeing, let us show you hospitality beyond your expectations. Independently owned and operated for over 30 years, The Drawbridge offers a blend of old world charm and contemporary convenience. The complex is comprised of 23 acres of lodging, meeting, dining and recreation facilities.Located at 1-75 and Buttermilk Pike (Exit 186), The Drawbridge is convenient to the excitement of the Kentucky/Ohio Riverfront and to
many attractions in the area, including Newport on the Levee.
    Golf and shopping opportunities are abundant and the Southbank Shuttle makes it quite easy to get around Northern Kentucky and downtown Cincinnati.
2477 Royal Drive, Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Phone 859-391-2800 - FAX 859-505-5644
Mention "106th Infantry Division 57th Annual Reunion"
Registration material mailed May 7 First Class Pre-sort

    A quarterly publication of the 106th Infantry Division Association, Inc. A nonprofit Organization - USPO #5054 St Paul, MN - Agent: John P. Kline, Editor Membership fees include CUB subscription
Paid membershipMay 7, 2003 -1,603
President Jolts R. &Weber
Past-President (Ex-Officio) ' . Joseph P. Maloney
1st Vice-Pres John M. Roberts
2nd Vice-Pres Walter G. Bridges
Historian Sherod Collins
Adjutant Marion Ray
CUB Editor, Membership John K Kline
Chaplain Dr' Duncan Trueman
Memorials Chairman Dr' John G. Robb
Atterbury Memorial Representative Philip Cox
Resolutions Chairman Richard Rigatti
Washington Liaison Jack A. Salter
Order of the Golden Lion Chairman . John 0. Gilliland
Committee ... Joseph Massey, Sherod
Nominating Committee Chairman . Walter M. Snyder
Committee: Harry Martin, Walter Bridges Mini-Reunion Chairman Harry Martin
Editorial Matters, Membership Committee:
John P. Kline --CUB Editor
11 Harold Drive, Burnsville, MN 55337-2786
952-890-3155 - jpk Ca, mm_com
Business Matters, Deaths, Address changes:
Marion Ray -- Adjutant
704 Briarwood Drive, Bethalto, IL 62010-1168
618-377-3674 raybugleboy @charter..
Memorial Matters and Inquiries:
Dr' John G. Robb -- Memorial Chairman
238 Devore Dr., Meadville, PA 16355
Membership Dues:
Richard L. Rigatti - Treasurer
113 Woodshire Drive, Pittsburgh. PA 15215-1713
412-781-8131 Email: rigattiOP
Dr. Duncan Waimea, Chaplain
29 Overhill Lane, Warwick, NY 10990
845-986-6376 FAX 845-986-4121
email: dttruemaneyalioacom
Membership Fees
Life Vets/Associates ... $75 Auxiliary $15
Annual Vets/Associates.,. $10 Auxiliary $2
Annual Dues payable by June 30 each year.
"106th Infantry Division Association"
in care of Treasurer, Sce adclres.s above.
Board of Directors
John O. Gilhismd, 592/SV (2003)
140 Nancy Street. Boa, A1.35957
Frank Lapato, 422/HQ (2003)
RD 8, Box 403, Kittanning, PA 16201
72A-548-2119 Emil: flajratoPulltetnet
Harry F. Martin, Jr, 424/1 (2003)
PO Box 221, Mount Arlington, NJ 07856
973-663-2410 ritrtinkOlocalnet_com
George Peros, 590/A (2003)
19160 Harbor Tim Court, NW Fort Myas,14. 33903
Charles E Rieck 422/H (21103)
7316 Voss Padtway, Middleton, WI 53562
Robert R. Hanna, 422/HQ (2005)
72151-inda Lake Drive, Outrtone. NC 28215-3617
John M. Roberts, 592/C (Exec. Comm.) (2005)
1059 Alter Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304-1401
248-338-2667 Emakinu810411aoLcom
Wald Toy, 422/K (2005)
4610 Wade Stn, Columbia, SC 29210.3941
Frank S. Trautman, 422/D (2005)
9 Meadowcrest Drive, Parker., WV 26101-9395
Walter G. Bridges, 4241) (Exec. Comm.) (2006)
225 Laird Ave, flueynnvn, A1.3502,2418
2M-491-3409 Email:
Joseph A. Massey, 422/C (2006)
4820 Spunky 1 lolktw Rd, Ranh, AL 35133-5546
Walter M. Snyder, 589/A (2006)
2901 Dunmore Rd Apt 14, Dundalk, MD 212225123
Robert F Sowell, 424/E (2006)
612 Via Del Monte, Pals. Verdes Ectales, CA 90274-1208
310-378-5404 Email: mart...well Okarthlink.nel
Hal l'aylor, 423/CN (2001/)
2172 Rockridge Ile, Grand Junction, CO 01503-2534
970-245-7807 Email: hal 1271.atthi.axn
Donald F. Herndon (424/I.) (2007)
8313 NW 102, Oklahoma City, OK 73162-4026
405-721-9164 Email: oklastamps@witcom
Irwin C. Smoler (424/B) (2007)
87 Spier Read, Scarsdale, N Y 10583-7318
914-723-8835 Email:
Pete Yanchik, 423/A (2004)i
1161 Airport Road, Aligaippa.1.15001-43l2
Richard L. Rigatti, 423/11 (2004)
13 Womb:hire Drive., Pittsburgh, PA 15215-1713 412-781-8131 Email:
John R. Schaffner, 589/A (Exec. Comm.) . . . (2004)
Istl Miller Road, Cockeysville, MD 21030-1013
410-584-2754 Email: jschaffni.heplitet
Jack A. Sulser, 423/F (20(2004)'.,7 N Ashton Stn., Alexandria, VA 22312-5506
703-354-0221 Entail:

Index for: Vol. 59, No. 1, Oct, 2002

Index for This Document

101st Abn. Div., 133
103rd Med. BN, 161
106th Cav. Rcn. Trp., 62
106th Div., 9, 22, 31, 75, 166, 180
    106th Inf. Div., 1, 5, 8, 9, 11, 17, 19, 20, 21, 34, 38, 40, 42, 43, 45, 46, 48, 49, 52, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 67, 70, 76, 81, 82, 84, 86, 94, 95, 96, 131, 142, 147, 148, 150, 151, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 162, 163, 164, 166, 168, 176, 177, 181, 183, 198, 199
106th Inf. Div. Assn., 8, 57, 95, 157
106th Inf. Div. Memorial, 67, 86, 151
    106th Infantry Division Association, 1, 5, 8, 9, 11, 17, 42, 43, 46, 48, 49, 52, 57, 58, 59, 60, 76, 81, 82, 84, 86, 94, 95, 142, 147, 148, 150, 157, 158, 163, 168, 176, 177, 180, 183, 198, 199
106th Memorial, 35, 197
106th QM Co., 62
106th Sig. Co., 62, 169, 181
112th Regt., 108, 133
116th Panzer Div., 32
14th Calvary Grp., 125, 131
14th Cav., 125, 131
168th Cbt. Engr. BN, 56, 143
168th Cbt. Engr.s, 56
18th VG Div., 106
18th Volksgrenadier Div., 29
28th Inf. Div., 93, 108, 130, 161
2nd Inf. Div., 22
2nd SS Panzer Div., 130
30th Inf. Div., 69, 105, 133
331st Med., 171
331st Med. BN, 62, 171
333rd FA BN, 36
38th Armd., 34
38th Armd. Inf., 34
38th Armd. Inf. BN, 34
3rd Army, 133
422/K, 12, 44, 55, 67, 83, 89, 149, 172, 175, 176, 199
422/M, 12, 17, 144, 146, 172, 178, 195
422nd Inf., 98, 158
422nd Inf. Regt., 98
423/Hq 1 BN, 180
423/Svc. Co., 155
423rd Inf., 18, 22, 24, 27, 75, 100, 101, 126, 131, 135, 138
423rd Inf. Regt., 18, 22, 75, 101, 126
423rd Regt., 27, 29, 56, 89
424/A, 2, 11, 50, 55, 69, 88, 96, 106, 140, 152, 178
424/C, 11, 12, 16, 60, 67, 74, 158
424/D, 12, 14, 15, 41, 44, 55, 67, 83, 89, 144, 149, 170, 176, 177, 195, 197
424/E, 12, 38, 44, 76, 96, 149, 153, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 196, 199
424/G, 12, 96, 163
424/I, 6, 16, 200
424/L, 1, 12, 14, 15, 44, 82, 83, 148, 151, 172, 174, 178
424th Cbt. Inf. Regt., 197
424th Inf. Regt., 40, 159, 160
424th Regt., 32, 108, 131, 159
4th Inf. Div., 28
589th FA, 1, 12, 13, 46, 65, 84, 91, 114, 150, 177
589th FA BN, 1, 12, 13, 46, 65, 84, 91, 114, 150, 177
590th FA BN, 13
591st FA BN, 13, 62, 177
591st FAB, 13
592nd FA BN, 12, 13, 62
592nd FAB, 12, 13
5th Panzer Army, 35, 131, 133
6th SS Panzer Army, 131
75th Inf. Div., 106
7th Armd. Div., 20, 31, 32, 33, 34, 106, 119, 121, 122, 127, 133, 143
7th Army, 131, 133
806th Ord. Co., 62, 96
81st Cbt. Engr., 133
81st Engr., 143
81st Engr. BN, 32
81st Engr. Cbt. BN, 62
82nd Abn. Div., 113, 133, 161
87th Inf. Div., 79
9th Armd. Div., 131, 133
9th SS Panzer Div., 30
A Teen's War, 56
'A Teen's War', 56, 142
'A Walk Through the Woods', 21, 121, 122, 126, 140, 142
Aachen, 93
Aalsburg, John, 15
Adams, John, 191
Africa, 140
Agostini, Gus, 17
Agostini, Orfeo, 11
Alamo, 113, 114, 115
Aldrich, Allison Van Zant, 168
Amblève, 105
Ambleve River, 105
Ambrose, Stephen, 140, 142, 152
Ambrose, Stephen E., 142
American Battle Monuments Commission, 143
Amsterdam, 93
An den Linden, 31, 33, 34, 35
Anderson, Amy, 169
Anderson, Toby, 169
Andersonville, 1, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 51, 54, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 83, 86, 150, 151, 183, 197
Andersonville Memorial, 54, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 86, 151, 197
Andersonville, Ga., 1, 150
Andler, 30
Andreachhio, Col. Nicholas, 76
Angelo, Mario, 163
Annual Reunions, 197
Antonovich, Jacob B., 195
Antwerp, 130, 131
    Ardennes, 2, 4, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 44, 62, 70, 100, 102, 105, 114, 115, 116, 119, 130, 131, 134, 137, 140, 149, 152, 166
Ardennes Campaign, 102
Ardennes Forest, 166
Ardennes Offensive, 140
Army Group B, 35, 131
Arndt, Kenneth E., 195
Arnhem, 93
Auerbach, Jill, 181
Austria, 32, 186
Auw, 29
Back, Ollie J., 15
Bad Ems, 63
Bad Orb, 16, 68, 74
Bad Orb, Germany, 68
Ballowe, Tom, 176
Band of Brothers, 140, 142, 165, 166
Baraque De Fraiture, 114
Bare, Robert, 96
Bare, Robert N., 96
Barrick, Jean, 168
Barrick, Mac, 168
Bartz, Richard, 37
Bartz, Richard E., 37
Bastogne, 125, 131, 133, 134, 140, 156
Bataan, 133
the Story of the Bulge', 166
Battle of the Ardennes, 116
    Battle of the Bulge, 3, 23, 28, 33, 39, 41, 53, 56, 75, 89, 91, 96, 104, 116, 125, 130, 134, 135, 136, 137, 142, 144, 158, 160, 164, 166, 168, 172, 176, 177, 182, 188, 190, 191, 196
Baugnee, 120
Baugnez, 35
Bauswell, Victor D., 180
Bavaria, 165
Beal, Thomas H., 15
Beaver, Murel E., 69
Behr, Richard, 169
    Belgium, 14, 15, 16, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 32, 41, 58, 62, 76, 84, 86, 106, 108, 111, 114, 115, 116, 117, 133, 135, 136, 142, 143, 152, 156
Berchtesgaden, 160
Berga, 38, 91, 153, 154, 185, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 194
Soldiers of Another War, 153, 188, 191
Berlin, 30, 165, 188, 193
Berlin Wall, 188, 193
Bethea, Charles, 175
Birmingham, 158
Bishop, Grayson, 172
Bishop, Jesse, 195
Bitter Woods, 166
Bitterfeld, 70
Black, Ewell, 67
Black, Ewell C., 45, 59
Black, Rev. Ewell C., 48, 49, 62, 175
Blaher, William, 53, 178
Bleialf, 19, 26, 72, 73, 76, 131, 133
Bloch, Jacques, 171
Bloch, Jean, 171
Books, 9, 10, 54, 70, 142, 143
Bordelon, Sam, 29
Born, 41, 144, 197
Boschert, Paul, 14
Brandi, Julius, 171
Breite, Avis, 180
Breite, Victor, 15
Brendlinger, Barbara, 168
Brendlinger, Bob, 29, 139
Brice, Elmer, 55
Brice, Elmer, Sr., 55
Brice, Janet, 55
Bridges, Barbara, 176
Bridges, Walter, 43, 59, 65, 67, 82, 147, 176, 198
Bridges, Walter C., 81
Bridges, Walter G., 49, 147, 149, 198, 199
Brocato, Martha, 173
Brokaw, Dick, 181
Brokaw, Jody, 181
Brown, Kenneth H., 15
Brown, Milton L., 78
Brunswick, 41
Brussels, 21, 22, 24, 25, 35, 114, 117, 136, 137, 143
Bruxelles, 25
Bryan, Kenneth V., 180
Bryant, Howard, 174
Buchenwald, 38, 188, 190, 191
Buchet, 19, 27, 28, 106
Bucket, 26
Bugner, Lucille C., 80
Bugner, Thomas F., 80
Bugner, Tom, 169
Burkes, Frankie, 173
Burmeister, Roy, 14
Burrnesiter, Roy, 14
C.R.I.B.A., 116
Califf, John, 5, 18, 84, 100, 139, 142, 143
Camp Atterbury, 20, 21, 40, 62, 69, 160
Camp Atterbury, IN, 20, 21, 62
Camp Lucky Strike, 16
Camp Lucky Strike, France, 16
Camp Shanks, 62
Camp Shanks, NY, 62
Cannon Co., 422nd Inf., 158
Canup, Carl, 60, 67, 173
Cariano, Sam, 144
Cariano, Samuel, 144
Cariano, Samuel P., 144
Carr, Betty, 179
Carr, Edward, 158
Carr, Edward E., 158
Carr, Fred, 179
Carrico, Helen E., 80
Carrico, L.J. (Jack), 80
Carver, Dale, 6, 155, 168
Carver, Ruth, 6, 155
Casenhiser, Casey, 139
Casey, Carol, 168
Casey', Sheenan, 168
Cavanaugh, Father, 179
Cavender, Col., 126, 129
Cavender, Col. Charles, 126
Cavender, Col. Charles C., 22
CCB, 7th Armd., 34, 106
CCB, 7th Armd. Div., 34
Central Europe, 44, 56, 149
Chester, Morris, 96
Chester, Morris S., 96
Childs, Dean, 169
Childs, Eleanor, 169
Chinnici, Pasquale, 15
Christian, Anne, 55
Christian, Truman, 55
Churchill, Winston, 162
Citizen Soldier, 142
Clark, Gen. Bruce, 33
Clervaux, 131
Co. E, 424th Inf. Regt., 160
Coan, Hiram Cary (H.C.), 78
Coble, Ralph, 55
Coffey, Doug, 173
Cohen, Roger, 188
Colbert, Hugh, 184
Cole, Hugh M., 166
Collins, Sherod, 6, 16, 17, 42, 43, 45, 49, 54, 60, 62, 67, 84, 147, 173, 198
Collins, Virgil, 181
Condike, Charles, 171
Cook, Francis, 163
Cooley, James, 38
Cooley, James H., 38
Cotswolds, 22
Coulee, 109, 111, 140
Cox, Philip, 43, 81, 147, 198
Cram, Jim, 181
Creel, Ed, 181
CRIBA, 19, 21, 23, 26, 31, 102, 116
Cunningham, Mike, 182
Czech Republic, 78
Czechoslovakia, 56, 165
Dachau, 36, 93
Dahlen, Bill, 6
Daniel, Charles T., 5
Darby, Elaine, 173
Darby, Lee, 173
Dark December, 142
Datte, Charles, 179
Datte, Nancy, 179
Davila, Eugene C., 96
Davis, Rinard, 15
Davis, Sam, 20, 126
Death of A Division, 142, 143
Deffenbaugh, David, 174
DeGerlia, Gilbert, 180
Denmark, 30, 78
DeSantis, Joseph, 42
Dickerson, Roy S., 69
Dickerson, Susan, 78
Dietrich, Sepp, 36
DiMeglio, John, 178
Dinant, 133
Div. Arty, 62, 79
Division History, 70
Donaldson, Walter, 182
Dovell, Clark W., 172
Doxsee, Gifford, 13
Dresden, 42, 72, 78
Driscoll, John, 13
Drumm, Greg, 38, 68, 168
Drumm, Gregory J., 68
Eastlack, Norman C., 68
Edwards, Jim, 181
Edwards, Mary, 144
Edwards, Robert, 5
Eisenhower, John S. D., 166
Elkin, Morton, 38
Elster River, 188, 191
Engr. Cutoff, 143
Epling, Elaine, 168
'Escape!!!', 56
Estes, Oliver Coleman, 68
Eupen, 37, 103, 105
Fava, Wanda, 179
Fehnel, Charles, 181
Fehnel, Pauline, 181
Ferrieres, 117, 128
Fifth Panzer Army, 30
First Army, 105, 131
First Reunion, 168
Fischer, Rodman H., 68
Fleharty, Bruce, 68
Foster, George, 185
Fournier, Dave, 168
Frampton, Durward, 158
France, 16, 22, 32, 56, 62, 68, 76, 93, 111, 114, 130, 135, 165, 186
French, William, 144
Friday, Pfc. Joe, 69
Frierson, Joseph, 96
Ft. Jackson, SC, 21, 62, 69, 71, 72, 77, 79, 146, 175, 197
Fuchs, Victor, 177
Gallagher, John, 53, 179, 196
Gallagher, John J., 179
Gallagher, Stella, 179
Gatens, John, 5, 65, 67, 178
Geneva, 192
Geneva Convention, 192
Gerard, Annne Marie, 14
Gerard, Michel, 15
Gerard, Vincent, 14
    Germany, 19, 21, 22, 25, 27, 32, 36, 38, 62, 68, 69, 76, 84, 130, 135, 137, 138, 140, 154, 165, 185, 188, 190, 191, 193, 194
Gillespie, Jack, 163, 165
Gillespie, John, 15
Gillespie, Shirley, 163
Gilliland, John, 8, 11, 56, 57, 67, 95, 157, 176, 196
Gilliland, John O., 82, 147
Gilliland, Lee, 51, 176, 196
Gleina, 146
Goering, Carl, 180
Goldberg, Ed, 171, 197
Goldberg, Ephriam, 171
Goldberg, Natalie, 171
Goldstein, Elliott, 5
Gombotz, Frank J., 78
Gouvy, 14, 116, 117, 123, 143
Gouvy, Belgium, 14, 116, 117, 143
Graham, Richard B., 15
Grand Halleux, 16
Grasso, Mary, 171
Greenock, 23
Greenock, Scotland, 23
Gregory, John, 11, 17, 168
Gregory, Shirley, 168
Grenz-Echo, 143
Greve, Walt, 66
Greve, Walter, 65, 67
Grivetti, Louis, 13
Guggenheim, Charles, 38, 153, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194
Guggenheim, Charles E., 38
Guggenheim, Grace, 185, 186
Gunvalson, Russell, 67
Hack, Lt. Willy, 188
Haines, Joseph C., 53
Halenfeld, 28
Hammelburg, 93
Hammer, Thomas S., 5
Hanna, Robert R., 199
Hannon, Philip A., 172
Harre, 117
Harris, William B., 196
Hartleib, Chris & Wend, 78
Hartleib, Gary, 78
Hartleib, Gary G., 78
Hartleib, Geoffrey & Hannah, 78
Hartleib, Glen O., 78
Hartleib, Nadine, 78
Hauptstrasse, 31, 32
Heidelberg, 93
Heider, Larry, 168
Helmich, Les, 181
Helms, Maj., 126
Henri Chapelle, 102, 117
Henri-Chapelle, 104, 142
Herndon, Don, 174
Herndon, Donald, 14, 15
Herndon, Donald F., 83, 149, 200
Herndon, Joan, 174
Hiltbrand, Walt, 38
Hiltbrand, Walter, 38
Hiltbrand, Walter F., 38
Hinder Forward, 56
Hiroshima, 138
Hirst, Bob, 139
Hitler, Adolf, 130, 131
Holland, 22, 25, 76, 86, 133, 140
Homan, Bob, 14
Homan, Pat, 14
Homan, Robert, 177
Homan, Robert C., 89
Horten, Charles J., 69
Hotel De Ville, 37
Houseman, Don, 184
Howard, Ella Katherin, 78
Howard, Jennifer & Don, 78
Howell, Bob, 67, 173
Howell, Louise, 173
Huber, David A., 70
Huffine, Phil, 153
Huminski, Ed, 183
Humphrey, Mike, 15
Hunter, David, 13, 14
Hunter, Leona, 14
Iannuzzi, Jr., Alphonse, 16
Idstein, Geraldine, 13
Idstein, Richard, 13
Inf. School, 129
Iraq, 152
Italy, 140
Ivy, William, 15
Iwo Jima, 2, 3
Jenkins, Bill, 67, 173
Jenkins, Ingrid Young, 77
Jenks, Doris, 14
Jewett, Dean F., 56, 143
Johansen, Charles, 171
Johnson, Johnny, 139
Johnston, Ray, 170
Johnston, Wesley, 20, 142, 143
Jones, Alan W., 5
Jones, Alan W., Jr., 5
Jones, Huck, 139
Jones, Martin, 55, 176
Jones, Phyllis, 176
Jones, Ted, 184
Josephs, Jeanette, 168
Kampfgruppe Peiper, 35, 105
Kampgruppe Peiper, 112
Kath, Albert, 177
Keeber, Bea, 163
Keech, Ann Marie, 14
Kelly, Peggy, 173
Kemp, Kay, 172
Kemp, Kay (Loveless), 172
Kennedy, John F., 186
Kersteter, Ammon W., 158
Kingery, Hugh, 158
Kinsey, Mary Ruth, 173
Kline, J., 16
Kline, John, 5, 6, 7, 19, 51, 53, 55, 67, 68, 70, 72, 75, 76, 84, 89, 94, 96, 98, 116, 126, 142, 143, 153, 156, 158
Kline, John P., 42, 81, 147, 198
Kloberdanz, George D., 196
Koblenz, 19, 146
Koblenz, Germany, 19
Koehler, Frank, 15
Kommando, 13, 78
Kommando 557, 78
Kook, David, 158
Korea, 39, 40, 80, 137, 144, 152
Kortlang, Charles, 171
Koski, Carl Arthur, 71, 159
Kraft, Christian, 19, 102, 116
Kravitz, Sol, 171
Krueser, Leo, 168
Kuizema, Jesica, 14
Kurth, Raymond, 182
Kwaczek, Carl, 39
Kwaczek, Carl S., 39
La Gleize, 112
La Vaux, 109
LaGleize, 112, 113
Lamberty, Eddy, 16
Langham, Francis, 183
Lapato, Frank, 82, 183, 199
Latournes, Robert, 70
Laudesfeld, 29
LaVaux, 108, 109, 110, 111
Lazzoroni, Anthony J., 16
Lee, Christine Nelson, 171
Lee, Donna, 14, 91
Leonard, James C., 158
Liege, 25, 26, 35, 37, 102, 117, 119
Limburg, 146
Linden, 31, 33, 34, 35, 79, 142
Lion In the Way, 142
Litvin, Joseph, 168
Litvin, Ted, 168
Lockenvitz, Glen, 178
London, 136, 142, 187
Long, Ike, 27, 29, 31
Long, Ivan, 39
Long, Lt., 126, 127, 128
Lorient, 62, 68
Lorraine, 51, 170
Losheim, 27, 131
Losheim Gap, 27, 131
Louveigne, 119, 120
Lowenberg, Dorothy, 183
Lowenberg, Howard, 183
Lucky Strike, 16
Luxembourg, 86, 117
Luxemburg, 32, 133
LXVI Corps, 35
MacDonald, Charles B., 166
Makowske, Raymond T., 78
Makrianis, James R., 96
Malempre, 16
Maleug, Russell J., 39
Malmedy, 35, 36, 37, 50, 142
Malmedy Massacre, 35, 36, 142
Maloney, Joe, 1, 183
Maloney, Joseph, 1, 17
Maloney, Joseph P., 42, 81, 147, 198
Mangiaracina, George P., 98
Mangiaracina, Michael, 98
Mangold, Bill, 181
Manhay, 16, 62, 106, 113, 114, 131, 133
Mansfield, Orville E., 96
Manteuffel, 30, 35
Margiacina, Michael P., 98
Marin, Sal J., 97
Market Garden, 93
Marsh, Mary Lou, 14, 168
Marsh, Randy, 168
Martin, Dr. John B., 79
Martin, Harry, 1, 43, 82, 147, 151, 178, 198
Martin, Harry F., 8, 94, 199
Martin, Harry F., Jr., 94
Martin, Harry, Jr., 178
Martin, Mrs. Pearl, 79
Martin, William, 16
Martin, William T., 16
Massey, Hazel, 176
Massey, Joseph, 43, 45, 65, 67, 82, 147, 198
Massey, Joseph A., 83, 149, 199
Matthews, William P., 39
Mayotte, Russ, 39
Mayotte, Russ J., 39
Mayotte, Russell, 163
McCallister, Clinton, 16
McCarthy, Hany J., 81
McCarthy, Helen, 81
McCarthy, Thomas, 70
McCarthy, William, 70
McCool, Sgt., 70
McDaniel, Maj., 34
McDaniel, Maj. Alva, 34
McKay, Lt. Robert, 110
McKinley, Lt., 126
McLeod, Don, 159
Meagher, Herb, 146
Meagher, Herbert, 146
Mehr, Jonell, 5, 16
Mehr, Joseph, 16, 40
Meltensen, Helena, 168
Memorials, 1, 43, 65, 81, 147, 150, 198
Merriam, Robert, 142
Merritt, Dorothy, 80
Merritt, Paul J., 80
Messmer, Sr., John A., 96
Meuse, 130, 131, 133
Meuse River, 130
Meyerode, 117
Middleton, 44, 148, 158, 182, 199
Milan, 168
Miller, Christopher, 16
Miller, John W., 184
Mills, James, 15
Mock, John, 176
Mock, Mary, 176
Monfort, Eddy, 16
Moore, Ralph, 182
Morris, Bill, 102, 128
Mowery, Gnome, 26
Muhlberg, 146
Mullins, Burt, 5
Munich, 93
Murphy, Donna Mae, 168
Myers, Charles, 70
Nagasaki, 187
Nagle, Col., 129
Naslund, Jack C., 146
National Archives, 143, 186, 190, 192, 193, 194
Nauman, Capt., 126
Nelson, Dr. Ralph, 171
Nelson, Ralph, 171
Netherlands, 32, 91, 135
Neumagen-Dhron, 19
Neundorf, 121, 122, 123, 124, 142
Newman, Paul, 3
Nijmegen, 93
Noel, Karl Heinz, 26
Normandy, 30, 56, 113, 130, 136, 140
Normandy Invasion, 56
North Africa, 140
North Sea, 22, 24, 130, 152
North, Oliver, 5, 89
Northern France, 56, 68
Nuremburg, 93
Oberlascheid, 28, 29, 30
Obersack(?), Sgt., 69
Oja, Dan, 71, 159
Oradour-Sur-Glane, 114
Order of the Golden Lion, 10, 11, 17, 43, 49, 79, 82, 144, 147, 168, 196, 197, 198
Ortwine, Audrey, 163
Ortwine, Harold, 163
Osciak, Stephen, 71
Osciak, Steve, 178
Our River, 130, 131
Paananen, Eugene, 160
Palmer, Harold, 72
Palmer, Harold R., 72
Palmer, Raymond A., 72
Panzer Lehr, 131
Paquette, Shirley, 79
Paquette, Wilbert, 163
Paquette, Wilbert F., 79
Paris, 129, 130, 160
Parker, Danny S., 140, 142
Parker, Maj. Arthur, 114
Parker, Newton, 178
Parks, Fred, 72
Parks, Fred D., 72
Patrick, George S., 53
Patton, Don, 93
Patton, Gen., 93
Patzner, Jeff C., 72
Patzner, Joseph C., 72
Patzuer, Joe, 72
Peiper, Joachim, 36
Perea, Andy, 74
Perko-Davis, Sharon, 180
Peron, George, 148
Peros, George, 15, 43, 199
Perri, Ralph, 184
Perryman, E. Firth, 96
Peters, Walter, 171
Petit, Joseph A., 153
Phelan, William, 51
Pierson, Randolph, 67
Piha, Morris, 173
Poland, 130
Portnoy, Stanwwod R., 74
Post, David, 182
Post, Virginia, 96, 182
Poteau, 121, 125
Potts, Art, 55
Potts, Ruth-Alice, 55
Powell, Eugene, 171
Powell, Neva, 171
Power, Frank, 62
Prater, Doug, 139
Pray, Corrine M., 96
Prewett, Ed, 168
Prewett, Reddie, 168
Prisoner of War, 7, 56, 58, 86, 150
Prisoners of War, 4, 52, 162
Prumerberg, 27, 56, 143
Purple Heart, 79
Puskarich, Charles, 41
Queen Elizabeth, 23
Quigley, Marilyn Estes, 74
Radscheid, 28, 29, 106
Radschied, 125
Rain, Betty, 180
Rain, Jack, 180
Rand, Anthony, 163
Rand, Douglas, 168
Ray, Marion, 9, 11, 17, 43, 69, 81, 82, 147, 180, 197, 198
Reeber, Charles, 163
Reed, Charles E., 16
Regier, Donald, 172
Remagen, 93
Remagen Bridge, 93
Rennes, 62
    Reunions, 1, 7, 15, 39, 54, 55, 79, 80, 84, 94, 151, 163, 164, 165, 166, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 197
Revolutionary War, 114
Rhine, 56, 130
Rhine River, 56
Rhineland, 44, 56, 62, 149
Richter, Ralph, 178
Rieck, Charles, 182
Rieck, Chuck, 160
Rifleman, 1st Sgt. Wallace, 110
Rigatti, Richard, 43, 81, 82, 84, 89, 147, 183, 198
Rigatti, Richard L., 82, 86, 148, 151, 198, 200
Rikken, Adda, 13, 116, 143
Rikken, Adda & Willy, 19, 143
Robb, Dr. John, 1, 44, 45, 67, 83
Robb, Dr. John G., 147
Robb, John, 38, 60, 65, 86, 150, 151, 153, 183
Robb, John G., 43, 198
Robb, Marilyn, 183
Roberts, Jack, 65, 66, 67, 82, 163, 166, 195
Roberts, John, 6, 58, 153
Roberts, John (Jack), 61
Roberts, John M., 48, 62, 83, 147, 149, 163, 198, 199
Roberts, John M. (Jack), 45
Roberts, Mary Lou, 163
Rodt, 122, 123
Roesch, James, 17
Roesch, James F., 17
Rogister, Henri, 19, 23, 116, 123, 136, 143
Rommel, 119
Romp, Chester, 160
Rosalia, John, 171
Roster, 81
Rothman, Milton, 91
Rouen, 22
Russia, 78, 113, 196
Rutland, Roger, 51, 80, 197
Rutland, Roger M., 79
Rydzinski, Edward, 146
Sadacca, Joseph, 16
Salzburg, 186
Sandahl, Dean, 153
Sandahl, Dean & Della, 170
Sandahl, Della, 170
Sanger, Harold Gene, 75
Sartori, Charlie, 128
Saturday Evening Post, 142
Schaffner, John, 1, 5, 48, 58, 59, 60, 61, 65, 67, 81, 172
Schaffner, John & Lillian, 14
Schaffner, John R., 6, 42, 44, 45, 46, 49, 62, 81, 82, 84, 86, 147, 148, 151, 172, 200
Schaffner, Lillian, 172
Schanerberger, Ellsworth, 163
Schiro, Joe, 196
Schlausenbach, 29
Schnee Eifel, 2, 76, 84, 91, 106, 114, 115, 130
Schober, Milton, 39
Scholte, Mary Ann, 181
Scholten, Don, 181
Schonberg, 29, 73, 74, 76, 133
Schortemeyer, John, 15
Schrom, Irving, 153
Schuetz, Kenneth, 178
Schuller, Albert F., 80
Schuller, John P., 80
Schutte, Jean, 163
Seine, 129, 130
Sergi, Rocco, 181
Sheaner, Herb, 15
Sheehan, Irish, 29, 106, 111, 139
Shipman, Elmer, 17
Shirley, Jean, 173
Shoffit, Al, 21, 139
Sicily, 140
Siegfried Line, 27, 106, 129, 130, 134
Simmons, Betty, 55
Simmons, Norman, 55
Simon, Anne Marie, 19, 26, 28, 31, 34, 119, 123
Sixth SS Panzer Army, 35
Skardon, Alvin W., 41
Skyline Drive, 29
Slaby, Ted, 139
Slaughterhouse Five, 42
Slayton, David, 96
Slayton, David B., 96
Smith, Edwin, 96
Smith, Ken, 181
Smoler, Frederic, 96
Smoler, Irwin, 79
Smoler, Irwin C., 96, 200
Snovel, Bob, 181
Snyder, Walter, 67
Snyder, Walter M., 81, 83, 149, 198, 199
Songer, Harold, 74
Sowell, Robert F., 44, 83, 149
Spa, 105
Spagnolia, Nick, 14
Spangdahlem Air Base, 76
Sparks, Dick, 20, 21, 31, 35, 39, 42, 119, 121, 126, 127, 129, 139, 140
Sparks, Richard, 142
Sparks, Richard D., 143
Spineux, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110
St. Nazaire, 62, 68
St. Vith, 9, 10, 26, 29, 31, 33, 54, 56, 70, 72, 73, 84, 88, 91, 106, 118, 122, 131, 143, 183
St. Vith Memorial, 54
St. Vith, Belgium, 84, 143
Stahl, Bill, 55, 176
Stalag 9-A, 74
Stalag 9-B, 16, 38, 68, 74
Stalag IV-B, 38, 39, 70, 146
Stauff, John, 168
Stavelot, 62, 105, 106, 109, 112, 133
Stein, Murray & Mrs., 13
Stern, Boris, 181
Stevens, William & Barbara, 6
Stewart, Arletia, 55
Stewart, John, 55
Stewart, William, 162
Stoumont, 112
Streeter, William & June, 6
Stroh, Donald A., 62
Strohmeier, Virginia, 14
Strunk, Luther, 76
Sulser, Jack A., 44, 81, 148, 200
Suppan, Vincent V., 76
Sussman, Al, 171
Sussman, Alvin, 178
Swack, Myron, 178
Sweden, 78
Swett, John, 11, 17, 153
Sziber, Vince, 179
Taddeo, Peter, 158
Talbot, Randy, 163, 164
Tarantino, Connie, 179
Tarantino, Joe, 179
Taylor, Hal, 56, 83, 142, 153
Tennant, Richard W., 89
Terrio, Howard, 175
The Ardennes
the Battle of the Bulge, 166
The Battle of the Bulge, 3, 104, 116, 125, 130, 142, 144, 166, 172, 182
The Battle Of The Bulge, 130
The Bitter Woods, 166
The Cub Passes In Review, 142
Thome, Mike, 168
Thompson, George, 4
Thompson, Robert, 153
Thompson, Truman B., 17
Thurner, Henry, 177
Timm, Eugene, 13, 163
Timm, Lois, 163
Toland, John, 34, 125, 140, 142, 166
Tolhurst, Michael, 142
Tomilson, Ryan, 197
Toy, Vannie, 175
Toy, Waid, 44, 83, 149, 175
Trautman, Frank S., 199
Trois Pont, 106, 112, 113
Trois Ponts, 106, 112, 113
Tronco, Jay, 80
Trost, Paul, 153
Troxel, Wayman, 15
Trueman, Dr. Duncan, 2, 5, 88, 148
Trueman, Duncan, 5, 42, 43, 50, 152, 198
Truman, Harry S., 186
Truman, President, 186
Tucker, J. Howard, 175
Twardzik, Isabel, 181
Twardzik, Ray, 15, 181, 184
Twitty-Hartleib, Karen, 78
Underwood, Jake, 176
V Corps, 91
Valenstein, Earle L., 172
Vanatta, Noel, 168
Vanderhorst, Eric, 168
Vanderhorst, Frieda, 168
Vandermast, Mary, 172
Varhola, Steve, 197
Vaughn, Ray, 41
VBOB, 176, 179
Verviers, 105
Veterans Of The Battle Of The Bulge, 75, 176
Vielsalm, 34, 117, 121, 128
Vietnam, 40, 53, 137, 152, 156, 177
Vitali, Al, 15
Volksgrenadier, 29, 30
Volksgrenadier Div., 29
Von Manteuffel, 35
Von Manteuffel, Gen. Hasso, 30
Von Rundstadt, 62
Watkins, James, 194
Watters, Dorotha M., 81
Watters, Jack H., 81
Weber, Carlos, 171
Weber, Jr., George A., 98
Weimar, 190
Weiner, Bella, 168
Weiner, Bernard, 168
Weiner, Milton, 168
Wells, James E., 6
Wente, Chic, 168
Wente, Dienta, 168
Wereth, 36
Werkmeister, Paul, 178
West Point, 50, 158
Westbrook, Scott, 175
Westhausen, David L., 76
White, Cathy, 173
Whiting, Charles, 142, 143
Wier, Joseph E., 76
Wiggins, Jim, 183
Wijers, Hans, 91
Williams, Lawrence, 176
Williams, Lucille, 77, 175
Williams, Lucille B., 77
Williams, Oliver G., 42
Winter, Raymond J., 98
Wojahn, Edward, 182
Wood, Lt. Eric, 117
Woodward, Jack, 67
World War II Memorial, 9, 57, 95, 157
Wright, Dennis, 55
Yamazaki, Aki, 168
Yamazaki, James, 168
Yanchik, Pete, 44, 82, 148, 183, 200
Yelochan, Al, 183
Yingst, Ruth, 14, 184
Yingst, William, 15
Young, Cyrila, 77
Young, Damon, 13, 89
Zeigenhain, 74
Zeitz, 146
Zenn, Elaine, 14
Zenn, Mike, 13, 14
Zicker, Gordon, 42, 139